Herald of Civil Procedure
EN
main-photo

We in a citing index:

ELECTRONIC EVIDENCE IN THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL LAW PROCEEDINGS

ELECTRONIC EVIDENCE
IN THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL LAW PROCEEDINGS

А.I. GROYSBERG,
Candidate of Legal Sciences,
Dean of the Social and Humanities Faculty of the National Research University
Higher School of Economics

Implementation of information systems and technologies successfully solves the problem
of judicial protection being really affordable way to protect rights. But the practical
implementation of technologies is going faster than the corresponding relations receive their
theoretical substantiation and legal regulation, and the legal nature of electronic evidence
is currently causing controversy in the scientific community. The article explores theoretical
and practical issues of using electronic evidence in the activities of Courts – documents
and materials that do not exist in material form, but are files of various types. The legal
nature of electronic evidence and its difference from written and material evidence are
analyzed in the article. The problem of the reliability of electronic evidence, as well as the
practice of General Courts and State Arbitration Courts to establish the reliability of such
evidence is considered. A classification of electronic evidence is presented, depending on
the availability of free access to them by the Court and the participants in the process,
and certain types of electronic evidence are analyzed, including log-files and metadata as
evidence that can be used in Court to confirm other evidence.

Keywords: evidence; electronic evidence; reliability of evidence; modes of proof; e-justice.

References

Begichev A.V. Elektronnye dokazatel’stva i sposoby ikh fiksatsii notariusom [Electronic
Proofs and Ways of Their Fixation by a Notary]. Notarius = Notary, 2014, no. 5.
(In Russian)
Bonner A.T. Traditsionnye i netraditsionnye sredstva dokazyvaniya v grazhdanskom
i arbitrazhnom protsesse [Traditional and Non-Traditional Means of Proving in Civil
and Arbitration Procedure]. Moscow, 2013. (In Russian)
Budylin S.L. Elektronnoe soobshchenie kak dokument i dokazatel’stvo [Electronic Message
as a Document and Proof]. Zakon = Law, 2014, no. 10. (In Russian)
Feizulla-Zade A.Yu. Dopustimost’ elektronnykh sredstv dokazyvaniya v grazhdanskom
sudoproizvodstve [Admissibility of Electronic Means of Evidence in Civil Proceedings].
Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij protsess = Arbitration and Civil Procedure, 2018,
no. 6. (In Russian)
Gorelov M.V. Elektronnye dokazatel’stva v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve Rossii:
voprosy teorii i praktiki: Dis. … kand. yurid. nauk [Electronic Evidence in Civil Legal
Proceedings in Russia: Issues of Theory and Practice: Thesis for a Candidate Degree in
Law Sciences]. Yekaterinburg, 2005. (In Russian)
Khisamov A.Kh. Tendentsii integratsii informatsionnykh tekhnologij v tsivilisticheskij
protsess [Tendencies of Integration of Information Technologies in Civil Procedure].
Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2018, no. 1. (In Russian)
Laptev V.A. Elektronnye dokazatel’stva v arbitrazhnom protsesse [Electronic Evidence in
Arbitration Procedure]. Rossijskaya yustitsiya = Russian Justice, 2017, no. 2. (In Russian)
Mason S., Rasmussen U. The Use of Electronic Evidence in Civil and Administrative
Law Proceedings and Its Effect on the Rules of Evidence and Modes of Proof: A Comparative
Study and Analysis. Strasbourg, 27 July 2016 (https://rm.coe.int/1680700298).
Nakhova E.A. Problemy elektronnykh dokazatel’stv v tsivilisticheskom protsesse [Problems
of Electronic Evidence in Civil Procedure]. Leningradskij yuridicheskij zhurnal =
Leningrad Law Journal, 2015, no. 4. (In Russian)
Nakhova E.A. Problemy primeneniya elektronnykh dokazatel’stv v tsivilisticheskom
protsesse i administrativnom sudoproizvodstve [Problems of the Application of Electronic
Evidence in Civil Procedure and Administrative Proceedings]. Zakon = Law,
2018, no. 4. (In Russian)
Polyakova V.E. Otkrytye dannye v seti Internet [Open Data on the Internet]. SPS “ConsultantPlus”.
(In Russian)
Rozhkova M.A. (ed.). Pravo v sfere Interneta: Sbornik statej [Law in the Internet:
Collection of Articles]. Moscow, 2018. (In Russian)
Saveliev, Batanov & Partners. Analiz ispol’zovaniya v kachestve dokazatel’stv elektronnoj
perepiski [Analysis of the Use of Electronic Correspondence as Evidence] (https://
m-logos.ru/img/KS_11122017_perepiska.pdf). (In Russian)
Smolensky I.N. Identifikatsiya litsa (sub’ekta arbitrazhnogo protsessa) v elektronnom
pravosudii [Identification of the Person (Subject of Arbitration Procedure) in Electronic
Justice]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2018, no. 1.
(In Russian)
Valeev D.Kh. Izveshcheniya i vyzovy v ispolnitel’nom proizvodstve [Notices and Challenges
in Enforcement Proceedings]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil
Procedure, 2011, no. 1. (In Russian)
Vershinin A.P. Elektronnyj dokument: pravovaya forma i dokazatel’stvo v sude: Uchebno-
prakticheskoe posobie [The Electronic Document: The Legal Form and the Proof in
Court: Textbook]. Moscow, 2000. (In Russian)
Vorozhbit S.P. Elektronnye sredstva dokazyvaniya v grazhdanskom i arbitrazhnom
protsesse: Dis. … kand. yurid. nauk [Electronic Means of Proving in Civil and Arbitration
Procedure: Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Law Sciences]. St. Petersburg, 2011.
(In Russian)

Information about the author

Groysberg А.I. (Perm, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Dean of the Social and
Humanities Faculty of the National Research University Higher School of Economics
(38 Studencheskaya St., Perm, 614070, Russia; e-mail: anna-groisberg@yandex.ru).

Recommended citation

Groysberg А.I. Elektronnye dokzatel’stva v sisteme pravosudiya po grazhdanskim
delam [Electronic Evidence in the System of Civil Law Proceedings]. Вестник граж-
данского процесса = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2019, no. 2, p. 55–75. (In Russian) DOI:
10.24031/2226-0781-2019-9-2-55-75

el_.png   it_.png   book.png

А.I. GROYSBERG