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Actual Procedure of Election and Qualitative Composition of Elected Magistrates of the Province of the Don Cossack Host in the Second Half of the XIX Century

A.O. Inshakova, 
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Civil and International Private Law 
(Basic Department of the SSC RAS) of the Volgograd State University 

Ya.V. Trofimov, 
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Business Law, 
Civil and Arbitration Procedure of the Volgograd State University 

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-1-159-171

The article is devoted to legal analysis of results of reform processes of courts in the Russian Empire in the mid-nineteenth century and their impact on the internal structure of the Province of the Don Cossack Host, which was divided into 25 global sites. It is established that the election of justices of the peace, representing at that time a remarkable event like close to the capital and remote from it districts, has not always been easy, in the legal way. Cases when that happened in the election itself could become the subject of proceedings in the magistrates’ court are reviewed and analyzed. It is proved that the election procedure could significantly differ from those offered in modern legal, including educational, literature. Reasons for the increased public interest in the acquisition of the status of magistrates and the procedure of its election are examined. As an illustration, the authors show and comment published in archival materials information about the qualitative composition of justices of the peace of the Province of the Don Cossack Host in the second half of the XIX century, occurred in fact examples of elections, as well as the qualitative composition of elected justices of the peace in the Province of the Don Cossack Host in the second half of the XIX century. Scientific analysis is grounded in materials of periodicals of the Province of the Don Cossack Host of the reviewed period of time, a part of which is still not introduced into scientific circulation. 

References 

A.B. Melkie nabroski [Small Sketchs]. Donskaya rech’ = Don Speech, 1891, no. 138. (In Russian) 
L.B. Iz zapisnoi knizhki [From the Notepad]. Donskaya rech’ = Don Speech, 1888, no. 121. (In Russian)
Omikron. Ust’-Medveditskie dela i delishki [Ust-Medveditsky Business and Affairs]. Donskaya rech’ = Don Speech, 1889, no. 134. (In Russian) 
Seseryanin. Iz stanitsy Nizhne-Chirskoi [From the Nizhne-Chirskaya Village]. Donskaya rech’ = Don Speech, 1892, no. 127. (In Russian) 
Vnov’ izbrannye mirovye sud’i Ust’-Medveditskogo okruga [The Newly Elected Justices of the Peace of the Ust-Medveditsky District]. Donskaya rech’ = Don Speech, 1892, no. 128. (In Russian) 
Vybor mirovyh sudei v Taganrogskom okruge [Choice of Justices of the Peace in the Taganrog District]. Donskaya rech’=Don speech, 1889, no. 118. (In Russian) 
Vybory mirovyh sudei [Election of Justices of the Peace]. Donskaya rech’= Don speech, 1889, no. 141. (In Russian)
 
Information about the authors 

Inshakova A.O. (Volgograd) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Civil and International Private Law (Basic Department of the SSC RAS) of the Volgograd State University (400062, Volgograd, University Avenue, 100; e-mail: gimchp@volsu.ru; ainshakova@list.ru); 

Trofimov Ya.V. (Volgograd) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Business Law, Civil and Arbitration Procedure of the Volgograd State University (400062, Volgograd, University Avenue, 100; e-mail: trofimov@ volsu.ru). 

Recommended citation 

Inshakova A.O., Trofimov Ya.V. Real’naya protsedura vyborov i kachestvennyj sostav izbiravshihsya mirovyh sudei Oblasti Voiska Donskogo vo vtoroi polovine XIX v. [Actual Procedure of Election and Qualitative Composition of Elected Magistrates of the Province of the Don Cossack Host in the Second Half of the XIX Century]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2017, no. 1, p. 159–171. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-1-159-171

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A.O. Inshakova, Ya.V. Trofimov