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Notarial Act in the Judicial Proving of Civil Cases: A Historical and Theoretical Essay


V.V. Argunov

Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department 
of Civil Procedure of the Law Faculty of the Lomonosov Moscow State University 

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-6-130-148

The article deals with the basics of using notarized documents as special judicial evidence in civil cases. The author turns to history and gives historical and theoretical essay, relating notaries and judicial system: a notary, like a court, should establish the true intentions and will of the participants of notarial proceedings, contributing to the protection of their rights (legitimate interests), as well as the rule of law and public order in society; a notary is obliged to establish legal facts when reviewing and managing cases falling within his/her competence; evidential activity in notarial proceedings is possible, but in comparison with judicial proof, it is limited to a narrow scope. The author wonders whether the notary rule excludes the need for further proof of legal evidence of the same facts in court if the subject of a dispute was issued by a notary, or whether it just «supplements» qualified written proof. According to the contemporary principles of the rule of law, here is only the one answer: the final assessment of evidence and conclusions about the presence or absence of specific legal facts on the case is the exclusive prerogative of the court; and the notarial service and the court can only exist together regarding proceedings of getting proofs. 

Keywords: civil proceeding; notary; notarial act (document); judicial evidence; evaluation of evidence 


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Information about the author 

Argunov V.V. (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Civil Procedure of the Law Faculty of the Lomonosov Moscow State University (119991, GSP-1, Moscow, Leninskie Gory, Bldg. 13-14; e-mail: argunov@mail.ru). 

Recommended citation 

Argunov V.V. Notarial’nyj akt v sudebnom dokazyvanii po grazhdanskim delam: istoriko- teoreticheskij ocherk [Notarial Act in the Judicial Proving of Civil Cases: A Historical and Theoretical Essay]. Вестник гражданского процесса = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2017, no. 6, p. 130–148. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-6-130-148

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