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PROCEDURAL ESTOPPEL IN THE PRACTICE OF RUSSIAN COURTS (EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS)

PROBLEMS OF CIVIL PROCEDURE


D.B. VOLODARSKY, I.N. KASHKAROVA

D.B. VOLODARSKY,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Civil Procedure
of Saint Petersburg State University

I.N. KASHKAROVA,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Civil Procedure
of Saint Petersburg State University

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2019-9-5-61-110

There has been a clear tendency of judicial acts to appeal to the doctrine of estoppel,
which is considered as a consequence or one of the manifestations of the principle of good
faith. The authors of the article consider current judicial practice of using the estoppel
rule regarding the rules of Russian procedural law, so-called “procedural estoppel”. The
article analyses the most common cases when courts apply the estoppel rule; considers
normative substantiation of the possibility of applying the doctrine in judicial acts. It raises
the question of the appropriateness of introducing the term “estoppel” into jurisprudence in
Russia, as it is appropriate in doctrine but people do not understand it in legislation and
judicial practice, scholars say it should be avoided there. Besides, the procedural estoppel
is still in the process of formation now. In the final part of the study, the authors consider
the conditions necessary for the court to use the estoppel mechanism, in particular, which
of the constituent elements really are actually established by the courts in the application
of the procedural estoppel, which can only be presumed, presumed, and which are not
considered necessary.

Keywords: estoppel; good faith; denial; civil legal proceedings; procedural behavior;
procedural risk.

References

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Information about the author

Volodarsky D.B. (Saint Petersburg, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate
Professor of the Department of Civil Procedure of Saint Petersburg State University
(7/9 Universitetskaya Emb., Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russia; e-mail: d.volodarsky@
spbu.ru);

Kashkarova I.N. (Saint Petersburg, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate
Professor of the Department of Civil Procedure of Saint Petersburg State University
(7/9 Universitetskaya Emb., Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russia; e-mail: i.kashkarova@
spbu.ru).

Recommended citation

Volodarsky D.B., Kashkarova I.N. Procedural Estoppel in the Practice of Russian
Courts (Empirical Analysis). Herald of Civil Procedure, 2019, vol. 9, no. 5, p. 61–110.
(In Russian) https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2019-9-5-61-110

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