Herald of Civil Procedure

We in a citing index:




Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor,
Head of the Department of Civil Procedure,
Siberian Federal University

Proof and evidence reflect the quintessence of civil procedure; this is the “litmus test”, which
inevitably and clearly shows the effectiveness (or ineffectiveness) of basic principles, efficiency
(or ineffectiveness) of the legislative paradigm of civil procedure, predictive function of science.
It is no coincidence that the problems of proof and evidence-including in their traditional
hypostasis-have always been the focus of attention of prominent domestic proceduralists,
beginning in the 19th century. A pleiad of Russian pre-revolutionary scholars who turned their
eyes to forensic evidence – E.V. Vaskovskii, A.Kh. Golmsten, K.I. Malyshev, E.A. Nefediev,
B.V. Popov, – which is continued in the 20th century by S.N. Abramov, A.F. Kleinman,
S.V. Kurylev, P.P. Gureev, L.P. Smyshliaev, Ia.L. Shtutin, and K.S. Iudelson (we do not aim
to name all names) is brilliant. And not coincidentally, we believe, the problems of judicial
proof and judicial evidence became the core of scientific research and achievements of
Professor M.K. Treushnikov, who continued the best traditions of domestic jurisprudence
and formulated the basis of the modern evidential paradigm in civil proceedings, which was
legislatively reflected in the 2002 Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: Mikhail Konstantinovich Treushnikov; proof; evidence; way to law; civil
procedure; doctrine; jurisprudence; science of law.


Abramov S.N. (ed.). Grazhdanskii protsess: uchebnik [Civil Procedure: Textbook].
Moscow: USSR Ministry of Justice Legal Publishing House, 1948. 483 p. (In Russ.)
Bochkarev S.A. Znanie kak novaia forma prava [Knowledge as a New Form of Law].
Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Iuridicheskie nauki – Perm University Herald. Juridical
Sciences, 2021, iss. 51, pp. 6–29. (In Russ.)
Fokina M.A. (ed.). Kurs dokazatel’stvennogo prava: Grazhdanskii protsess. Arbitrazhnyi
protsess. Administrativnoe sudoproizvodstvo [Evidence Course: Civil Procedure.
Arbitration Procedure. Administrative Proceedings]. 2nd ed. Moscow: Statut, 2019. 656 p.
(In Russ.)
Golmsten A.Kh.; Treushnikov M.K., Popovа Iu.A. (eds.). Uchebnik russkogo grazhdanskogo
sudoproizvodstva [Textbook of Russian Civil Legal Proceedings]. Krasnodar:
Kuban State Agrarian University Publishing House, 2004. 484 p. (In Russ.)
Iudelson K.S. Problema dokazyvaniia v sovetskom grazhdanskom protsesse [The Problem
of Proof in Soviet Civil Procedure]. Moscow: Gosiurizdat, 1951. 295 p. (In Russ.)
Kleinman A.F. Osnovnye voprosy teorii dokazatel’stv v sovetskom grazhdanskom
protsesse [The Main Questions of the Theory of Evidence in Soviet Civil Procedure].
Moscow; St. Petersburg: Academy of Sciences of the USSR Publishing House, 1950. 72 p.
(In Russ.)
Kurylev S.V. Osnovy teorii dokazyvaniia v sovetskom pravosudii [Foundations of
the Theory of Proof in Soviet Justice]. Minsk: Belarusian State University Publishing
House, 1969. 204 p. (In Russ.)
Kurylev S.V. Ustanovlenie istiny v sovetskom pravosudii: dis. … dokt. iurid. nauk
[Establishing the Truth in Soviet Justice: Thesis for a Doctor Degree in Law Sciences].
Minsk, 1966. (In Russ.)
Rogalev A.N., Sakhnova T.V. Informatsionnye sistemy i protsedurnye resheniia dlia nekotorykh
zadach grazhdanskogo protsessa [Information Systems and Procedural Solutions for
Some Tasks of Civil Procedure]. Teise – Teise, 2007, vol. 63, pp. 160–171. (In Russ.)
Sakhnova T.V. O kontsepte edinogo Grazhdanskogo protsessual’nogo kodeksa Rossii
(zametki po povodu) [On the Concept of the Unified Civil Procedure Code of Russia
(Notes on the Subject)]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure,
2015, no. 1, pp. 9–27. (In Russ.)
Sakhnova T.V. O printsipakh tsivilisticheskogo protsessa (v kontekste «evropeizatsii»
protsessual’nogo prava) [On the Principles of Civil Procedure (in the Context of “Europeanization”
of Procedure Law)]. In Yarkov V.V. (ed.). Rossiiskii ezhegodnik grazhdanskogo
i arbitrazhnogo protsessa. № 7–8 (2009–2010) [Russian Yearbook of Civil and
Arbitration Procedure. No. 7–8 (2009–2010)]. St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg State University
Publishing House, 2011, pp. 44–53. (In Russ.)
Sakhnova T.V. O sovremennom razvitii form spetsial’nykh znanii v tsivilisticheskom
protsesse Rossii [On the Modern Development of Forms of Special Knowledge in Civil
Procedure of Russia]. In Materialy VI Mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii
«Teoriia i praktika sudebnoi ekspertizy v sovremennykh usloviiakh», posviashchennoi
pamiati zasluzhennogo iurista RF, d.iu.n., prof. Iu.K. Orlova (g. Moskva, 19–20 ianvaria
2017 g.) [Materials of the VI International Scientific-Practical Conference “Theory and
Practice of Forensic Examination in Modern Conditions”, Dedicated to the Memory of
the Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Law, Professor Iu.K. Orlov
(Moscow, 19–20 January 2017)]. Moscow: Prospekt, 2017, pp. 391–395. (In Russ.)
Sakhnova T.V. Osnovy sudebno-psikhologicheskoi ekspertizy po grazhdanskim delam:
uchebnoe posobie [Fundamentals of Forensic Psychological Examination in Civil Cases:
Tutorial]. Moscow: Iurist, 1997. 136 p. (In Russ.)
Sakhnova T.V. Sudebnaia ekspertiza [Forensic Examination]. Moscow: Gorodets,
1999. 368 p. (In Russ.)
Treushnikov M.K. (ed.). Put’ k zakonu (iskhodnye dokumenty, poiasnitel’nye zapiski,
materialy konferentsii, varianty proekta GPK, novyi GPK RF) [The Path to the Law
(Source Documents, Explanatory Notes, Conference Proceedings, Options for the Draft
Civil Procedure Code, the New Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation)]. Moscow:
Gorodets, 2004. 1024 p. (In Russ.)
Treushnikov M.K. Otnosimost’ i dopustimost’ dokazatel’stv v grazhdanskom protsesse
[Relevance and Admissibility of Evidence in Civil Procedure]. Moscow: Iuridichskaia
literatura, 1981. 96 p. (In Russ.)
Treushnikov M.K. Sudebnye dokazatel’stva [Forensic Evidence]. 2nd ed. Moscow:
Gorodets, 1998. 288 p. (In Russ.)
Treushnikov M.K. Sudebnye dokazatel’stva [Forensic Evidence]. 3rd ed. Moscow:
Gorodets, 2004. 268 p. (In Russ.)
Treushnikov M.K. Sudebnye dokazatel’stva [Forensic Evidence]. 4th ed. Moscow:
Gorodets, 2005. 287 p. (In Russ.)
Treushnikov M.K. Sudebnye dokazatel’stva [Forensic Evidence]. 5th ed. Moscow:
Gorodets, 2021. 304 p. (In Russ.)
Treushnikov M.K. Sudebnye dokazatel’stva [Forensic Evidence]. Moscow: Gorodets,
1997. 320 p. (In Russ.)
Vaskovskii E.V.; Tomsinov V.A. (ed.). Uchebnik grazhdanskogo protsessa [Textbook
of Civil Procedure]. Moscow: Zertsalo, 2003. 464 p. (In Russ.)

Information about the author

T.V. Sakhnova (Krasnoyarsk, Russia) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head
of the Department of Civil Procedure, Siberian Federal University (79 Svobodnyi Av.,
Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russia; e-mail: civil.law.process@gmail.com).

Recommended citation

Sakhnova T.V. O dokazyvanii i dokazatel’stvakh v tsivilisticheskom protsesse (pamiati
professora M.K. Treushnikova) [On Evidence and Proof in Civil Procedure (in Memory
of Professor M.K. Treushnikov)]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil
Procedure, 2021, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 34–48. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-

 el_.png   it_.png   book.png