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INDIRECT JUDICIAL CONTROL OVER THE LEGALITY OF ADMINISTRATIVE ACTS

JUDICIAL AUTHORITY AND PRACTICE


A.F. VASILYEVA

A.F. VASILYEVA,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Constitutional Law,
Saint Petersburg State University

https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2021-11-3-259-292

Indirect judicial control over the legality of administrative acts within the framework of
which the court considers civil law claim whilst evaluates the legality of an administrative
act with a missed deadline of direct retrial, is one of the most pressing and unresolved problems
of civil and administrative law interplay. The permissibility of indirect judicial control
over legally binding administrative acts generates inter-branch conflicts, ‘divergent legal
implications’ that have negative impact both on the citizen, when his conduct, permitted by
an administrative procedure, entails civil legal sanctions, and on the administrative body,
since the civil law practice is a means of “invasion” into its competence to assess the circumstances
of the case and make decisions in a particular managerial situation1. The approach
of not accepting the binding nature of an administrative act which has legal force, established
in the Russian legal system for the court considering a civil case, is perceived as an
axiom that does not require proof. However, looking at the problem of binding nature of an
administrative act through the prism of the German concept of legal force of administrative
acts allows us to question the validity and effectiveness of this axiom for modern civil
and public circulation. In German legal system indirect control over the legality of legally
binding administrative acts is not possible, such acts are considered obligatory for the
courts, with the exception of acts that are null. Thus, the limits of indirect judicial control
over the legality of administrative acts are placed in their legal force, and the very concept
of the legal force of administrative acts must be built on the grounds of harmonization of
the underlying interactive principles: legality, legal certainty, protection of trust.

Keywords: indirect judicial control; legal force of an administrative act; “preclusive effect”
of an administrative act; nullity of an administrative act; principle of protection of trust.

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Information about the author

A.F. Vasilyeva (Saint Petersburg, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate
Professor, Department of Constitutional Law, Saint Petersburg State University (7-9 Universitetskaia
Emb., Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russia; e-mail: a.vasilyeva@spbu.ru).

Recommended citation

Vasilyeva A.F. Kosvennyi sudebnyi kontrol’ zakonnosti administrativnykh aktov [Indirect
Judicial Control over the Legality of Administrative Acts]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo
protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure, 2021, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 259–292. (In Russ.) https://
doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2021-11-3-259-292

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