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APPLICATION OF THE THEORY OF PROTECTIVE RELATIONSHIPS TO PROTECT HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS PROTECTED BY THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION: HISTORICAL ASPECT

HISTORY OF THE CIVIL PROCEDURE


A.R. SULTANOV

A.R. SULTANOV,
Head of the Legal Department,
PJSC “Nizhnekamskneftekhim”, Member of Association
for Better Living and Education (ABLE)

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-2-159-181

In this article, the author examines in detail the retrospective aspect of the application of
the theory of protective legal relations through the prism of protecting rights and freedoms.
Analyzing this problem, the author puts forward the thesis that the doctrine of legal
relations, and their division into regulatory and protective, contains great potential for
solving a large number of practical issues that we sometimes try to solve, forgetting about
the functions of law. Another thesis raised in the framework of this study is designated
as the idea that the creation of interstate bodies for the protection of human rights was
based on the existence of a special protective legal relationship in which a citizen can act
as an equal opponent not only in a dispute with government bodies, but also with himself
by the state. Summing up, the author examines the experience of the Russian Federation
and points out that the Ministry of Justice has been entrusted with the task of monitoring
enforcement with a view to implementing the decisions of the Constitutional Court of the
Russian Federation and the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights, which
require adoption, amendment or recognition expired legislative and other regulatory legal
acts, as well as the coordinating function for the implementation of legal monitoring by
federal executive bodies in region and its methodological support.

Keywords: protection of human rights; protection of freedoms; European Convention;
protective legal relations; ECHR; judicial practice.

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Information about the author

A.R. Sultanov (Nizhnekamsk, Russia) – Head of the Legal Department, PJSC
“Nizhnekamskneftekhim”, Member of Association for Better Living and Education
(ABLE) (PJSC “Nizhnekamskneftekhim”, Nizhnekamsk, 423574, Russia; e-mail: aidar_
sult@mail.ru).

Recommended citation

Sultanov A.R. Primenenie teorii okhranitel’nykh pravootnoshenii k zashchite prav i svobod
cheloveka, zashchishchaemykh Evropeiskoi konventsiei: istoricheskii aspekt [Application
of the Theory of Protective Relationships to Protect Human Rights and Freedoms
Protected by the European Convention: Historical Aspect]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo
protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure, 2020, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 159–181. (In Russ.) https://
doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-2-159-181

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