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ADVANCE (PREVENTIVE) RECOGNITION (NON-RECOGNITION) OF FOREIGN JUDGMENTS UNDER ARTICLE 24 OF THE 1996 HAGUE CONVENTION

HISTORY OF THE CIVIL PROCEDURE


M.L. SHELYUTTO

M.L. SHELYUTTO,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Leading Research Fellow,
Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government
of the Russian Federation

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-5-180-198

On 1 June 2013 the 1996 Hague Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition,
Enforcement and Co-operation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the
Protection of Children came into force. It provides for the recognition and enforcement of
foreign measures for the protection of a child or his or her property. One of the original
provisions previously not found in the international treaties of the Russian Federation is the
possibility of preventive recognition of a foreign measure, which may require enforcement in
the future (Art. 24). This option differs from objections against recognition known to Russian
law and may be useful in international relocation cases and for cross-border contacts with
a child. The article reveals the essence and significance of preventive recognition (nonrecognition).
However, the implementation of the Convention in Russia, unlike some other
States parties, was reduced to the designation of a Central Authority. Russian civil procedural
legislation was not amended. This raises issues concerning the application of the mechanism
set down in Article 24 of the Convention. The author proposes to apply mutatis mutandis
the provisions of Chapter 45 of the Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation and to
grant an exequatur in simple procedure taking into account earlier court examination and
conclusion of the absence of grounds for non-recognition.

Keywords: the 1996 Hague Convention; recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments;
advance recognition of foreign measure; jurisdiction to grant advance recognition; custody
order and contact order.

References

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hcch.net/docs/4ef9b809-a874-4457-9641-bab0e12ec8c7.pdf.
Ansel Zh.-P., Abassi M. Ispolnenie inostrannykh sudebnykh reshenii [Execution of Foreign
Court Decisions]. Zhurnal rossiiskogo prava – Journal of Russian Law, 2006, no. 8,
pp. 23–46. (In Russ.)
Beaumont P.R. Advantages for States in Becoming a Party to the Hague Children’s Convention
1996. Public and Private International Law Bulletin, 2015, vol. 35, iss. 2, рр. 139–145.
Blackburn H. Section 7, Practical application of the 1996 Convention, case 4. In
4 PAPER BUILDINGS 1996 Hague Convention Seminar, 22 June 2012. URL: https://
www.4pb.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Hague_Seminar_Final_Draft.pdf.
Explanatory Report to the Convention on Contact concerning Children. URL: https://
rm.coe.int/CoERMPublicCommonSearchServices/DisplayDCTMContent?document
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Hague Conference on Private International Law, Hague Convention of 19 October 1996
on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Co-operation in Respect of
Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children: Implementation Checklist.
URL: https://assets.hcch.net/docs/8dec0bca-4cda-457b-b678-2bfde198bf9d.pdf.
Hague Conference on Private International Law, Practical Handbook on the Operation
of the 1996 Hague Child Protection Convention (2014). URL: https://assets.hcch.
net/docs/eca03d40-29c6-4cc4-ae52-edad337b6b86.pdf.
Hague Conference on Private International Law, Transfrontier Contact Concerning
Children – General Principles and Guide to Good Practice (2008). URL: https://
assets.hcch.net/docs/aabaa1c1-4fb5-4c24-92bd-75a8b161e29a.pdf.
House of Commons, Foreign Affairs – Seventh Report. Session 2007-08. URL: https://
publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200708/cmselect/cmfaff/147/14708.htm#a38.
Lagarde P. Explanatory Report on the Hague Convention of 13 January 2000 on
the International Protection of Adults. New and Revised Edition (2017). URL: https://
assets.hcch.net/docs/1509ab33-c2fe-4532-981c-7aa4dad9ba45.pdf.
Rapport explicatif de Paul Lagarde/Explanatory Report by Paul Lagarde (1998).
URL: https://assets.hcch.net/docs/5a56242c-ff06-42c4-8cf0-00e48da47ef0.pdf.
Schuz R. Child Abduction Convention: A Critical Analysis. Oxford: Hart Publishing,
2013. 536 p.

Information about the author

M.L. Shelyutto (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Leading Research Fellow,
Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian
Federation (34 B. Cheremushkinskaia St., Moscow, 117218, Russia; e-mail: civil@izak.ru).

Recommended citation

Shelyutto M.L. Zablagovremennoe (preventivnoe) priznanie (otkaz v priznanii) reshenii
inostrannykh sudov v sootvetstvii so stat’ei 24 Gaagskoi konventsii 1996 g. [Advance (Preventive)
Recognition (Non-Recognition) of Foreign Judgments Under Article 24 of the 1996
Hague Convention]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure, 2020, vol. 10,
no. 5, pp. 180–198. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-5-180-198

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