Herald of Civil Procedure
EN
main-photo

We in a citing index:

Actionability: In Search of the Lost Tradition?

T.V. Sakhnova, 
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department 
of Civil Procedure of the Siberian Federal University 

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-1-11-24

The article is devoted to the category of actionability in civil procedure. In the process of solving concrete problems legislative practice and jurisprudence refer to the ontology of procedure, historical paradigm and its evolution not often. According to the author, lack of this approach makes difficulties to output of effective and professionally not contradictory methodology for solving concrete issues. That is why the author refers to some of basic categories of civil procedure, which make connection between procedure and law, and where the category of actionability (Klagbarkeit) plays one of the first roles. Understanding of the actionability was and still is different; there is no unified view of origins and nature of the actionability and two approaches have received the largest recognition: (1) substantive and (2) procedural. Nowadays idea of the actionability as a certain competences and possibility, as an element of substantive claims is usual. The author expresses the view that civil procedure of the XXI century, being on a different historical stage of development, «returns» to the methodology of actionability, which was formed through the Roman understanding of the claim: as an expression of the relations between disputing parties and as a term which has its own «objectivity» and independence. 

Key words: actionability; right of action; enforceable; harmonization; civil procedure.

References 

Baron Yu. Sistema rimskago grazhdankago prava [Roman Civil Law System]. St. Petersburg, 1909. (In Russian) 
Belov V.A. Uchenie o sdelke v rossijskoi doktrine grazhdanskogo prava (literaturnij obzor). Chast’ 1, § 4 [Doctrine of the Transaction in the Russian Civil Law Doctrine (Literature Review). Part 1, § 4]. In Rozhkova M.A. (ed.). Sdelki: problemy teorii i praktiki: Sbornik statei [Transactions: Theory and Practice Problems: Collection of Articles]. Moscow, 2008. (In Russian) 
Carus G. Die selbstȁndige Klagbarkeit der gesetzlichen Zinsen nach rȍmischem, gemeinem deutschen Recht und der neueren Gesetzgebung. Halle, 1876.
Degenkolb H. Einlassungszwang und Urteilsnorm. Beiträge zur Materiellen Theorie der Klagen insbesondere der Anerkennungsklagen. Leipzig, 1877. 
Die Verschiedene Bedeutungsstufen des Vorvertrages. In Bucher E. und Sakadin P. (Hrsg.). Berner Festgabe zum Schweizerischen Justizgang 1979. Bern; Stuttgart, 1979. Nо. 21. 
El-Beherli N. Die Bedeutung der Laudationes Edicti av Beispiel des Kommentars Ulpians zur Rubrik des präoirische Edicts «De Pactis». Iustum Aequum Salutare, 2007, bd. III, no. 3. 
Gareis C. Die Klagbarkeit der Differenzgeschäfte. Berlin, 1882. 
Garsia Garrido M.H. Rimskoe chastnoe pravo: kazusy, iski, instituty [Roman Private Law: Incidents, Claims, Institutions]. Moscow, 2005. (In Russian) Gurvich M.A. Pravo na isk [Right of Action]. Moscow; St. Petersburg, 1949. (In Russian) 
Kummer M. Die Klage auf Verurteilung zur Abgabe einer Willenserklärung. Zeitschr. f. Schweiz. Recht, 1954, no. 73.
Leont’ev A.N. Diskussiya o problemah deyatel’nosti [Discussion on Problems of the Activities]. In Deyatel’nostnij podhod v psihologii: problemy i perspektivy [Activity Approach in Psychology: Problems and Prospects]. Moscow, 1990. 
Nechaev V.M. Teoriya dogovora. Lektsiya [Contract Theory: Lecture]. Moscow, 1888. (In Russian) 
Nefed’ev E.A. Uchenie ob iske [Doctrine of Action]. Kazan’, 1885. In Nefed’ev E.A. Izbrannye trudy [Selected Works]. Krasnodar, 2005. (In Russian)
Neumann H.-A. Der vertragliche Ausschluss der Klagbarkeit eines privatrechtlichen Anspruchs im deutschen und im deutschen internationaken Recht. Diss. München, 1967. 
Oertmann P. Die Fiducia im Römischen Privatrecht: Eine Rechtsgeschichtliche Untersuchung. Berlin, 1890. 
Plosz A. Beiträge zur Theorie des Klagerechts. Leipzig, 1880. 
Schulze G. Subjektives Recht und Klage – Axiome im deutschen und franzȍsischen Zivilrechtssystem. In Europäisches Privatrecht in Vielfalt geeint – Droit privé européen: l’unité dans la diversité: Der modernisierte Zivilprozess in Europa – Le procès civil modernisé en Europe. Walter de Gruyter, 2013.
Unterholzner K.-A., Huschke F.-E. Quellenmässige Zusammenstellung der Lehre des römischen Rechts von den Schuldverhältnissen, mit Berücks. Der heutigen Anwendung. Bd. 1. Leipzig, 1840. 
Wagner G. Prozeßverträge. Privatautonomie im Verfahrensrecht. Tübingen, 1998. Weller M.-F. Die Vertragstreue. Tübingen, 2009. 
Windscheid B. Die Actio des römischen Civilrechts vom Standpunkt des heutigen Rechts. Düsseldorf, 1856. 
Windscheid B. Die Actio. Abwehr gegen dr. Theodor Muther. Düsseldorf, 1857. 

Information about the author 

Sakhnova T.V. (Krasnoyarsk) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Civil Procedure of the Siberian Federal University (660075, Krasnoyarsk, Maerchaka st., 6, room 3-09A; e-mail: civil.law.process@gmail.com). 

Recommended citation 

Sakhnova T.V. Iskovost’: v poiskah utrachennoi traditsii? [Actionability: In Search of the Lost Tradition?]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2017, no. 1, p. 11–24. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-1-11-24

 el_.png   it_.png   book.png

T.V. Sakhnova