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Is a Judicial Review of Normative Legal Acts (or Their Separate Provisions) Become Inoperative Permissible?

V.V. Yarkov, 
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Civil Procedure 
of the Ural State Law University, Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation 

The article analyzes the possibility of challenging in the court normative acts become inoperative. The interested person, in particular, can protect his rights not by contesting regulatory legal acts become inoperative at the time of his going to the court, but appealing based on them decisions and actions (inaction) of authorities and officials, for recognizing which illegal there are no obstacles, because the court, having established the illegality of an act of a state or other authority (including become inoperative) with the act more legal force, decides in accordance with the latter. Regarding regulations become inoperative at the time of going to the court, an abstract judicial review is unacceptable, only a concrete way of judicial review is possible. The court may not terminate proceedings about contesting the normative legal act recognized as inoperative by the decision of the authority or person passed it after the filing to the court a declaration, if during a trial it will be established that the contested normative legal act violates rights and freedoms of the applicant guaranteed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, laws and other normative legal acts.

Keywords: contestation of normative legal acts; civil proceedings; administrative proceedings; Constitution of the Russian Federation.


References 

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Alekseev S.S. Obshchaya teoriya prava [General Theory of Law]. Moscow, vol. 2, 1982, p. 246. (In Russian) 
Nikitin S.V. Sudebnyi kontrol’ za normativnymi pravovymi aktami v grazhdanskom i arbitrazhnom protsesse [Judicial Review of Normative Legal Acts in Civil and Arbitration Procedure]. Moscow, 2010, p. 268. (In Russian) 
Sakhnova T.V. Kurs grazhdanskogo protsessa [Course of Civil Procedure]. 2nd ed. Moscow, 2014, p. 574. (In Russian) 
Burkov A.L. Sudebnaya zashchita prav grazhdan ot nezakonnykh normativnykh aktov [Judicial Protection of Rights of Citizens against Illegal Regulations]. Ekaterinburg, 2005, p. 140. (In Russian) 
Sultanov A.R. Osparivanie normativnykh aktov v arbitrazhnykh sudakh i formirovanie edinoobraznoi praktiki Prezidiumom VAS RF [Litigation of Regulations in Arbitration Courts and the Formation of Uniform Practices by the Presidium of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2012, no. 1, pp. 51–86. (In Russian) Vershinin A.P. Sposoby zashchity grazhdanskikh prav v sude [Methods of Protection of Civil Rights in the Court]. St. Petersburg, 1997. (In Russian) Vershinin A.P. Vybor sposoba zashchity grazhdanskikh prav [Selection of the Method of Protection of Civil Rights]. St. Petersburg, 2000. (In Russian) 

Information about the author: 

  Yarkov V.V. (Ekaterinburg) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Civil Procedure of the Ural State Law University, Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation (620137, Ekaterinburg, Komsomolskaya st., 21, 404 room; e-mail: kafedra.gp@gmail.ru).

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V.V. Yarkov