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Types of Legal Liability of the Notary: Actual Problems Types of Legal Liability of the Notary: Actual Problems


M.R. Zagidullin

Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Environmental, 
Labor Law and Civil Procedure of the Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University 

The article provides an analysis of the main types of legal liability of notaries and the recent changes of legislation and law enforcement practice for each of the types. System of measures of responsibility of the notary to date submitted all major: civil, disciplinary, administrative and criminal. The system of control over the activities of notaries and the institute of responsibility in recent years has undergone significant changes, in general are positive, including: approved the Code of Professional Ethics of Notaries in the Russian Federation, constructed a multilevel system of compensation for property time and liability insurance, increased insurance amounts, extended criminal liability, etc. At the same time, there are presumably a large number of latent offences committed by notaries in the commission of small for the price or importance of notarial acts that is a consequence of the ineffectiveness of statutory traditional means of control and measures of liability of notaries. In particular, it revealed that often, despite the commission of a notary of the offense, affected individuals and organizations don’t have statutory protection. In view of this offences are not detected, the offending notaries are not subject to prosecution, and accumulates negative potential. To solve the above problem, we propose to introduce at the legislative level, other non-traditional means of control and liability of notaries, such as a unified rating system and detailed statistics on the activities of each notary public and based on her strict system of fines and other sanctions, instant response to complaints from citizens and organizations, etc. A number of previously existing problems associated with the criminal liability of notaries, in the absence of legal liability for an excessive amount of perform notarial acts by a notary, etc., are left unresolved. 

Keywords: legal responsibility; notary; notaries; latent offences; instruments of control.


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Information about the author 

Zagidullin M.R. (Kazan, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Environmental, Labor Law and Civil Procedure of the Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University (Kazan, Kremlyovskaya St., 18, educational building No. 01; e-mail: zagidullin.mr@yandex.ru). 

Recommended citation 

Zagidullin M.R. Vidy yuridicheskoj otvetstvennosti notariusa: aktual’nye problemy [Types of Legal Liability of the Notary: Actual Problems]. Вестник гражданского процесса = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2017, no. 6, p. 77–92. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-6-77-92

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