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The Role of Judgments (Precedents) and Judicial Practice in Regulation of Public Relations

PROBLEMS OF CIVIL PROCEDURE


O.V. Zaytsev

O.V. ZAYTSEV, 
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Higher School of 
Jurisprudence of the Institute of Public Administration and Civil Service of the Russian Presidential 
Academy of National Economy and Public Administration 

In this article, the author considers the role and influence of judicial decisions as precedents and judicial practice on the regulation of social relations. The importance of judicial practice in the Russian legal system is great, and the question of its role in regulating, first of all, civil legal relations is actually complicated. The question of the role of judicial decisions in regulating civil legal relations has a long history. It is generally accepted that a judicial precedent, which essentially resolves a case, is not recognized as a source of law in Russia but a single position regarding its concept and legal essence was not decided yet. The author examines the various court decisions and their ability to have the functions and influence of the precedent (in classic conception) on the subsequent judicial practice and the development of civil legal relations. The influence of judicial practice on the regulation of public relations cannot be limited to the compulsion of clarifications contained in decisions of the highest judicial instances. 

Keywords: judicial decision; precedent; judicial practice; public relations; civil procedure. 

References 

Ananiev A.G. K voprosu ob otvetstvennosti poruchitelej v zaemnom obyazatel’stve v sluchae smerti dolzhnika – fizicheskogo litsa [On the Issue of the Responsibility of Guarantors in a Loan Obligation in Case of the Death of the Debtor – an Individual]. Yuridicheskaya nauka = Legal Science, 2011, no. 1. (In Russian) 
Bobotov S.V. Konstitutsionnaya yustitsiya (sravnitel’no-pravovoj analiz) [Constitutional Justice (Comparative Legal Analysis)]. Moscow, 1994. (In Russian) Bogatykh E.A. Grazhdanskoe i torgovoe pravo: Uchebnoe posobie [Civil and Commercial Law: Textbook]. 2nd ed. Moscow, 2000. (In Russian) 
Bulaevsky B.A. Sudebnaya praktika kak sredstvo ustraneniya neopredelyonnosti v grazhdanskom prave [Judicial Practice as a Means of Eliminating Uncertainty in Civil Law]. In Slesarev V.L. (ed.). Grazhdanskoe zakonodatel’stvo i sudebnaya praktika: problemy vzaimodejstviya: Monografiya [Civil Law and Practice: Problems of Interaction: Monograph]. Moscow, 2017. (In Russian) 
Demidova G.S., Lisitsyna E.A. Kommentarij otdel’nykh polozhenij postanovleniya Plenuma Verkhovnogo Suda RF «O sudebnoj praktike po delam o nasledovanii» [Commentary on Certain Provisions of the Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation «On Judicial Practice in Cases of Inheritance»]. Tsivilist = Civil Lawyer, 2012, no. 7. (In Russian) 

Information about the author 

Zaytsev O.V. (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Higher School of Jurisprudence of the Institute of Public Administration and Civil Service of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (119571, Moscow, Vernadsky Av., 82, Bldg. 1; e-mail: ov.zaytsev@ migsu.ru).

 Recommended citation 

Zaytsev O.V. Rol’ sudebnykh reshenij (pretsedentov) i sudebnoj praktiki v regulirovanii obshchestvennykh otnoshenij [The Role of Judgments (Precedents) and Judicial Practice in Regulation of Public Relations]. Вестник гражданского процесса = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2018, no. 2, p. 105–136. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2018-8-2- 105-136

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