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SOME ISSUES OF EVALUATION OF DIGITAL EVIDENCES IN CIVIL PROCEDURE

SOME ISSUES
OF EVALUATION OF DIGITAL EVIDENCES
IN CIVIL PROCEDURE

N.V. SAMSONOV,
Candidate of Legal Sciences,
Associate Professor of the Department of Civil Procedural Law of the Rostov Branch
of the Russian State University of Justice

The article deals with the issues of legal regulation of the order of examination of digital
evidence in civil procedure. It gives an actual example that illustrates the unpreparedness of
the judges to evaluate the digital world reality, their inability to establish the facts of the case
that takes place in digital world, electronic networks, their unpreparedness to substantiate
facts connected with the appearance of digital clones of the citizens (virtual taxpayers in
the example given), as well as to make a proper investigation of the evidence that proves
the stated circumstances because of the lack of proper legislative reglamentation of the
procedure of assessment of digital evidence. It is concluded that the norms embodied in
the current legislation do not possess the full regulation of “digital justice” that is to a large
extant regulated by the acts that are not acknowledged as sources of law. Due to this fact,
the author states and proves the necessity of including the new acts to the system of sources
of Russian procedural law, comes up with suggestions about defining the order of their
adoption and the sphere of their regulation that should include the issues of regulation of
the order of addiction and evaluation of digital evidence, in order to eliminate the conflict
between the procedural law and existing legal reality.

Keywords: civil procedure; sources of procedural law; acts of the supreme courts; digital
evidence; digital justice.

References

Bonner А.T. Dokazatel’stvennoe znachenie informatsii, poluchennoj iz Interneta [Evidence
of Information Obtained from the Internet]. Zakon = Law, 2007, no. 12. (In
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Branovitsky K.L., Rents I.G., Neznamov Аl.V., Neznamov Аn.V., Yarkov V.V. Tsifrovye
tekhnologii i tsivilisticheskij protsess: problemy vzaimovliyaniya [Digital Technologies
and Civil Procedure: Problems of Mutual Influence]. Herald of the Euro-Asian
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protsess [Trends in the Integration of Information Technology in Civil Procedure]. Vestnik
grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2018, no. 1. (In Russian)
Moshkov E.А. Ponyatie elektronnogo dokumenta i ego primenenie v kachestve
dokazatel’stva v grazhdanskom i arbitrazhnom sudoproizvodstve Rossijskoj Federatsii [The
Concept of an Electronic Document and Its Use as Evidence in Civil and Arbitration
Proceedings of the Russian Federation]. Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij protsess = Arbitration
and Civil Procedure, 2016, no. 9. (In Russian)
Vaskovsky E.V. Kurs grazhdanskogo protsessa: sub’ekty i ob’ekty protsessa, protsessual’nye
otnosheniya i dejstviya [Course of Civil Procedure: Subjects and Objects of the Process,
Procedural Relations and Actions]. Moscow, 2016. (In Russian)
Yarkov V.V. Elektronnoe pravosudie [E-Justice]. ezh-Yurist = ej-Lawyer, 2006, no. 41.
(In Russian)

Information about the author

Samsonov N.V. (Rostov, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor
of the Department of Civil Procedural Law of the Rostov Branch of the Russian State
University of Justice (8-10 Solyanoy spusk, Rostov-on-Don, 344007, Russia; e-mail:
nsamsonov@yandex.ru).

Recommended citation

Samsonov N.V. Nekotorye voprosy otsenki electronnykh dokazatel’stv v tsivilisticheskom
protsesse [Some Issues of Evaluation of Digital Evidences in Civil Procedure]. Вестник
гражданского процесса = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2019, no. 2, p. 40–54. (In Russian)
DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2019-9-2-40-54

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N.V. SAMSONOV