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Rejection of a Claim in the Mechanism of Judicial Protection of Civil Rights

O.V. Nikolaychenko, 
Candidate of Legal Sciences, 
Associate Professor of the Department 
of Civil Procedure of the Saratov State Law Academy 

The article analyzes the rejection of a claim in the mechanism of judicial protection. In the procedural literature of recent years we are increasingly finding an opinion on the limitation of the right to judicial protection, legally veiled in paragraph 1 of Part 1 of Article 134 and paragraph 2 of Article 220 of the Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, as well as to the conclusion of a settlement agreement, which prevents to reception of the judicial protection of violated rights and interests protected by law. The need to resolve conflicts of jurisdiction, ensuring the unity of law enforcement – main arguments in favor of a unified procedure code, requested by time. In many cases, it is theoretically impossible to establish the presence or absence of a base for refusing to accept the statement of a claim (application). For example, to establish the existence of an enforceable court decision on the identity claim is hardly possible in the stage of commencement of civil case on the basis of submitted documents by the interested party (the statement of claim and documents attached thereto). The author describes theoretical and practical problems of realization of the basis for refusal in acceptance of the statement of claim on the basis of historical analysis of procedural rules governing the institute and the Concept of the Unified Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation. 

   Keywords: rejection of a claim; judicial power; judicial protection; civil procedure; the Concept of the Unified Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation. 

References 

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  Volodkina A.I. Normy, regulirujushchie polnomochija suda vo vremja vozbuzhdenija proizvodstva po delu v grazhdanskom i arbitrazhnom sudoproizvodstve (sravnitel’nyi analiz) [Rules Governing Powers of the Court at the Time of Commencement of the Proceedings in Civil and Arbitral Proceedings (Comparative Analysis)]. In Polnomochija suda v grazhdanskom, arbitrazhnom i administrativnom sudoproizvodstve: Sbornik statej po materialam Vserossijskogo nauchno-prakticheskogo kruglogo stola (7 nojabrja 2014 g.) [Powers of the Court in Civil, Arbitral and Administrative Proceedings: Collection of Articles on Materials of the Russian National Scientific-Practical Round Table Discussion (7 November 2014)]. St. Petersburg, 2014, p. 51. (In Russian) 
 
Information about the author 

  Nikolaychenko O.V. (Saratov) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Civil Procedure of the Saratov State Law Academy (410056, Saratov, Chernyshevsky st., 104; e-mail: vafanasieva@sgap.ru).

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O.V. Nikolaychenko