Herald of Civil Procedure
EN
main-photo

We in a citing index:

THE MAIN APPROACHES TO THE CONSIDERATION OF LEGAL OPINIONS BY COURTS OF COUNTRIES OF GENERAL AND ROMANO-GERMANIC LAW

FOREIGN CIVIL PROCEDURE


A.A. SELKOVA

A.A. SELKOVA,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Deputy Director, State and International Law Institute,
Senior Lecturer, Department of Civil Procedure,
Ural State Law University

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-3-170-179

The author analyzes the amicus curiae institute, which is widely used in common law
countries. At the same time, the author also notes the tendency for more active application
of legal opinions in the courts of the countries with Romano-German legal system, despite
the uncertain status of legal opinions that are not recognized as evidence in the case. The
author points out the instability of judicial practice arising due to this fact: one part of the
judges refuses to attach legal opinions to the case materials; the other part of the judges
perceives the legal opinion as a document strengthening the argumentation of the party
and refers to it in the decision. The author considers the experience of different countries in
the regulation and application of legal opinions. In addition, the author pays attention to
some historical aspects of the development of the amicus curiae institute, which influenced
its further formation and distribution. The issue of the application of legal opinions by
international judicial institutions is also fully considered. The author highlights the role of
private non-governmental organizations in the process of emerging more active practice
of the legal opinions application. In addition, the author characterizes legal opinions as
a global trend for the convergence of legal systems, their mutual influence.

Keywords: legal opinions; evidence; amicus curiae; precedent; position on the case.

References

Keller H., Stone Sweet A. (eds.). A Europe of Rights: The Impact of the ECHR on
National Legal Systems. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. 892 p.
Bartholomeusz L. The Amicus Curiae before International Courts and Tribunals.
Non-State Actors & International Law, 2005, vol. 5, iss. 3, pp. 209–286.
Bjorklund K. The Emerging Civilization of Investment Arbitration. Penn State Law
Review, 2009, vol. 113, iss. 4, pp. 1269–1300.
Chan J. Amicus Curiae and Non-Party Intervention. Hong Kong Law Journal, 1997,
vol. 27. iss. 3, pp. 391–404.
Charnovitz S. Two Centuries of Participation: NGOs and International Governance.
Michigan Journal of International Law, 1997, vol. 18, iss. 2, pp. 184–286.
Chimni B.S. International Institutions Today: An Imperial Global State in the Making.
European Journal of International Law, 2004, vol. 15, iss. 1, pp. 1–37.
Coslin C., Lapillonne D. France and the Concept of Amicus Curiae: What Lies
Ahead? Paris International Litigation Bulletin, 2012, no. 4, pp. 14–15.
Duncan D. A Little Tour in France: Surrogate Motherhood and Amici Curiae in the
French Legal System. West State University Law Review, 1994, vol. 21, iss. 2, pp. 447–465.
Johnson L., Amerasinghe N. Protecting the Public Interest in International Dispute
Settlement: The Amicus Curiae Phenomenon. URL: https://www.ciel.org/Publications/
Protecting_ACP_Dec09.pdf.
Kearney J.D., Merrill T.W. The Influence of Amicus Curiae Briefs on the Court
Supreme. University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 2000, vol. 148, iss. 3, pp. 743–855.
Krislov S. The Amicus Curiae Brief: From Friendship to Advocacy. Yale Law Journal,
1963, vol. 72, iss. 4, pp. 694–721.
Levine E. Amicus Curiae in International Investment Arbitration: The Implications
of an Increase in Third-Party Participation. Berkley Journal of International Law, 2011,
vol. 29, iss. 1, pp. 200–224.
Merryman J., Pérez-Perdomo R. The Civil Law Tradition: An Introduction to the
Legal Systems of Europe and Latin America. 3rd ed. Stanford: Stanford University Press,
2007. 192 p.
Shelton D. The Participation of Nongovernmental Organizations in International Judicial
Proceedings. American Journal of International Law, 1994, vol. 88, iss. 4, pp. 611–642.
Umbricht G. An ‘Amicus Curiae Briefs’ on Amicus Curiae Briefs at the WTO. Journal
of International Economic Law, 2001, vol. 4, iss. 4, pp. 773–794.

Information about the author

A.A. Selkova (Yekaterinburg, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Deputy Director,
State and International Law Institute, Senior Lecturer, Department of Civil Procedure,
Ural State Law University (18 Nikolai Nikonov St., Yekaterinburg, 620027, Russia;
e-mail: beatrixkiddokill@yandex.ru).

Recommended citation

Selkova A.A. Osnovnye podkhody k rassmotreniiu pravovykh zakliuchenii sudami
stran obshchego i romano-germanskogo prava [The Main Approaches to the Consideration
of Legal Opinions by Courts of Countries of General and Romano-Germanic
Law]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure, 2020, vol. 10, no. 3,
pp. 170–179. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-3-170-179

 el_.png   it_.png   book.png

Keywords