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Normative Regulation of Formation of the Composition of the Arbitration Tribunal in 1649–1917

A.I. Zaitsev, 
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Chairman of the Arbitration Court 
at the Chamber of Commerce of the Saratov Region 

The article investigates ways of formation of the composition of the arbitration tribunal in 1649–1917, analyzes regulatory requirements for arbitrators. In fact, at the normative level several «sets» of requirements to the candidacy of the arbitrator were provided, as well as directly to the procedure of formation of the composition of the arbitration tribunal. From the content of the Council Code of 1649 it follows that the Code envisaged the even composition of the arbitration tribunal consisting of two arbitrators. The decree of the Senate from 26 August 1727 reproduced instructions of the Council Code on the arbitration tribunal with addition of it by the mechanism for appointment of arbitrators by state courts. In 1774 the law provided that farmers for settlement of their internecine disputes selected on each side by one arbitrator – the farmer, who had the authority to resolve the dispute in the presence of the head or mayor. Extremely prominent position regarding the establishment of the arbitration tribunal was formulated by the legislator in 1802: according to it disputing parties were supposed to elect only arbitrators in an equal number, and the last – the chairman of the arbitration tribunal. This is, in part, reduced possibilities of the unfair side of dispute on delaying of procedure of formation of the composition of the arbitration tribunal. Conclusion about the absence of the unified regulatory solution to these issues is drawn.

Keywords: arbitrator; chairman of the composition; appointment; selection; removal; requirements.


References 

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Information about the author: 

Zaitsev A.I. (Saratov) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Chairman of the Arbitration Court at the Chamber of Commerce of the Saratov Region (410071, Saratov, Shelkovichnaya st., build 186; e-mail: info@sartpp.ru).

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A.I. Zaitsev