We in a citing index:
Principle of Protection of the Weaker Party in Legal Relations in Civil Law and Civil Procedure
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Pro-Rector of the Saratov State Law Academy,
Professor of the Department of Civil and Private International Law,
Judge of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation of the Retired
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Teacher of the Department of Civil and Private International Law
of the Saratov State Law Academy
Doctor of Sociology, Candidate of Political Sciences, Professor, Rector of the Saratov State Law Academy
The article is devoted to the principle of protection of the weaker party in legal relations. The authors come to a conclusion that the civil law science does not fully take into account inter-branch connection rules on the weaker party protection, as well as experience of related branch of legal sciences, – this principle is inter-branch because it’s reflected in civil law and in civil procedure. The goal of protection of the weaker party is formed on the inter-branch level, it is implemented by various branches of law. Lack of inter-branch researches on the subject creates obstacles to a detailed study of this issue. This problem can be viewed from different positions. At the first, some subjects are weaker than others. At the second, the principle of protection of the weaker party may be viewed through the concept of exercitation of rights and performance of obligations. The issue of protection of the weaker party is also investigated in foreign legal doctrine: usually it is considered from the point of the necessity of granting of additional rights to the weaker subject participating in the trial, connected with his introduction in process and involvement of a representative. Resolution of these problems can be made by inter-branch resources of the Russian legislation that confirms application of the inter-branch means of research of the declared problem.
Keywords: weaker party; civil law principles; civil procedure principles; inter-branch connections.
Braginsky M.I., Vitriansky V.V. Dogovornoe pravo: Obshchie polozheniya [Contract Law. General Provisions]. Moscow, 2000. (In Russian)
Bychkova G.P. Zashchita dolzhnikov v rimskom prave (na materialakh Digest Yustiniana) [The Debtor Protection in Roman Law (as Exemplified in the Digest of Justinian)]. Sibirskij yuridicheskij vestnik = Siberian Law Vestnik, 2001, no. 1. (In Russian)
Chelyshev M.Yu. Zakon RF «O zashchite prav potrebitelei»: neobkhodimost’ sovershenstvovaniya otdel’nykh polozhenij [The Law of Russia «On the Protection of Consumer Rights»: The Necessity to Improve Certain Norms]. Yuridicheskij mir = The Law World, 2009, no. 2. (In Russian)
Chelyshev M.Yu., Valeev D.Kh. O sovershenstvovanii sudebnogo i vnesudebnogo poryadkov zashchity prav potrebitelei [On the Improvement of Judicial and Extrajudicial Protection of Consumer Rights]. Zakony Rossii: opyt, analitika, praktika = Russian Laws: Experience, Analysis, Practice, 2010, no. 5. (In Russian)
Gambarov Yu.S. Kurs grazhdanskogo prava. T. 1: Chast’ obshchaya [Course of Civil Law. Vol. 1: General Part]. St. Petersburg, 1911. (In Russian)
Grubbs S.R., Machin P. International Civil Procedure. New York: Kluwer Law International, 2003.
Jodlowski J. Les principes de la procédurecivile polonaise. Revue internationale de droit compare, 2015, vol. 12, no. 2.
Kuz’mina A.V. Treteiskie ogovorki v dogovorakh prisoedineniya: problemy reformirovaniya grazhdanskogo i protsessual’nogo zakonodatel’stva [Arbitration Clauses in Accession Treaties: Problems of Reforming]. Zakon = Law, 2015, no. 4. (In Russian)
Lazić V. Procedural Justice for «Weaker Parties» in Cross-Border Litigation under the EU Regulatory Scheme. Utrecht Law Review, 2014, vol. 10, no. 4. Ryauzova E.P. Printsip dobrosovestnosti i zashchita slaboi storony grazhdanskogo pravootnosheniya: voprosy sootnosheniya [Principle of Good Faith and Protection of the Weaker Party of Legal Relations: Issues of Correlation] in Shapiro L.G., Kuropko I.A. (eds.). Sovremennaya yuridicheskaya nauka i praktika: aktual’nye problemy. T. 2: Sbornik nauchnykh statei [Contemporary Legal Theory and Practice: Actual Problems. Vol. 2: Collection of Research Papers]. Moscow, 2016. (In Russian)
Shamshurin L.L. O sostyazatel’nosti kak printsipe pravosudiya po grazhdanskim delam i roli suda: voprosy teorii i praktiki [On the Adversarial as a Principle of Justice in Civil Cases and the Role of the Court: Theory and Practice Issues]. Arbitrazhnij i grazhdanskij protsess = Arbitration and Civil Procedure, 2008, no. 12. (In Russian)
Sukhanov E.A. Sravnitel’noe korporativnoe pravo [Comparative Corporate Law]. Moscow, 2014. (In Russian)
Sultanov A.R. Evropeiskie standarty v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve na primere problemy «ekstremistskikh del» [European Standards in Civil Proceedings on the Example of the Problem of «Extreme Cases»]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2011, no. 1. (In Russian)
Vavilin E.V. Mekhanizm osushchestvleniya grazhdanskikh prav i ispolneniya obyazannostei [Mechanism of Exercitation of Rights and Performance of Obligations]: Dissertation … Doctor of Legal Sciences. Moscow, 2009. (In Russian)
Vavilin E.V. Osushchestvlenie i zashchita sub’ektivnykh prav slaboi storony v grazhdanskom pravootnoshenii [Realization and Protection of Subjective Rights of the Weaker Party in Civil Legal Relations]. Rossijskoe pravosudie = Russian Justice, 2007, no. 6. (In Russian)
Volos A.A. Printsipy obyazatel’stvennogo prava [Principles of Obligation Law]: Dissertation ... Candidate of Legal Sciences. Saratov, 2015. (In Russian)
Yarkov V., Medvedev I., Trushnikov S. Nekotorye problemy internatsionalizatsii tsivilisticheskogo protsessa i grazhdanskikh yurisdiktsij v Rossii [Some Problems of the Internationalization of Civil Procedure and Civil Jurisdiction in Russia]. Arbitrazhnij i grazhdanskij protsess= Arbitration and Civil Procedure, 2006, no. 1. (In Russian)
Information about the authors
Vavilin E.V. (Saratov, Russia) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Pro-Rector of the Saratov State Law Academy, Professor of the Department of Civil and Private International Law, Judge of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation of the Retired (410056, Saratov, Volskay street, 1; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org);
Volos A.A. (Saratov, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Teacher of the Department of Civil and Private International Law of the Saratov State Law Academy (410056, Saratov, Volskay street, 1; e-mail: email@example.com);
Surovov S.B. (Saratov, Russia) – Doctor of Sociology, Candidate of Political Sciences, Professor, Rector of the Saratov State Law Academy (410056, Saratov, Volskay street, 1; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
E.V. Vavilin, A.A. Volos, S.B. Surovov