Herald of Civil Procedure
EN
main-photo

We in a citing index:

ON JUDICIAL CUSTOMS AND JUDICIAL HABITS

JUDICIAL AUTHORITY AND PRACTICE


N.V. SAMSONOV

N.V. SAMSONOV,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Civil Procedure Law, Rostov Branch of Russian State
University of Justice

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-3-261-280

The article examines the relevance of regarding judicial customs and judicial habits as
sources (forms) of the Russian civil procedure law. The author points out that the use of the
term “custom” in jurisprudence without any additional specification is uncertain, hence in
this sphere it is necessary to apply the “legal (judicial) custom” notion. As for the conditions
required to consider a judicial custom as a source (a form) of law, those enumerated are
approval by the state, legal certainty and compliance with the law. Alongside this, acceptable
methods of approving customs are analyzed, and the necessity of setting judicial customs
apart from such phenomena as habits and introduced order is underlined. As a result,
the author draws the conclusion that in the Russian Federation there are no emerging
legal (judicial) customs which could become sources (forms) of civil procedure law, while
habits arising in courts should be taken not as a form of law, but as a probable basis for
appearance of new judicial norms and as a force having an influence on the creation of
a norm contained in enacted law.

Keywords: civil procedure; judicial custom; habits; sources of law; legal custom.

References

Alekseev S.S. Pravo: azbuka-teoriia-filosofiia: Opyt kompleksnogo issledovaniia [Law:
ABC-Theory-Philosophy: Comprehensive Study Experience]. Moscow: Statut, 1999.
710 p. (In Russ.)
Babaev V.K. (ed.). Teoriia gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik [Theory of State and Law:
Textbook]. Moscow: Iurist, 1999. 637 p. (In Russ.)
Bonner A.T. Izbrannye trudy. In 7 vols. T. 2: Istochniki grazhdanskogo protsessual’nogo
prava [Selected Works. In 7 vols. Vol. 2: Sources of Civil Procedural Law]. Moscow:
Prospekt, 2017. 352 p. (In Russ.)
Borisov A.B. Bol’shoi iuridicheskii slovar’ [Big Law Dictionary]. Moscow: Knizhnyi
mir, 2010. 848 p. (In Russ.)
Boshno S.V. Forma prava: teoretiko-pravovoe issledovanie: dis. … dokt. iurid. nauk
[Form of Law: Theoretical and Legal Research: Thesis for a Doctor Degree in Law Sciences].
Moscow, 2005. 440 p. (In Russ.)
Demichev A.A., Isaenkova O.V. Netraditsionnye istochniki grazhdanskogo
protsessual’nogo prava Rossii [Non-Traditional Sources of Civil Procedural Law of Russia].
ezh-Iurist – ej-Lawyer, 2006, no. 33. (In Russ.)
Drobyshevskii S.A., Dantseva T.N. Formal’nye istochniki prava [Formal Sources of
Law]. Moscow: Norma; Infra-M, 2011. 160 p. (In Russ.)
Ershov V.V. Pravovoe i individual’noe regulirovanie obshchestvennykh otnoshenii:
monografiia [Legal and Individual Regulation of Public Relations: Monograph]. Moscow:
Russian State University of Justice Publ., 2017. 628 s. (In Russ.)
Golunskii S.A. Obychai i pravo [Custom and Law]. Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo –
Soviet State and Law, 1939, no. 3, pp. 46–55. (In Russ.)
Golunskii S.A., Strogovich M.S. Teoriia gosudarstva i prava [Theory of State and
Law]. Moscow: Legal Publishing House of the People’s Commissariat of Justice of the
USSR, 1940. 304 p. (In Russ.)
Ilin I.A. Teoriia prava i gosudarstva [Theory of Law and State]. Moscow: Zertsalo,
2003. 156 p. (In Russ.)
Ioffe O.S., Shargorodskii M.D. Voprosy teorii prava [Law Theory Issues]. Moscow:
Gosiurizdat, 1961. 380 p. (In Russ.)
Kerimov D.A. Istochniki sovetskogo sotsialisticheskogo prava: dis. … kand. iurid. nauk
[Sources of Soviet Socialist Law: Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Law Sciences]. St.
Petersburg, 1950. 381 р.(In Russ.)
Khramov D.V. Netraditsionnye istochniki rossiiskogo chastnogo prava: obshcheteoreticheskii
aspekt: dis. … kand. iurid. nauk [Non-Traditional Sources of Russian Private
Law: General Theoretical Aspect: Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Law Sciences].
Saratov, 2010. 213 p. (In Russ.)
Khvostov V.M. Obshchaia teoriia prava. Elementarnyi ocherk [General Theory of Law.
Elementary Essay]. 6th ed. St. Petersburg: N.P. Karbasnikova, 1914. 160 p. (In Russ.)
Laptev V.A. Lokal’nyi pravovoi obychai kak istochnik regulirovaniia predprinimatel’skikh
otnoshenii [Local Legal Custom as a Source of Regulation of Business Relations]. Lex
Russica – Lex Russica, 2017, no. 4(125), pp. 110–119. (In Russ.)
Lazarev V.V. Probely v prave i puti ikh ustraneniia [Gaps in Law and Ways to Address
Them]. Moscow: Iuridicheskaia literatura, 1974. 184 p. (In Russ.)
Lisitsуn N.V. Obychai rossiiskogo prava: avtoref. dis. … kand. iurid. nauk [Customs
of Russian Law: Synopsis of a Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Law Sciences]. Moscow,
2010. 23 p. (In Russ.)
Maltsev G.V. Ocherk teorii obychaia i obychnogo prava [Essay on the Theory of Custom
and Customary Law]. In Obychnoe pravo v Rossii: problemy teorii, istorii i praktiki
[Customary Law in Russia: Problems of Theory, History and Practice]. Rostov-on-Don:
Publishing House of the North Caucasian Academy of Public Administration, 1999,
pp. 7–94. (In Russ.)
Malyshkin A.V. Obychai i traditsii v sudebnoi praktike sudov obshchei iurisdiktsii
[Customs and Traditions in the Judicial Practice of Courts of General Jurisdiction].
Rossiiskii sud’ia – Russian Judge, 2013, no. 3, pp. 6–10. (In Russ.)
Meier D.I. Russkoe grazhdanskoe pravo [Russian Civil Law]. St. Petersburg: Dvigatel
Printing House, 1914. 661 p. (In Russ.)
Mironova I.A. Pravovoi obychai kak istochnik sovremennogo publichnogo prava:
dis. … kand. iurid. nauk [Legal Custom as a Source of Modern Public Law: Thesis for
a Candidate Degree in Law Sciences]. Moscow, 2009. 198 p. (In Russ.)
Nebratenko G.G. Obychno-pravovaia sistema traditsionnogo obshchestva: avtoref. dis. …
dokt. iurid. nauk [The Customary Legal System of a Traditional Society: Synopsis of
a Thesis for a Doctor Degree in Law Sciences]. Makhachkala, 2011. 55 p. (In Russ.)
Neshataeva T.N. Resheniia Evropeiskogo suda po pravam cheloveka: novelly i vliianie
na zakonodatel’stvo i pravoprimenitel’nuiu praktiku: monografiia [Decisions of the European
Court of Human Rights: Novelties and Impact on Legislation and Law Enforcement
Practice: Monograph]. Moscow: Norma; Infra-M, 2013. 304 p. (In Russ.)
Pokrovskii I.A. Istoriia rimskogo prava [History of Roman Law]. St. Petersburg: Letnii
sad, 1999. 560 p. (In Russ.)
Rekhtina I.V., Kardashov M.V. Dinamika grazhdanskogo protsessual’nogo zakonodatel’stva
Rossii pod vozdeistviem postanovlenii Evropeiskogo suda po pravam cheloveka
[The Dynamics of the Civil Procedural Legislation of Russia Under the Influence of the
Rulings of the European Court of Human Rights]. Rossiiskaia iustitsiia – Russian Justice,
2011, no. 2, pp. 24–27. (In Russ.)
Saltykova S.А. Zarozhdenie drevnerusskogo prava [The Origin of Old Russian Law].
Rossiiskaia iustitsiia – Russian Justice, 1997, no. 1, pp. 43–55. (In Russ.)
Samsonov N.V. Istochniki grazhdanskogo protsessual’nogo prava v dorevoliutsionnoi
Rossii [Sources of Civil Procedural Law in Pre-Revolutionary Russia]. Vestnik Tomskogo
universiteta. Pravo – Herald of Tomsk University. Law, 2018, no. 27, pp. 138–148.
(In Russ.)
Samsonov N.V. K voprosu o meste i znachenii sudebnoi praktiki i sudebnogo pretsedenta
v otechestvennom grazhdanskom protsessual’nom prave [On the Place and Significance
of Judicial Practice and Judicial Precedent in Domestic Civil Procedural Law].
Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Pravo – Herald of St. Petersburg University.
Law, 2019, vol. 10, iss. 2, pp. 293–310. (In Russ.)
Samsonov N.V. Postanovleniia Plenuma Verkhovnogo Suda Rossiiskoi Federatsii kak
istochnik otechestvennogo grazhdanskogo protsessual’nogo prava [Decisions of the Plenum
of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation as a Source of Domestic Civil
Procedural Law]. Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki – Law. Journal of the Higher
School of Economics, 2019, vol. 10, iss. 2, pp. 139–162. (In Russ.)
Samsonov V.V. Sostiazatel’nost’ v grazhdanskom protsessual’nom prave: dis. … kand.
iurid. nauk [Contentiousness in Civil Procedural Law: Thesis for a Candidate Degree
in Law Sciences]. Saratov, 1999. 147 p. (In Russ.)
Shebanov A.F. Forma sovetskogo prava [Soviet Law Form]. Moscow: Iuridicheskaia
literatura, 1968. 213 p. (In Russ.)
Shershenevich G.F. Uchebnik russkogo grazhdanskogo prava (po izdaniiu 1907 g.) [Textbook
of Russian Civil Law (1907 Edition)]. Moscow: Spark, 1995. 556 p. (In Russ.)
Syrykh V.M. Teoriia gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik dlia vuzov [Theory of State and
Law: Textbook for Universities]. Moscow: Bylina, 1998. 512 p. (In Russ.)
Tokarev B.Ia. Sovetskoe pravo i obychai v ikh sviazi i razvitii: avtoref. dis. … kand.
iurid. nauk [Soviet Law and Customs in Their Connection and Development: Synopsis
of a Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Law Sciences]. Saratov, 1970. 15 р. (In Russ.)
Treushnikov M.K. (ed.). Grazhdanskii protsess: uchebnik [Civil Procedure: Textbook].
6th ed. Moscow: Gorodets, 2019. 432 p. (In Russ.)
Trofimov Ia.V. Pravovoi obychai i grazhdanskoe sudoproizvodstvo v sovremennoi
Rossii [Legal Custom and Civil Proceedings in Modern Russia]. Mirovoi sud’ia – Justice
of the Peace, 2012, no. 3, pp. 17–19. (In Russ.)
Vaskovskii E.V. Uchebnik grazhdanskogo protsessa [Textbook of Civil Procedure].
Moscow: Edition of the Bashmakov Brothers, 1914. 572 p. (In Russ.)
Vylegzhanin A.N., Kalamkarian R.A. Znachenie mezhdunarodnogo obychaia v sovremennom
mezhdunarodnom prave [The Value of International Custom in Modern International
Law]. Moskovskii zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava – Moscow Journal of International
Law, 2012, no. 2, pp. 5–29. (In Russ.)
Zakharova T.A. Obychai korennykh malochislennykh narodov i federal’noe zakonodatel’stvo
[Customs of Indigenous Peoples and Federal Law]. Zhurnal rossiiskogo prava –
Journal of Russian Law, 2018, no. 4, pp. 26–34. (In Russ.)
Zhevak I.I. Osushchestvlenie sub’ektivnykh protsessual’nykh prav v svete novykh istochnikov
grazhdanskogo protsessual’nogo prava [The Exercise of Subjective Procedural
Rights in the Light of New Sources of Civil Procedural Law]. Arbitrazhnyi i grazhdanskii
protsess – Arbitration and Civil Procedure, 2013, no. 3, pp. 12–16. (In Russ.)

Information about the author

N.V. Samsonov (Rostov-on-Don, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate
Professor, Department of Civil Procedure Law, Rostov Branch of Russian State Univer-
sity of Justice (8-10 Solianoi Spusk St., Rostov-on-Don, 344002, Russia; e-mail: nsamsonov@
yandex.ru).

Recommended citation

Samsonov N.V. K voprosu o sudebnykh obychaiakh i obyknoveniiakh [On Judicial
Customs and Judicial Habits]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure,
2020, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 261–280. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-
2020-10-3-261-280

 el_.png   it_.png   book.png

Keywords