Herald of Civil Procedure
EN
main-photo

We in a citing index:

ON THE NATURE OF RELATIONSHIPS FOR RECONCILIATION AND THE DESIRABILITY OF THEIR REGULATION IN CIVIL PROCEDURAL CODES

CIVIL PROCEDURE ON COMMENT


S.S. KAZIKHANOVA

S.S. KAZIKHANOVA,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Civil and Administrative Procedure,
Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL)

https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2021-11-3-109-131

The article analyzes the changes made to the Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation,
the Arbitration Procedure Code of the Russian Federation and the Administrative Code
of the Russian Federation by the Federal Law of 26 July 2019 No. 197-FZ, related to
the regulation of conciliation procedures. The question is raised as to whether the civil
procedural codes should regulate relations on reconciliation and to what extent. Agreement
is expressed with those authors who believe that, by their nature, the relations that develop
in conciliation procedures between its participants (including in cases where the conciliation
procedure is directed by a judge) are not procedural and are not part of the subject of
civil procedural law. The non-procedural nature of the relationship between the judicial
conciliator and the court in the procedure of judicial conciliation under the Civil Procedure
Code of the Russian Federation, the Arbitration Procedure Code of the Russian Federation
and the Administrative code of the Russian Federation is substantiated. It is concluded that
due to the qualitatively different nature of reconciliation relations from civil procedural
relations, as well as their lack of connection with the resolution of a civil case in a certain
system of guarantees (civil procedural form), there is no place for articles on individual
conciliation procedures among procedural norms. In this regard, it is proposed to either
exclude them, or, as an option, transfer them to the appendix to the Civil Procedure Code
of the Russian Federation, the Arbitration Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, the
Administrative code of the Russian Federation (just as in the Civil Procedure Code of 1964
there was an appendix, in particular, about the arbitration court).

Keywords: reform of civil procedure; subject of civil procedural law; civil procedural legal
relations; conciliation procedures; judicial conciliation; mediator.

References

Alekseev S.S. Obshchaia teoriia prava: v 2 t. T. 2 [General Theory of Law. In 2 vols.
Vol. 2]. Moscow: Iuridicheskaia literatura, 1981. 360 p. (In Russ.)
Alekseev S.S. Sobranie sochinenii: v 10 t. T. 2: Spetsial’nye voprosy pravovedeniia
[Collected Works. In 10 vols. Vol. 2: Special Issues of Jurisprudence]. Moscow: Statut,
2010. 471 p. (In Russ.)
Belskaia I.A. Posrednichestvo (primirenie) v khoziaistvennom protsesse: aktual’nye
problemy i tendentsii razvitiia: avtoref. dis. … kand. iurid. nauk [Mediation (Reconciliation)
in the Economic Process: Current Problems and Development Trends: Synopsis
of a Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Law Sciences]. Minsk, 2012. 25 p. (In Russ.)
Chechina N.A. Grazhdanskie protsessual’nye otnosheniia [Civil Procedural Relations].
Leningrad: Leningrad University Publishing House, 1962. 68 p. (In Russ.)
Fokina M.A. K voprosu o sovremennykh modeliakh grazhdanskikh protsessual’nykh pravootnoshenii
[On Modern Models of Civil Procedural Legal Relations]. In Mikhailov S.M.
(ed.). Problemy grazhdanskogo sudoproizvodstva v trudakh i deiatel’nosti M.S. Shakarian:
sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, posviashchennoi
pamiati i 90-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia doktora iuridicheskikh nauk, professora Marii
Sumbatovny Shakarian [Problems of Civil Proceedings in the Works and Activities of
M.S. Shakarian: Collection of Materials of the International Scientific and Practical Conference
Dedicated to the Memory and 90th Anniversary of the Birth of Doctor of Law, Professor
Maria Sumbatovna Shakaryan]. Moscow: Prospekt, 2014, pp. 49–55. (In Russ.)
Semenov V.M. (ed.). Grazhdanskoe sudoproizvodstvo: uchebnik [Civil Proceedings:
Textbook]. Sverdlovsk: Sverdlovsk Law Institute Publ., 1974. 323 p. (In Russ.)
Gromoshina N.A. Differentsiatsiia i unifikatsiia v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve:
dis. … dokt. iurid. nauk [Differentiation and Unification in Civil Proceedings: Thesis
for a Doctor Degree in Law Sciences]. Moscow, 2010. 409 p. (In Russ.)
Gurvich M.A. Izbrannye trudy: v 2 t. T. 2 [Selected Works. In 2 vols. Vol. 2]. Krasnodar:
Sovetskaia Kuban’, 2006. 526 p. (In Russ.)
Isaenkova O.V. Perspektivy primiritel’nykh protsedur posle vstupleniia v silu
Federal’nogo zakona ot 28 noiabria 2018 g. № 451-FZ [Prospects for Conciliation Procedures
After the Entry into Force of Federal Law of 28 November 2018 No. 451-FZ].
In Ochelyko V.P., Kuzbagarov A.N., Katukov S.Iu. (eds.). Primiritel’nye protsedury v tsivilisticheskom
prave i sudoproizvodstve: sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoprakticheskoi
konferentsii 26–27 aprelia 2019 goda, Sankt-Peterburg. Ch. 1 [Conciliation
Procedures in Civil Law and Legal Proceedings: Collection of Materials of the International
Scientific and Practical Conference, 26–27 April 2019, St. Petersburg. Part 1].
St. Petersburg: Asterion, 2019, pp. 95–101. (In Russ.)
Kazikhanova S.S. K voprosu o vozmozhnosti vzyskaniia sudebnykh raskhodov
samostoiatel’nym iskom o vozmeshchenii ubytkov [On the Possibility of Collecting Court
Costs by an Independent Claim for Damages]. Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika –
Laws of Russia: Experience, Analysis, Practice, 2017, no. 9, pp. 15–20. (In Russ.)
Kazikhanova S.S. Optimizatsiia grazhdanskogo sudoproizvodstva i predmet grazhdanskogo
protsessual’nogo prava [Optimization of Civil Proceedings and the Subject of
Civil Procedural Law]. Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika – Laws of Russia: Experience,
Analysis, Practice, 2020, no. 8, pp. 18–26. (In Russ.)
Treushnikov M.K. (ed.). Khrestomatiia po grazhdanskomu protsessu [Reader on Civil
Procedure]. Moscow: Gorodets, 1996. 226 p. (In Russ.)
Kleinman A.F. Predmet nauki sovetskogo grazhdanskogo protsessual’nogo prava [The
Subject of Science of Soviet Civil Procedural Law]. Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo – Soviet
State and Law, 1940, no. 3, pp. 60–69. (In Russ.)
Kozlov A.F. Ob osoboi raznovidnosti protsessual’nykh otnoshenii [On a Special Kind of
Procedural Relations]. In Realizatsiia protsessual’nykh norm organami grazhdanskoi iurisdiktsii:
sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Implementation of Procedural Norms by Bodies of Civil
Jurisdiction: Collection of Scientific Papers]. Sverdlovsk, 1988, pp. 28–35. (In Russ.)
Lazarev V.V., Lipen S.V. Teoriia gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik dlia vuzov [Theory of
State and Law: Textbook for Universities]. Moscow: Iurait, 2020. 521 p. (In Russ.)
Malyshev K.I. Kurs grazhdanskogo sudoproizvodstva [Course of Civil Procedure].
St. Petersburg: M.M. Stasiulevich’s Printing House, 1876. 460 p. (In Russ.)
Musin V.A., Chechina N.A., Chechot D.M. (eds.). Grazhdanskii protsess: uchebnik
[Civil Procedure: Textbook]. Moscow: PBOIuL Grizhenko, 2001. 544 p. (In Russ.)
Nikolaichenko O.V. Vliianie instituta «mediatsii» na protsessual’nye obiazannosti
suda (normativnye i pravorealizatsionnye aspekty) [The Influence of the Institution
of “Mediation” on the Procedural Duties of the Court (Regulatory and Law Enforcement
Aspects)]. In Ochelyko V.P., Kuzbagarov A.N., Katukov S.Iu. (eds.). Primiritel’nye
protsedury v tsivilisticheskom prave i sudoproizvodstve: sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoi
nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii 26–27 aprelia 2019 goda, Sankt-Peterburg. Ch. 1
[Conciliation Procedures in Civil Law and Legal Proceedings: Collection of Materials
of the International Scientific and Practical Conference, 26–27 April 2019, St. Petersburg.
Part 1]. St. Petersburg: Asterion, 2019, pp. 191–197. (In Russ.)
Nosyreva E.I., Filchenko D.G. Osnovnye polozheniia Kontseptsii ob institute primireniia
storon v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve (chast’ pervaia) [Basic Provisions of the
Concept on the Institution of Reconciliation of Parties in Civil Proceedings (Part One)].
Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure, 2015, no. 1, pp. 113–124.
(In Russ.)
Osokina G.L. Grazhdanskii protsess. Obshchaia chast’ [Civil Procedure. A Common
Part]. Moscow: Iurist, 2006. 669 p. (In Russ.)
Pleshanov A.G. Sistematizatsiia norm o primiritel’nykh protsedurakh i ee osnovnykh
parametrakh (po Federal’nomu zakonu ot 26 iiulia 2019 g. № 197-FZ) [Systematization
of Norms on Conciliation Procedures and its Main Parameters (According to the Federal
Law of 26 July 2019 No. 197-FZ)]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil
Procedure, 2020, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 178–199. (In Russ.)
Sakhnova T.V. O reformakh tsivilisticheskogo protsessa 2018–2019 gg.: vzgliad sverkhu
[On Civil Procedure Reforms 2018–2019: A View from Above]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo
protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure, 2020, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 12–29. (In Russ.)
Sevastianov G.V. Teoreticheskie osnovy al’ternativnogo razresheniia sporov: kontseptsiia
chastnogo protsessual’nogo prava sporov [Theoretical Foundations of Alternative Dispute
Resolution: The Concept of Private Procedural Law]. In Sevastianov G.V. (comp.). Uchebno-
metodicheskie materialy i prakticheskie rekomendatsii [Reader for Alternative Dispute
Resolution: Teaching Materials and Practical Recommendations]. St. Petersburg: ANO
“Editorial Office of the Magazine ‘Arbitration Court’”, 2009, pp. 91–121. (In Russ.)
Shemeneva O.N. Rol’ soglashenii storon v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve [The Role
of Parties’ Agreements in Civil Proceedings]. Moscow: Infotropic Media, 2017. 312 p.
(In Russ.)
Stoliarov A.G. Sudebnye raskhody kak element sostava grazhdanskoi protsessual’noi
otvetstvennosti: avtoref. dis. … kand. iurid. nauk [Legal Expenses as an Element of the
Composition of Civil Procedural Responsibility: Synopsis of a Thesis for a Candidate
Degree in Law Sciences]. St. Petersburg, 2004. 16 p. (In Russ.)
Streltsova E.G. Privatizatsiia pravosudiia [Privatization of Justice]. Moscow: Prospekt,
2019. 240 p. (In Russ.)
Treshcheva E.A. Pravovoe regulirovanie primiritel’nykh protsedur na sovremennom
etape [Legal Regulation of Conciliation Procedures at the Present Stage]. Vestnik Samarskogo
gosudarstvennogo universiteta – Bulletin of Samara State University, 2012, no. 3/2(94),
pp. 88–91. (In Russ.)
Tumanov D.A. Probely v grazhdanskom protsessual’nom prave [Gaps in Civil Procedural
Law]. Moscow: Norma, 2008. 208 p. (In Russ.)
Tumanov D.A., Streltsova E.G. O nekotorykh kontseptual’nykh resheniiakh po grazhdanskim
delam [On Some Conceptual Issues of Justice in Civil Cases]. Zakon – Law,
2018, no. 1, pp. 28–45. (In Russ.)
Tumanova L.V. Primirenie kak tsel’ sudoproizvodstva i sredstva ego dostizheniia [Reconciliation
as the Goal of Legal Proceedings and Means of Achieving It]. In Ochelyko V.P.,
Kuzbagarov A.N., Katukov S.Iu. (eds.). Primiritel’nye protsedury v tsivilisticheskom prave
i sudoproizvodstve: sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii
26–27 aprelia 2019 goda, Sankt-Peterburg. Ch. 1 [Conciliation Procedures in Civil
Law and Legal Proceedings: Collection of Materials of the International Scientific and
Practical Conference, 26–27 April 2019, St. Petersburg. Part 1]. St. Petersburg: Asterion,
2019, pp. 237–242. (In Russ.)
Vaskovskii E.V. Kurs grazhdanskogo protsessa: Sub”ekty i ob”ekty protsessa, protsessual’nye
otnosheniia i deistviia [Civil Procedure Course: Subjects and Objects of the Process, Procedural
Relations and Actions]. Moscow: Statut, 2016. 624 р. (In Russ.)
Zagainova S.K., Kuzbagarov A.N. Ob ispol’zovanii primiritel’nykh protsedur pri osushchestvlenii
pravosudiia po sporam chastnopravovogo kharaktera [On the Use of Conciliation
Procedures in the Administration of Justice in Disputes of a Private Law Nature].
Arbitrazhnyi i grazhdanskii protsess – Arbitration and Civil Procedure, 2006, no. 2,
pp. 25–28. (In Russ.)
Zdrok O.N. Primiritel’nye protsedury v tsivilisticheskom protsesse: dis. … dokt. iurid.
nauk [Conciliatory Procedures in Civil Procedure: Thesis for a Doctor Degree in Law
Sciences]. Minsk, 2019. 50 p. (In Russ.)
Zdrok O.N. Primiritel’nye protsedury v tsivilisticheskom protsesse [Conciliatory Procedures
in Civil Procedure]. Minsk: Belarusian State University Publ., 2018. 283 p. (In
Russ.)
Zdrok O.N. Primiritel’nye protsedury v tsivilisticheskom protsesse: sovremennaia teoreticheskaia
kontseptsiia [Conciliatory Procedures in Civil Procedure: A Modern Theoretical
Concept]. Minsk: Biznesofset, 2013. 108 p. (In Russ.)
Zeider N.B. Predmet i sistema sovetskogo grazhdanskogo protsessual’nogo prava [Subject
and System of Soviet Civil Procedural Law]. Pravovedenie – Jurisprudence, 1962,
no. 3, pp. 69–82. (In Russ.)
Zheruolis I.A. Sushchnost’ sovetskogo grazhdanskogo protsessa [The Essence of Soviet
Civil Procedure]. Vilnius: Mintis, 1969. 203 p. (In Russ.)
Zubovich M.M., Zubovich E.M. O strukture grazhdanskikh (arbitrazhnykh) protsessual’nykh
pravootnoshenii [On the Structure of Civil (Arbitration) Procedural Legal
Relations]. Sibirskii iuridicheskii vestnik – Siberian Legal Bulletin, 2005, no. 1, pp. 31–34.
(In Russ.)

Information about the author

S.S. Kazikhanova (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Civil and Administrative Procedure, Kutafin Moscow State Law
University (MSAL) (9 Sadovaia-Kudrunskaia St., Moscow, 125993, Russia; e-mail: sskazihanova@
msal.ru).

Recommended citation

Kazikhanova S.S. K voprosu o prirode otnoshenii po primireniiu i tselesoobraznosti
ikh regulirovaniia v tsivilisticheskikh protsessual’nykh kodeksakh [On the Nature of Relationships
for Reconciliation and the Desirability of Their Regulation in Civil Procedural
Codes]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure, 2021, vol. 11, no. 3,
pp. 109–131. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2021-11-3-109-131

el_.png   it_.png   book.png

Keywords