Herald of Civil Procedure

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Candidate of Legal Sciences,
Associate Professor of the Department of Civil Procedure of the Law Faculty
of the Lomonosov Moscow State University

Candidate of Legal Sciences, Senior Researcher of the Department
of Civil Legislation and Procedure of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law
under the Government of the Russian Federation

The article analyzes the theory basis of weighing the evidence in common law and continental
law judicial tradition, its historical development and influence on the proof in modern
civil procedure in Russia. The study compares approaches to weighing the evidence in the
continental law tradition, based on the judicial free inner conviction, as well as in the
common law tradition, which is characterized by different standards of proof in civil and
criminal cases. The article substantiates the system of weighing the evidence adopted in
domestic law based on the synthesis of continental and common law in conjunction with
the principles of socialist justice in civil and criminal cases. The paper offers a review of
the current doctrine approaches and judicial practice in common law and continental
law countries regarding the criteria for weighing the evidence and determining the limits
of probability of judicial decisions. The differences in the content of the Anglo-American
standards of proof and legal rules for weighing the evidence in some countries of the
continental legal tradition, as well as in Russia, are not significant. Everything is determined
by the subjective theory of weighing the evidence. The level of judicial knowledge in civil
procedure may be lower than in criminal procedure, but this does not mean that there is no
need to increase it. The article revealed the prospects for establishing the limits of judicial
evidence sifting in terms of the weight of facts and the depth of knowledge.

Keywords: evidence; proof; weighing the evidence; relevance; admissibility; credibility;
sufficiency; standards of proof.


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Information about the author

Argunov V.V. (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor
of the Department of Civil Procedure of the Law Faculty of the Lomonosov Moscow
State University (1, Bldg. 13-14 Leninskie Gory, GSP-1, Moscow, 119991, Russia;
e-mail: argunov@mail.ru);
Dolova M.O. (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Senior Researcher
of the Department of Civil Legislation and Procedure of the Institute of Legislation and
Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation (34 Bolshaya Cheryomushkinskaya
St., Moscow, 117218, Russia; e-mail: dolovamaria@mail.ru).

Recommended citation

Argunov V.V., Dolova M.O. O tak nazyvaemykh standartakh dokazyvaniya
primenitel’no k otechestvennomu sudoproizvodstvu [On the So-Called Standards of Proof
in the Context of the Domestic Judicial Procedure]. Вестник гражданского процесса =
Herald of Civil Procedure, 2019, no. 2, p. 76–104. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-

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