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THE ORIGINS OF THE PRINCIPLES OF GOOD FAITH AND THE PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE IN CIVIL MATTERS

HISTORY OF THE CIVIL PROCEDURE


V.M. ABDRASHITOV, A.R. GILMULLIN

V.M. ABDRASHITOV,
Doctor of Legal Sciences,
Associate Professor of the Department of Theory and History of Law and State,
Institute of Law, Volgograd State University

A.R. GILMULLIN,
Candidate of Legal Sciences,
Senior Lecturer of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Faculty of Law,
Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2019-9-6-168-187

The article provides a detailed, historical and theoretical analysis of the formation and
development of such general legal principles as the principles of good faith and the
presumption of innocence, which have become classical and fundamental, for modern
civil law. The meaning and content of such a great in its axiological meaning of the source
of law as the Law of the Twelve Tables containing the first prerequisites of the principles
of the presumption of innocence and good faith are separately revealed. In particular,
separately described the role of decemvirs when creating the Law of the Twelve Tables, the
most ancient of which was the commission for judicial proceedings in civil cases addressing
civil disputes according to the formulas and principles of law (decemviri litibus judicandis),
and at the beginning of the IV century BC: decemvirs with consular authority (decemviri
consulari imperio legibus scribundis), through which the light appeared first ten tables,
making centuriate assemblies. The article draws attention to the distinctive and similar
features of the principles of “good conscience” and “good faith”, both in terms of subjective
and objective approaches.

Keywords: presumption of innocence; principle of good faith; Law of the Twelve Tables;
civil procedure; legal relations; contract.

References

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Information about the author

V.M. Abdrashitov (Volgograd, Russia) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor
of the Department of Theory and History of Law and State, Institute of Law, Volgograd
State University (100 Universitetskii Av., Volgograd, 400062, Russia; e-mail:
abdrashitov@volsu.ru);

A.R. Gilmullin (Kazan, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Senior Lecturer of
the Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Faculty of Law, Kazan (Volga
Region) Federal University (18 Kremlevskaia St., Kazan, 420008, Russia; e-mail: gilmullinainur@
yandex.ru).

Recommended citation

Abdrashitov V.M., Gilmullin A.R. K voprosu ob istokakh printsipov dobrosovestnosti
i prezumptsii nevinovnosti v grazhdanskikh pravootnosheniiakh [On the Origins of the
Principles of Good Faith and the Presumption of Innocence in Civil Matters]. Vestnik
grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure, 2019, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 168–187.
(In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2019-9-6-168-187

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