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“THEIR MORALS”. MATERIAL EVIDENCE IN FOREIGN AND RUSSIAN JUDICIAL SYSTEMS (AN ATTEMPT OF COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS), OR A BIT JOKINGLY ABOUT PHYSICAL EVIDENCE, AND THEN – MORE SERIOUSLY

PROBLEMS OF CIVIL PROCEDURE


A.T. BONNER

A.T. BONNER,
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor,
Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL)

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-4-13-57

In this article, the author examines the issues of evidence law, and in particular, some
aspects of involving material evidence in the case and in the trial. Thus, it is noted that
the presence of “material” objects of the dispute, which simultaneously became material
evidence, as well as their corresponding properties and signs, are reflected in the derivative
evidence examined by the court, and in the judicial acts issued on the case. One of the
theses of the study claims that the most important thing is that a rare civil dispute gets
along without material evidence examined by the court directly or on the basis of derivative
evidence. This assumption is supported by reference to specific cases from foreign and
domestic judicial practice. As a justification, the study provides a number of high-profile,
contradictory and resonant cases, which are the most striking tool for illustrating the point
of view put forward. At the end of this work, the author summarizes and points out that
the objective reality, as well as law enforcement practice, clearly reflects the versatility of
the evidentiary material and the evidentiary base in a particular case, and also that the
legal status of objects of the material world can sometimes change quickly.

Keywords: law of evidence; proof; material evidence; civil procedure; comparative studies;
judicial practice.

References

Ariia S.L. Durno pakhnushchee delo [Foul Smelling Case]. In Ariia S.L. Zhizn’ advokata
[Life of a Lawyer]. Tula: Avtograf, 2003, pp. 337–338. (In Russ.)
Hobbie K.R. Samye bestolkovye tiazhby v mire [World’s Wackiest Lawsuits]. Moscow:
Gorodets, 2004. 128 p. (In Russ.)
Vaskovskii E.V. Kurs grazhdanskogo protsessa. T. 1: Sub”ekty i ob”ekty protsessa,
protsessual’nye otnosheniia i deistviia [Civil Procedure Course. Vol. 1: Subjects and
Objects of the Process, Procedural Relations and Actions]. Moscow: Edition of Bashmakov
Brothers, 1913. 704 p. (In Russ.)
Vaskovskii E.V. Uchebnik grazhdanskogo protsessa [Textbook of Civil Procedure].
2nd ed. Moscow: Edition of Bashmakov Brothers, 1917. 429 p. (In Russ.)
Vertinskii A. Dorogoi dlinnoiu… [The Long Road…]. Moscow: Pravda, 1991. 571 p.
(In Russ.)

Information about the author

A.T. Bonner (Moscow, Russia) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Kutafin Moscow
State Law University (MSAL) (9 Sadovaia-Kudrinskaia St., Moscow, 125993, Russia;
e-mail: bonner2@yandex.ru).

Recommended citation

Bonner A.T. «Ikh nravy». Veshchestvennye dokazatel’stva v zarubezhnykh i rossiiskikh
sudakh (popytka sravnitel’noi kharakteristiki), ili o veshchestvennykh dokazatel’stvakh
nemnogo v shutku, a bolee – vser’ez [“Their Morals”. Material Evidence in Foreign and
Russian Judicial Systems (an Attempt of Comparative Characteristics), or a Bit Jokingly
About Physical Evidence, and Then – More Seriously]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo
protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure, 2020, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 13–57. (In Russ.) https://
doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-4-13-57

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Keywords