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On Basic Concepts of Responsibility of the State, Arising from the Harm Caused by It (in the Context of the Relation with Civil Procedural Mechanism)

S.F. Afanasiev, 
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, 
Head of the Department of Arbitration Procedure 
of the Saratov State Law Academy, Judge in Retirement 

N.A. Makarova, 
Associate Professor of the Department of Civil and Private International Law 
of the Saratov State Law Academy, Judge in Retirement 

 DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-1-71-87 

The article based on a brief historical retrospective examines basic concepts of state responsibility, which arises because of the harm caused by its organs and officials. It is pointed out that due to the permanent historical development private law, public law and synthetic concepts of state responsibility have objectively occured, each of which dominated in the framework of a legal system or scientific doctrine. Currently, they are all co-exist harmoniously with each other and are implemented depending on the role, which gives the state and its organs in legal relations. In other words, the state can be informal private partner or carry out outwardly specific authoritative discretionary power. The latter circumstance will inevitably impact on the formation and implementation of the legal application of the mechanism responsible for compensation for the harm caused by the state itself, which has two related sides: substantive and procedural. It is argued that in the domestic legislation, unfortunately, the full correlation of these parties has not yet seen, as long as non claim forms and means of protection are often used for private law relationships, and vice versa, what is not conducive to effective judicial protection of rights and legitimate interests of entities entering into public attitude, coupled with the necessity to redress the harm caused by the state. 

References 

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Information about the authors 

Afanasiev S.F. (Saratov) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Arbitration Procedure of the Saratov State Law Academy, Judge in Retirement (410056, Saratov, Volskaya st., 1, Department of Civil Procedure; e-mail: af.73@mail.ru); 

Makarova N.A. (Saratov) – Associate Professor of the Department of Civil and Private International Law of the Saratov State Law Academy, Judge in Retirement (410056, Saratov, Volskaya st., 1, Department of Civil and Private International Law; e-mail: makarovana70@mail.ru). 

Recommended citation 

Afanasiev S.F., Makarova N.A. O bazovyh konceptsiyah otvetstvennosti gosudarstva, voznikayushchei za prichinennyj im vred (v aspekte svyazi s tsivilisticheskim protsessual’nym mehanizmom) [On Basic Concepts of Responsibility of the State, Arising from the Harm Caused by It (in the Context of the Relation with Civil Procedural Mechanism)]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2017, no. 1, p. 71–87. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-1-71-87

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S.F. Afanasiev, N.A. Makarova