Herald of Civil Procedure

We in a citing index:




Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Business Law, Civil and Arbitration Procedure,
Faculty of Law, Perm State University

In the Russian Federation, as in a number of other economically developed countries, there
are legal restrictions on the admission of foreign investors to participate in commercial
corporate organizations of strategic importance for national defence and state security.
Failure by foreign investors to comply with this mechanism leads to the nullity of transactions
and, as a consequence, to legal disputes, the subject of which are mainly restitution claims.
There have been numerous problems and academic debates in recent court practice
regarding the reasons and the possibility of satisfying such claims. In particular, in view
of the changed circumstances after the conclusion of the contested transaction, the real
public interest is not always visible pursued by the claim for application of consequences of
its invalidity. The author proposes that in the course of judicial proceedings in such cases,
when the defendant raises the relevant reasoned objections, not only to state the fact of
violation of the law by a foreign investor, but also to reveal the public interest defended by
the foreign investor. The author proposes that, in such cases, the defendant’s arguments
should not be limited to stating that the foreign investor has breached the law. If one is
not established, a claim may be dismissed under certain conditions, taking into account
established doctrinal approaches to the understanding of the right of action.

Keywords: arbitration procedure; strategic business entities; right of action; public interest.


Abushenko D.B. Soglashenie o restitutsionnykh posledstviiakh: razmyshleniia
o protsessual’nykh mekhanizmakh realizatsii pravovoi konstruktsii [Agreement on Restitution
After Void Contract: Reflections on Procedural Machinery to Implement It].
Vestnik ekonomicheskogo pravosudiia RF – Bulletin of Economic Justice of the Russian
Federation, 2018, no 12, pp. 98–115. (In Russ.)
Akimova I.V., Simakova K.B. Novelly v sfere kontrolia za osushchestvleniem inostrannykh
investitsii v strategicheskie otrasli ekonomiki [Novels in the Field of Control
over Foreign Investments in Strategic Sectors of the Economy]. Rossiiskoe konkurentnoe
pravo i ekonomika – Russian Competition Law and Economics, 2019, no. 3, pp. 30–35.
(In Russ.)
Derbysheva E.A. Printsip pravovoi opredelennosti: poniatie, aspekty, mesto v sisteme
printsipov prava: dis. … kand. iurid. nauk [Principle of Legal Certainty: Concept,
Aspects, Place in the System of Legal Principles: Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Law
Sciences]. Yekaterinburg, 2020. 238 p. (In Russ.)
Doraev M.G. Dopusk inostrannykh investorov v strategicheskie otrasli ekonomiki
(pravovye osnovy) [Admission of Foreign Investors Into Strategic Industries Economy
(Legal Basis)]. Moscow: Infotropic Media, 2012. 224 p. (In Russ.)
Goncharova V.A. Svoboda storon dogovora v primenenii posledstvii ego nedeistvitel’nosti:
v poiskakh nadlezhashchego protsessual’nogo oformleniia [Contractual Freedom in Applying
of the Consequences of Its Invalidity: Search for an Acceptable Procedural Form].
Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure, 2019, no. 5, pp. 205–229.
(In Russ.)
Gurvich M.A. Pravo na isk [Right of Action]. Moscow: USSR Academy of Sciences
Publishing House, 1978. 216 p. (In Russ.)
Ostanina E.A. Opredelennye dogovorom posledstviia nedeistvitel’nosti sdelki [The
Contractual Consequences of an Invalid Transaction]. Vestnik Cheliabinskogo gosu
darstvennogo universiteta – Herald of Chelyabinsk State University, 2015, no. 17(372),
vol. 43, pp. 108–117. (In Russ.)
Sakhnova T.V. O kontseptual’nykh kategoriiakh iskovoi zashchity (k diskussii o sovremennom
ponimanii iska) [On the Conceptual Categories of Claim Protection (Towards
a Discussion on Contemporary Understanding of Claim)]. Arbitrazhnyi i grazhdanskii
protsess – Arbitration and Civil Procedure, 2006, no. 2, pp. 42–48. (In Russ.)
Schulz M. A Return of Protectionism? Internal Deregulation and External Investment
Restrictions in the EU. Discussion Paper 08-04. Tokyo: Fujitsu Research Institute,
Economic Research Center, 2008.
Tsyganov A. Razumnaia predostorozhnost’. Desiatiletie osushchestvleniia FAS Rossii
kontrolia za sobliudeniem «zakona o strategakh» [Reasonable Precaution. A Decade of
FAS Russia’s Implementation of Russia’s Control over Compliance with the “Law on
Strategists”]. Konkurentsiia segodnia – Competition Today, 2018, no. 4(13), pp. 20–24.
(In Russ.)
Tuzhilova-Ordanskaia E.M., Nizamova G.Kh. Konvalidatsiia nedeistvitel’nykh sdelok
po zakonodatel’stvu Rossii i stran kontinental’noi Evropy [Convalidation of Invalid
Transactions under Russian and Continental European Law]. Vestnik Omskogo universiteta.
Seriia «Pravo» – Herald of Omsk University. “Law” Series, 2017, no. 3(52),
pp. 64–71. (In Russ.)
Tuzhilova-Ordanskaia E.M., Lukianenko V.E. Konvalidatsiia nedeistvitel’nykh sdelok
v rossiiskom prave [Convalidation of Invalid Transactions in Russian Law]. Vestnik
Permskogo universiteta. Iuridicheskie nauki – Herald of Perm University. Legal Sciences,
2019, iss. 45, pp. 519–539. (In Russ.)
Vitrianskii V.V. Novelly o sdelkakh i resheniiakh sobranii [Novels on Transactions and
Decisions of Assemblies]. Khoziaistvo i pravo – Economy and Law, 2016, no. 1 (Appendix),
pp. 3–48. (In Russ.)
Vitrianskii V.V. Reforma rossiiskogo grazhdanskogo zakonodatel’stva: promezhutochnye
itogi [Reform of Russian Civil Legislation: Intermediate Results]. 2nd ed. Moscow:
Statut, 2018. 528 p. (In Russ.)

Information about the author

D.A. Fedyaev (Perm, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Business Law, Civil and Arbitration Procedure, Faculty of Law, Perm
State University (3 Genkelia St., Perm, 614068, Russia; e-mail: fedyaev@perm.ru).

Recommended citation

Fedyaev D.A. Pravo na isk pri osparivanii sdelok, vlekushchikh ustanovlenie kontrolia
inostrannykh investorov nad khoziaistvennymi obshchestvami, imeiushchimi strategicheskoe
znachenie [Right of Action to Challenge Transactions That Result in Foreign
Investors Gaining Control over Business Entities of Strategic Importance]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo
protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure, 2021, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 112–138. (In
Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2021-11-4-112-138

el_.png   it_.png   book.png