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ON THE MECHANISM FOR DETERMINING THE SUBJECT OF EVIDENCE IN CIVIL PROCEEDINGS

PROBLEMS OF CIVIL PROCEDURE


E.A. NAKHOVA

E.A. NAKHOVA,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Business Law Department,
St. Petersburg Institute (Branch) of All-Russian State University of Justice

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-3-89-99

The article discusses the mechanism for determining the subject of proof in civil proceedings.
The author comes to the conclusion that there is no proper mechanism for determining
the subject of proof taking into account the specifics of the structure of the substantive law,
the characteristics of the actual composition of the individual relations and legal facts.
A significant number of situational rules in substantive law and causes the complexity of
determining the subject of proof, when the court must determine the facts sought, taking
into account the specific circumstances of the case. In this case, concretization is a way of
applying situational norms. The degree of certainty of the legal norm determines the amount
of concretization of the actual composition (alternative, optional, situational compositions
with a concretizer element correspond to the division of legal norms into alternative, optional,
situational norms). The thoroughness of judicial knowledge of the claims and objections of
the persons participating in the case is due to the fact that the claims and objections of the
persons participating in the case are taken into account by the court when determining
the subject of evidence in the case. The author comes to the conclusion that in the current
procedural legislation it is necessary to fix the mechanism for determining the subject of proof,
the local subject of proof, general and specific rules for the distribution of duties of proof. The
presence of individually determined facts in substantive law, as well as compositions with
a concretizer element, since substantive law abounds in situational norms, determines the
development of a mechanism for determining the subject of proof, taking into account the
specific circumstances of the case under consideration.

Keywords: civil proceedings; subject of proof; judicial knowledge; mechanism for determining
the subject of proof.

References

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Information about the author

E.A. Nakhova (Saint Petersburg, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate
Professor, Business Law Department, St. Petersburg Institute (Branch) of All-Russian
State University of Justice (19A 10th Line of the Vasilyevsky Island, St. Petersburg,
199178, Russia; e-mail: nahova.elena@yandex.ru).

Recommended citation

Nakhova E.A. K voprosu o mekhanizme opredeleniia predmeta dokazyvaniia v grazhdanskom
sudoproizvodstve [On the Mechanism for Determining the Subject of Evidence
in Civil Proceedings]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure,
2020, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 89–99. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-
3-89-99

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Keywords