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CONTRADICTION TO THE PUBLIC POLICY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AS A GROUND FOR CANCELLATION OF THE DECISION OF THE ARBITRATION COURT AND REFUSAL TO ISSUE A WRIT OF EXECUTION

CIVIL PROCEDURE ON COMMENT


V.V. MOLCHANOV

V.V. MOLCHANOV,
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Department of Civil Procedure,
Law Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University

The contradiction with the public order of the Russian Federation is an unconditional basis
for cancellation of the decision of the arbitration court and refusal to issue a writ of execution.
What is meant by the public policy? There is no definition in the legislation. According to
the position of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation under the public policy are
understood the fundamental legal principles (principles) having the highest imperative and
universality. Study and analysis of the practice of consideration and resolution of cases about
the cancellation of arbitration court decisions and refusal to issue writs of execution by
arbitration courts and courts of general jurisdiction shows that the content of the concept
of public policy in view of the abstract nature of normativity, inherent in the concept of
fundamental principles of Russian law, is interpreted by judicial practice very widely. Since
establishing in what cases the decision of an arbitration court violates the fundamental
principles of Russian law, and hence the public policy of the Russian Federation, refers to
the discretion of the court considering the case, and the boundaries of application of this
ground for reversal of decision are determined by the discretion of the court in the context
of the specific circumstances of the case. The article also concludes that the position of the
Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, which lies in the fact that since the arbitration
courts do not exercise judicial power and are not part of the judicial system of the Russian
Federation, the state courts are not empowered to verify the legality of decisions of arbitration
courts, which involves identifying the correctness of interpretation and application of law
by the court of arbitration, must be understood systematically. According to the author,
it is necessary to take into account that the function of state courts to control arbitration
proceedings consists, among other things, in ensuring compliance of the results of arbitration
proceedings with fundamental legal values, which include the legality of decisions rendered
by arbitration courts in terms of interpretation and application of rules of law.

Keywords: arbitration court; public policy; principle of legality; limits of judicial discretion.

References

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Information about the author

V.V. Molchanov (Moscow, Russia) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Department
of Civil Procedure, Law Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University (1 Leninskie
Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russia; e-mail: vm-msu@mail.ru).

Recommended citation

Molchanov V.V. Protivorechie publichnomu poriadku Rossiiskoi Federatsii kak osnovanie
dlia otmeny resheniia treteiskogo suda i otkaza v vydache ispolnitel’nogo lista [Contradiction
to the Public Policy of the Russian Federation as a Ground for Cancellation
of the Decision of the Arbitration Court and Refusal to Issue a Writ of Execution]. Vestnik
grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure, 2021, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 140–
158. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2021-11-5-140-158

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