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ALIENS AS INTERNATIONAL CIVIL PROCEDURE ACTORS IN RUSSIAN AND U.S. LAW: THE ISSUE OF INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL LITIGATION

THE FUTURE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE


V.O. PUCHKOV

V.O. PUCHKOV,
LL.M., Postgraduate Student, Department of the Theory of State and Law,
Ural State Law University

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-6-193-223

The article examines the issue of the procedural status of various aliens (individuals and legal
entities, international organizations and states) in the international civil procedure of Russia
and the United States of America. The author comes to conclusion that the determination of
the composition of the parties of international commercial dispute (as well as the qualification
of their claims and forms of legal protection) should be determined on the basis of lex
(processualis) causae, reflecting the essence of the substantive disputed relationship and the
peculiarities of its qualifications from the point of view of national law. The study analyzes the
features of the procedural position of specific categories of actors (individuals and legal entities,
international organizations and states), as well as persons facilitating justice in international
commercial disputes. The article states that the limits of foreign procedural law application to
the procedural status of an alien in Russian civil proceedings is mediated by his connection
with the essence of the substantive disputed relationship. Depending on the nature of such
a connection, the author proposes to divide aliens as actors of international civil procedure
into two groups: persons directly related to the disputed legal relationship and, therefore,
subordinate lex processualis personalis (parties, third parties and their representatives) and
persons, communication which with a controversial legal relationship is of an indirect nature
and the procedural status of which is therefore regulated by lex fori (witnesses, experts,
specialists and translators). Also, the study pays attention to the problems of jurisdictional
immunity of a foreign state and conflict aspects of fraudulent joinder.

Keywords: international civil procedure; aliens; international civil procedure actors;
jurisdictional immunity; fraudulent joinder.

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Information about the author

V.O. Puchkov (Yekaterinburg, Russia) – LL.M., Postgraduate Student, Department
of the Theory of State and Law, Ural State Law University (20 Verkh-Isetsky Blvd., Yekaterinburg,
620028, Russia; e-mail: puchkovandpartners@gmail.com).

Recommended citation

Puchkov V.O. Inostrannye litsa kak sub”ekty mezhdunarodnogo grazhdanskogo
protsessa v Rossii i SShA: problema sudebnogo rassmotreniia mezhdunarodnykh kommercheskikh
sporov [Aliens as International Civil Procedure Actors in Russian and U.S.
Law: The Issue of International Commercial Litigation]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa
– Herald of Civil Procedure, 2020, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 193–223. (In Russ.) https://doi.
org/10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-6-193-223

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