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BENEFITS AND RISKS OF USING MODERN TECHNOLOGIES IN CIVIL PROCEDURE

JUDICIAL AUTHORITY AND PRACTICE


S.F. AFANASIEV, V.F. BORISOVA, M.N. ZARUBINA, E.A. KUDRYAVTSEVA, S.A. KUROCHKIN, I.N. LUKYANOVA, V. NEKROŠIUS, M.V. SAMSONOVA, E.S. SMAGINA, S.Zh. SOLOVYKH, E.G. STRELTSOVA, A.V. CHAIKINA, I.I. CHERNYKH

S.F. AFANASIEV,
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor,
Head of the Sector of Sectoral Legal Policy, Saratov Branch of the Institute of State and Law
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

V.F. BORISOVA,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Civil Procedure,
Saratov State Law Academy

M.N. ZARUBINA,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Civil Law and Procedure,
Saratov Chernyshevsky State University

E.A. KUDRYAVTSEVA,
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Department of Civil Procedure, Law Faculty,
Lomonosov Moscow State University

S.A. KUROCHKIN,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Vice-Rector for International Relations,
Ural Federal University

I.N. LUKYANOVA,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Senior Researcher, Institute of State and Law
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

V. NEKROŠIUS,
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Academician, Professor,
Head of the Department of Private Law, Vilnius University,
Chairman of the Vilnius Commercial Arbitration Court

M.V. SAMSONOVA,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Civil and Administrative Proceedings,
Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL)

E.S. SMAGINA,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Head of the Department of Civil Procedure and Labor Law,
Southern Federal University

S.Zh. SOLOVYKH,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Arbitration Proceedings,
Saratov State Law Academy

E.G. STRELTSOVA,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Civil and Administrative Proceedings,
Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL)

A.V. CHAIKINA,
Lecturer, Department of Civil and Administrative Proceedings,
Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL)

I.I. CHERNYKH,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Deputy Head of the Department of Civil and Administrative Proceedings,
Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL)

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-4-270-294

Digitalization of the justice sector raises the question of the boundaries of technology
penetration into judicial activity. This issue is considered from several perspectives: to what
extent digitalization is combined with the existing procedural guarantees and regulations;
in what cases digitalization of justice can improve the efficiency of legal proceedings; what
are the functions of forensic super services. It is proposed to consider options for making
decisions using digital technologies; in particular, the possibilities of shaping solutions using
technologies are discussed; as well as replacement of a judge in simple and similar cases
as an alternative to simplified forms of resolving cases. The idea of a digital platform as
a “fourth” party is very promising in organizing pre-trial dispute settlement. Digitalization
raises the question of the need to allocate new procedural rights; identification and
authentication of participants in the process; on changes in the collection and assessment
of evidence, in particular, on their verification. Evaluation of evidence can be carried out
with the help of technology in the part that does not involve value attitudes and does not
require an assessment taking into account a person’s life experience. Specific mechanisms
are also proposed for the use of technology in review at the level of cassation in the judicial
chambers of the Supreme Court and in the execution of court orders rendered with the use
of technology. The issues of using digital technologies in the context of a pandemic stress test,
including in the absence of procedural regulation, are considered. Proposals were made on
new grounds for temporarily stopping the process, and criteria for cases were highlighted,
the consideration of which cannot be interrupted under any circumstances.

Keywords: justice; artificial intelligence; digitalization; justice efficiency; technology.

References

Coccoli J. The Challenges of New Technologies in the Implementation of Human
Rights: An Analysis of Some Critical Issues in the Digital Era. Peace Human Rights Governance,
2017, vol. 1, iss. 2, pp. 223–250.
Morkhat P.M. Primenenie iskusstvennogo intellekta v sudebnom protsesse [The Use
of Artificial Intelligence in Litigation]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil
Procedure, 2019, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 61–85. (In Russ.)
Pravovoe regulirovanie iskusstvennogo intellekta: uchebnoe posobie [Legal Regulation
of Artificial Intelligence: Tutorial]. Nizhny Novgorod: Nizhny Novgorod State University
Publ., 2020. 90 p. (In Russ.)
Sakara N.Iu. Problema dostupnosti pravosudiia po grazhdanskim delam [The Problem
of Accessibility of Justice in Civil Cases]. Kharkov: Pravo, 2010. 256 p. (In Ukr.)
Sidorov Iu.V. Otlichiia v ponimanii sushchnosti elektronnogo pravosudiia v Rossii i za
rubezhom [Differences in Understanding the Essence of Electronic Justice in Russia and
Abroad]. Uchenye zapiski Petrozavodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Obshchestvennye
i gumanitarnye nauki – Uchenye zapiski of Petrozavodsk State University. Social and
Human Sciences, 2015, no. 5(150), pp. 108–111. (In Russ.)

Information about the author

S.F. Afanasiev (Saratov, Russia) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head of the
Sector of Sectoral Legal Policy, Saratov Branch of the Institute of State and Law of the
Russian Academy of Sciences (135 Chernyshevskii St., Saratov, 410028, Russia; e-mail:
af.73@mail.ru).

V.F. Borisova (Saratov, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Civil Procedure, Saratov State Law Academy (1 Volskaia St., Saratov, 410056,
Russia; e-mail: vfb2709@yandex.ru).

M.N. Zarubina (Saratov, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Civil Law and Procedure, Saratov Chernyshevsky State University
(83 Astrakhanskaia St., Saratov, 410012, Russia; e-mail: 17mz84@mail.ru).

E.A. Kudryavtseva (Moscow, Russia) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Department
of Civil Procedure, Law Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University (1 Leninskie
Gory St., Moscow, 119991, Russia; e-mail: evkud@yandex.ru).

S.A. Kurochkin (Yekaterinburg, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Vice-Rector
for International Relations, Ural Federal University (51 Lenin Av., Yekaterinburg, 620075,
Russia; e-mail: s.a.kurochkin@urfu.ru).

I.N. Lukyanova (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Senior Researcher,
Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences (10 Znamenka St., Moscow,
119019, Russia; e-mail: irinluk@bk.ru).

V. Nekrošius (Vilnius, Lithuania) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Academician, Professor,
Head of the Department of Private Law, Vilnius University, Chairman of the Vilnius
Commercial Arbitration Court (1A-7 M. Valančiaus St., Vilnius, 03115, Lithuania; e-mail:
vytautas.nekrosius@tf.vu.lt).

M.V. Samsonova (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Civil and Administrative Proceedings, Kutafin Moscow State
Law University (MSAL) (9 Sadovaia-Kudrinskaia St., Moscow, 125993, Russia; e-mail:
msamsonova@mail.ru).

E.S. Smagina (Rostov-on-Don, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate
Professor, Head of the Department of Civil Procedure and Labor Law, Southern Federal
University (105/42 Bolshaia Sadovaia St., Rostov-on-Don, 344006, Russia; e-mail:
esmagina@yandex.ru).

S.Zh. Solovykh (Saratov, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Arbitration Proceedings, Saratov State Law Academy (1 Volskaia St.,
Saratov, 410056, Russia; e-mail: swetlanasolo@yandex.ru).

E.G. Streltsova (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Civil and Administrative Proceedings, Kutafin Moscow State
Law University (MSAL) (9 Sadovaia-Kudrinskaia St., Moscow, 125993, Russia; e-mail:
1717elena@mail.ru).

A.V. Chaikina (Moscow, Russia) – Lecturer, Department of Civil and Administrative
Proceedings, Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL) (9 Sadovaia-Kudrinskaia
St., Moscow, 125993, Russia; e-mail: alena@chaykina.ru).

I.I. Chernykh (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Deputy Head of the Department of Civil and Administrative Proceedings, Kutafin
Moscow State Law University (MSAL) (9 Sadovaia-Kudrinskaia St., Moscow, 125993,
Russia; e-mail: ch6363@yandex.ru).

Recommended citation

Afanasiev S.F., Borisova V.F., Zarubina M.N., Kudryavtseva E.A., Kurochkin S.A.,
Lukyanova I.N., Nekrošius V., Samsonova M.V., Smagina E.S., Solovykh S.Zh., Streltsova
E.G., Chaikina A.V., Chernykh I.I. Preimushchestva i riski primeneniia sovremennykh
tehnologii v grazhdanskom protsesse [Benefits and Risks of Using Modern Technologies
in Civil Procedure]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure,
2020, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 270–294. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2020-
10-4-270-294

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