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Rules of Operation of Civil Procedure Law in Time

S.A. Dergachev, 
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Civil, 
Arbitration and Administrative Procedural Law of the Russian State University of Justice 

The author offers a list of rules of operation of civil procedural law in time. The author’s approach in civil process relations is based on the rule of «action of abolished law in the future»: law, which was abolished, remains in effect until the court make a decision for applications, filed on the basis of abolished rules. The question about the time of operation of procedural law is reduced in the scientific literature to the rule of prohibition «retroactivity of law». This rule is interpreted uniformly by most of authors: regardless of the time of initiation of proceedings at commission of any proceedings it is necessary to apply the legislation existing at the time of the commission of these actions, except in cases provided by relevant federal laws. For example, in the pre-revolutionary period scientists did not mention such a rule of law as «the time of consideration and resolution of the case». The moment of determining the applicable procedural law was the time of the procedural action. It is necessary to distinguish two sides of procedural law in verifying instances: in respect to the verification instance of the court and in respect of the lower court. In respect to the verification instance of the court the general rule shall apply – the law, existing at the time of commission of proceedings by the verification instance of the court (that is the time of the trial in the verification instance of the court). And procedural rules that were in effect during proceedings at the first instance, rather than at the time of the review of this decision, are applied with regard to the lower court. 

Keywords: sources of civil procedural law; changes in procedural law; operation of procedural law in time; action of abolished law in the future; retroactive force of law.

References

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Information about the author

Dergachev S.A. (Moscow) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Civil, Arbitration and Administrative Procedural Law of the Rus- sian State University of Justice (117418, Moscow, Novocheriomushkinskaya st., 69, Bldg. «A»; e-mail: raj-priem@mail.ru).


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S.A. Dergachev