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Circumstance in Proof in Civil Procedural Doctrine and Judicial Practice

E.A. Nakhova, 
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department 
of Business Law of the North-Western Branch of the All-Russian State University 
of Justice (RLA of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation) 

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-1-49-70

The article is devoted to the development of the concept of circumstance in proof in the civil law procedural doctrine. Under the circumstance in proof it is proposed to understand the totality of circumstances of substantive and procedural nature, the establishment of which the court needs for the proper resolution of the case and the burden of proof of which lies on persons involved in the case. Responsibility for determination of the circumstance in proof is vested in the court. The formation of the circumstance in proof assumes its preliminary assessment by searching the substantive rule governing the controversial relationship. Preliminary legal assessment carried out by a judge, based on the nature and content of a claim (statement), as well as objections to the claim, contained in response to the claim (application). Error in determination of circumstances of the circumstance in proof is grounds for cancellation of the judicial act in appellate proceedings. In conclusion, the author notes that normative legal regulation of rules of civil procedure governing rules of determination of the circumstance in proof requires improvement. The solution to this problem is possible only through fundamental reforming of the theory of law of evidence and rules governing proof of evidence in civil procedure. 

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Information about the author 

Nakhova E.A. (St. Petersburg) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Business Law of the North-Western Branch of the All-Russian State University of Justice (RLA of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation) (197136, Saint Petersburg, Lenina st., 46/23 ар. 19; e-mail: nahova.elena@yandex.ru). 

Recommended citation 

Nakhova E.A. Predmet dokazyvaniya v tsivilisticheskoi protsessual’noi doktrine i sudebnoi praktike [Circumstance in Proof in Civil Procedural Doctrine and Judicial Practice]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2017, no. 1, p. 49–70. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-1-49-70

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E.A. Nakhova