Herald of Civil Procedure

We in a citing index:




Candidate of Legal Sciences,
Associate Professor of the Department of Civil and Administrative Procedure
of the Russian State University of Justice

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2018-8-5-32-49

The author proposes description of the existing state of affairs abroad, use of modern
information technologies in courts, as well as the analysis of a number of arguments for and
against the granting of artificial intelligence as a judge. Dispute resolution online is becoming
more and more popular, such platforms as Alibaba, eBay, Airbnb, Amazon resolve most
disputes without personal presence and direct discussion of a controversial issue. The use
of the Internet and information technologies involves the appearance of a growing number
of disputes, often involving new technologies themselves. Law firms also try to adapt to the
requirements of the market of services and provide their products in a new way by using
electronic technologies. To live offline is no longer possible, but whether artificial intelligence
becomes the perfect judge, and whether this ideal is significant for man? The article is
devoted to review the field of justice informatization and online dispute resolutions. The
author considers examples from the history of jurisprudence and philosophy as the doctrine
of truth and the discretion of the judge in the interpretation of law. The potential advantages
and disadvantages of using artificial intelligence as a judge are analyzed.

Keywords: e-justice; informatization of justice; online dispute resolution; algorithms;
information technologies; robot judge.


Allen R.J. The Nature of Juridical Proof: Probability as a Tool in Plausible Reasoning.
International Journal of Evidence & Proof, 2017, vol. 21(1–2).
Beltrán J.F. Legal Proof and Fact Finders’ Beliefs. Legal Theory, 2006, vol. 12(4).
Bravo-Hurtado P. Avtomatizatsiya otpravleniya pravosudiya: obrashchenie k tryom
oshibochnym suzhdeniyam ob iskusstvennom intellekte [Automatization of Administration
of Justice: Towards Three Incorrect Ideas on Artificial Intellect]. Вестник граж-
данского процесса = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2018, no. 1. (In Russian)
Cappelletti M. The Judicial Process in Comparative Perspective. Clarendon Press, 1989.
Dvorkin R. O pravakh vser’yoz [On the Rights in a Serious Way]. Moscow, 2004.
(In Russian)
Dworkin R. Law’s Empire. Harvard University Press, 1986.
Grodzinsky M.M. Uchenie o dokazatel’stvakh i ego evolyutsiya [The Doctrine of Evidence
and Its Evolution]. Kharkiv, 1925. (In Russian)
Katsh E., Rabinovich-Einy O. Digital Justice: Technology and the Internet of Disputes.
Oxford University Press, 2017.
Pardo M.S. The Nature and Purpose of Evidence Theory. Vanderbilt Law Review,
2013, vol. 66.
Ryzhov K.B. Printsip svobodnoj otsenki dokazatel’stv i ego realizatsiya v grazhdanskom
protsesse [The Principle of Free Evaluation of Evidence and Its Implementation
in Civil Procedure]. Moscow, 2012. (In Russian)
Sendel M. Spravedlivost’. Kak postupat’ pravil’no [Justice. How to Do the Right Thing].
Moscow, 2013. (In Russian)
Smolnikov D.I. Mify o standartakh dokazyvaniya [Proof Standards Myths]. Zakon =
Law, 2015, no. 12. (In Russian)
Susskind R. The End of Lawyers?: Rethinking the Nature of Legal Services. Oxford
University Press, 2010.
Susskind R. Tomorrow’s Lawyers: An Introduction to Your Future. 2nd ed. Oxford
University Press, 2013.
Susskind R., Susskind D. The Future of the Professions: How Technology Will Transform
the Work of Human Experts. Oxford University Press, 2015.
Tebbit M. Philosophy of Law: An Introduction. 2nd ed. Routledge, 2005.
Telyatnikov V.I. Ubezhdenie sud’i [Judge’s Conviction]. St. Petersburg, 2004. (In
Vladimirov L.E. Uchenie ob ugolovnykh dokazatel’stvakh [The Doctrine of Criminal
Evidence]. Tula, 2000. (In Russian)

Information about the author

Argounov A.V. (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor
of the Department of Civil and Administrative Procedure of the Russian State
University of Justice (117418, Moscow, Novocheryomushkinskaya St., 69; e-mail: civilrap@

Recommended citation

Argounov A.V. Iskusstvennyj intellect rassudit? [Will Artificial Intelligence Judge?].
Вестник гражданского процесса = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2018, no. 5, p. 32-49. (In
Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2018-8-5-32-49

 el_.png   it_.png   book.png