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EVIDENCE IN CIVIL CASES CONSIDERING PERSONAL FAMILY RELATIONS: CHALLENGES OF THE GENRE

PROBLEMS OF CIVIL PROCEDURE


N.N. TARUSINA

N.N. TARUSINA,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Professor,
Head of the Department of Social and Family Law, Dean of the Faculty of Law
of the P.G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University,
Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation

The article considers the recent tendencies of forensic knowledge and evidentiary activity
in cases with personal family legal relations. The author analyses the prerequisites that
predetermine these trends as well as the specifics of proof in family affairs in general, summarizes
and analyses relevant specifics of establishing the subject of proof, establishment
and evaluation of evidence facts in marriage nullity suits, the dissolution of marriage,
establishment of extramarital paternity and recognition of parental rights in cases of the
use of assisted reproductive technologies (surrogate motherhood programs), disputes on
the child’s place of residence and procedure for communicating with the child, limiting
and depriving of parental rights, establishing and abolishing adoption. The legal positions
of the highest judicial instances (the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, the
Supreme Court of the Russian Federation) and the applied technologies of judicial discretion
and judicial activism are analyzed. The article provides samples of de facto judicial
practice and suggestions to optimize the law-enforcement, including evidentiary, activity
of courts in considering cases on personal family legal relations, as well as the need to transfer
some of their legal positions to the domain of legal regulatory acts through implementation
of the right to legislative initiative.

Keywords: court; family cases; subject of proof; evidence facts; legal position; legislative
initiative.

References

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Information about the author

Tarusina N.N. (Yaroslavl, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head of
the Department of Social and Family Law, Dean of the Faculty of Law of the P.G. Demidov
Yaroslavl State University, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation (14 Sovetskaya
St., Yaroslavl, 150003, Russia; e-mail: nant@uniyar.ac.ru).

Recommended citation

Tarusina N.N. Dokazyvanie po grazhdanskim delam iz lichnykh semejnykh pravootnoshenij:
trudnosti zhanra [Evidence in Civil Cases Considering Personal Family Relations:
Challenges of the Genre]. Вестник гражданского процесса = Herald of Civil
Procedure, 2019, no. 1, p. 254–273. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2019-9-1-
254-273

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