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Judgments of the European Court of Human Rights as a Soft Law

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M.Ya. Lubchenko

M.Ya. Lubchenko, 
Senior Lecturer of the Department of Civil Procedure 
of the Siberian Federal University 

The author concludes that judgments of the ECHR are acts of «soft law». They are considered legislator and national courts in specific procedural relations. However legal positions of the ECHR can’t be considered without analyses national procedural law in relation to idea of justice which is fastened in Article 6 of the Convention. The legal instrument, which shows interaction of the ECHR and national jurisdictions are principle of margin of appreciation. The author expresses scholars’ positions on the legal force of the ECHR judgments and emphasizes three main conceptions about the essence of legal nature of the ECHR judgments: a) the ECHR judgment – act of justice; b) the ECHR judgment – judicial precedent, i.e. source of civil and arbitration procedural law; c) the ECHR judgment – act of official interpretation of the Convention. The author proves opinion that there are weighty arguments not to share the given positions; the legal nature of the Court’s activities is predetermined soft-legal value. 

Keywords: ECHR; soft law; margin of appreciation principle; legal nature of the ECHR judgments.

References 

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Gromoshina N.A., Ostroumov A.A., Strel’tsova E.G. Sushchestvuet li protivorechie mezhdu p. 3 i p. 4 ch. 4 st. 392 GPK RF? (Vozmozhna li konkurentsiya mezhdu postanovleniyami ESPCh i postanovleniyami KS RF, vynesennymi po voprosu primeneniya rossijskimi sudami konkretnoj normy v ramkah odnogo i togo zhe dela (na primere dela Markina)?) [Is There a Contradiction between Paras. 3 and 4 Part 4 Art. 392 CPC RF? (Is Competition Possible between Judgments of the ECHR and the CC RF, Have Been Taken on the Issue of Application by Russian Courts Specific Rules within the Same Case (for Example of Case of Markin)?)]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2014, no. 3. (In Russian) 
Guzman A.T., Meyer T.L. International Soft Law. Journal of Legal Analysis, 2010, vol. 2, no. 1. 

Information about the author 

Lubchenko M.Ya. (Krasnoyarsk, Russia) – Senior Lecturer of the Department of Civil Procedure of the Siberian Federal University (660041, Krasnoyarsk, Maierchaka St., 6, room 205; e-mail: m.ya.lyubchenko@yandex.ru). 

Recommended citation 

Lubchenko M.Ya. Postanovleniya Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka kak «myagkoe pravo» (soft law) [Judgments of the European Court of Human Rights as a Soft Law]. Вестник гражданского процесса = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2017, no. 3, p. 256–270. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-3-256-270

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