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Evidence Falsification as a Ground for Court Decision Review on Newly Discovered Facts

PROBLEMS OF CIVIL PROCEDURE


Yu.A. Timofeev, N.V. Popov

Yu.A. TIMOFEEV, 
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department 
of Civil Procedure of the Ural State Law University 

N.V. POPOV, 
Legal Practitioner, Master Student of the Ural State Law University 

When examining a case, the court assesses the relevance, admissibility, reliability of each proof separately, as well as the residual and interdependence of evidence. Reliability is one of the fundamental requirements for evidence. The article considers evidence falsification as a ground for court decision review on newly discovered facts in relation to the other ground for the review which is parties’ and other participants’ of the case crimes. The authors substantiate the necessity of the evidence falsification review ground clarification in order for it not to be mixed up with the other ground for the review. The review of the court decision based on falsified evidence shouldn’t depend on who has falsified the evidence and who has introduced it in. The only fact that matters due to the review possibility is unreliability of evidence on which the court decision is based. The current regulation of the ground for court decision review under consideration substantially narrows the scope of its implementation in case of falsifying an evidence and introducing it in by a nonparticipant of the case. 

Keywords: civil procedure; state arbitration procedure; review on newly discovered facts; evidence falsification; evidence reliability; corpus delicti. 

References 

Borisova E.A. (ed.). Proverka sudebnykh postanovlenij v grazhdanskom protsesse stran ES i SNG: Monografiya [Review of Judgements in Civil Procedure of the EU and the CIS Countries: Monograph]. 2nd ed. Moscow, 2012. (In Russian) 
Brilliantov A.V. (ed.). Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federatsii. V 2 t. (postatejnyj). T. 2 [Commentary to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. In 2 vol. (Clause-by-Clause). Vol. 2]. 2nd ed. Moscow, 2015. (In Russian)
Terekhova L.A. Novye i vnov’ otkryvshiesya obstoyatel’stva v grazhdanskom i administrativnom sudoproizvodstve [New and Newly Discovered Facts and Civil and Administrative Proceedings]. Moscow, 2017. (In Russian) 
Terekhova L.A. Sistema peresmotra sudebnykh aktov v mekhanizme sudebnoj zashchity [The System of Judicial Acts Review in the Judicial Protection Mechanism]. Moscow, 2007. (In Russian) 
Zabramnaya N.Yu. Institut peresmotra vstupivshikh v zakonnuyu silu sudebnykh postanovlenij po vnov’ otkryvshimsya ili novym obstoyatel’stvam v grazhdanskom protsesse: istoriya i sovremennost’ [The Institution of Entered into Force Court Decisions Review on Newly Discovered Facts in Civil Procedure: History and Contemporaneity]. Zakonodatel’stvo i ekonomika = Legislation and Economics, 2014, no. 3. (In Russian) 

Information about the authors 

Timofeev Yu.A. (Yekaterinburg, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Civil Procedure of the Ural State Law University (620137, Yekaterinburg, Komsomolskaya St., 21, Room 404; e-mail: kafedra.gp@gmail.com); 

Popov N.V. (Yekaterinburg, Russia) – Legal Practitioner, Master Student of the Ural State Law University (620137, Yekaterinburg, Komsomolskaya St., 21, Room 404; e-mail: kafedra.gp@gmail.com). 

Recommended citation 

Timofeev Yu.A., Popov N.V. Podlozhnost’ dokazatel’stva kak osnovanie dlya peresmotra po vnov’ otkryvshimsya obstoyatel’stvam [Evidence Falsification as a Ground for Court Decision Review on Newly Discovered Facts]. Вестник гражданского процесса = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2018, no. 2, p. 137–144. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226- 0781-2018-8-2-137-144

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