Herald of Civil Procedure

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Assistant of the Department of Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics
of the Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University

In the article the author made an attempt to analyze theoretical and practical aspects of
use of electronic documents at the evidence procedure in criminal and civil procedure. The
author identifies the main issues of using electronic documents as evidence, which form
three blocks: the normative description of the form and format of an electronic document in
order to guarantee the uniqueness of its perception in various situations; use of an electronic
document as evidence; distribution of responsibility between the participants of electronic
exchange. It is specified the importance of authentication of the electronic document which
is carried out by means of verification of the electronic sign-code signature. The author
defines expediency of development of the mechanism obligatory reserve copying withdrawn
within investigative actions and law-enforcement procedures of electronic documents on the
server which is under control of the independent third party. In conclusion the author offers
to make additions to standards of the civil procedural and criminal procedural legislation
and to develop the special standards devoted to an order of providing and submission of
electronic textual proofs which would provide including an opportunity for the person
concerning whom the procedure of criminal or civil proceedings is excited to submit the
copies of electronic documents which are the evidence in the case.

Keywords: electronic document; evidence; proof; criminal procedure; civil procedure.


Balashov A., Leykand E. Problemy ispol’zovaniya elektronnykh dokazatel’stv v arbitrazhnom
i grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstvakh [Problems of Using Electronic Evidence
in Arbitration and Civil Proceedings]. Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij protsess = Arbitration
and Civil Procedure, 2009, no. 6. (In Russian)
Budylin S.L. Elektronnoe soobshchenie kak dokument i dokazatel’stvo [E-Mail as
a Document and an Evidence]. SPS «ConsultantPlus», 2014. (In Russian)
Vasilchenko V.A.. Elektronnyj dokument kak element pravovoj sistemy [Electronic
Document as an Element of the Legal System]. Krymskij akademicheskij vestnik = Crimean
Academic Bulletin, 2017, no. 2. (In Russian)
Vorozhbit S.V. Elektronnye sredstva dokazyvaniya v grazhdanskom i arbitrazhnom
protsesse: Dis. … kand. yurid. nauk [Electronic Evidence in Civil and Arbitration
Procedure: Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Law Sciences]. St. Petersburg, 2011.
(In Russian)
Zigura N.A. Komp’yuternaya informatsiya kak vid dokazatel’stv v ugolovnom protsesse
Rossii: Dis. … kand. yurid. nauk [Cyber Information as a Type of Evidence in Criminal
Procedure in Russia: Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Law Sciences]. Chelyabinsk,
2010. (In Russian)
Sheyfer S.A. Dokazatel’stva i dokazyvanie po ugolovnym delam: problemy teorii i pravovogo
regulirovaniya [Evidence and Proof in Criminal Cases: Problems of Theory and
Legal Regulation]. Moscow, 2008. (In Russian)

Information about the author

Burganova G.V. (Kazan, Russia) – Assistant of the Department of Criminal Procedure
and Criminalistics of the Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University (18 Kremlyovskaya
St., Kazan, 420008, Russia; e-mail: miss.burganova2011@yandex.ru).

Recommended citation

Burganova G.V. Ispol’zovanie elektronnykh dokumentov v kachestve dokazatel’stv
v ugolovnom i grazhdanskom protsesse [Using of Electronic Documents as Evidences
in Criminal and Civil Procedure]. Вестник гражданского процесса = Herald of Civil
Procedure, 2019, no. 1, p. 354–361. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2019-9-1-

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