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Problems of Commencement of Cassational Proceedings in the Light of the Concept of the Unified Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation

I.N. Balashova, 
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department 
of Civil Procedure of the Saratov State Law Academy 

The author analyzes the modern condition and perspectives of improvement of issues related to commencement of cassational proceedings due to acceptance of the Concept of the Unified Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation. In administering of justice, unfortunately, courts of first instance allow violations of substantive and procedural law. Moreover, even courts of second instance, which, as a rule, successfully cope with functions of the judicial audit with respect to courts of first instance, from time to time, not only do not notice errors of lower courts, but they themselves sometimes admit violations of the law, which can be conditionally called «judicial errors». In order to eliminate errors that occur in judicial decisions that have entered into force, the legislator provides for the procedure for the cassational revision of judicial decisions. The subject of review in cassation are all judicial decisions which have entered into force, except for judgments of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation. 

   Keywords: civil procedure; cassational proceedings; review of court rulings, entered into force; judicial error. 

References 

    Balashova I.N., Baturina N.A. Sudebnaja oshibka kak predposylka sushchestvovanija sistemy sudebnogo kontrolja [A Judical Error as a Prerequisite for the Existence of the System of Judicial Review]. Mirovoj sud’ja = Magistrate, 2008, no. 2, p. 5. (In Russian) 
   Balashova I.N. Porjadok vozbuzhdenija i rassmotrenija grazhdanskih del v sude nadzornoj instantsii [The Procedure of Initiation and Review of Civil Cases in the Court of Supervisory Instance]. Saratov, 2006. (In Russian) 
   Yarkov V.V. Razvitie tsivilisticheskogo protsessa v Rossii: otdel’nye voprosy [Development of Civil Procedure in Russia: Selected Issues]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2011, no. 1, p. 24. (In Russian) 
  Baturina N.A. Protsedura predvaritel’nogo izuchenija kassatsionnoj zhaloby (fil’tratsija): nedostatki pravovogo regulirovanija [Procedure of the Preliminary Examination of the Cassation Complaint (Filtering): Shortcomings of the Legal Regulation]. Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij protsess = Arbitral and Civil Procedure, 2014, no. 11, p. 42. (In Russian) 
    Vikut M.A. Juridicheskaja zainteresovannost’ – osnovanie uchastija v sudebnom razbiratel’stve grazhdan i organizatsij [Legal Interest – the Basis of Participation in the Trial of Citizens and Organizations]. In Voprosy teorii i praktiki sudebnogo razbiratel’stva grazhdanskih del: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov [Issues of Theory and Practice of Civil Litigation of Cases: Collection of Scientific Papers]. Saratov, 1988, p. 31. (In Russian) 
   Toporin N.B. (ed.). Evropejskaja konventsija o zashchite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod. Kommentarij k st. 5 i 6 [European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Commentary on Art. 5 and 6]. Moscow, 1997, p. 110. (In Russian) 
     Borisova E.A. Razvitie norm GPK RF o proverke i peresmotre postanovlenij: teorija i praktika [Development of Standards of the Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation on the Audit and Review of Decisions: Theory and Practice]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2013, no. 4, p. 74. (In Russian). 
    Savel’eva T.A. Sudebnaja vlast’ v grazhdanskom protsesse [The Judiciary in Civil Procedure]. Saratov, 1997, p. 59. (In Russian) 
  Chekmareva A.V. Problemy podgotovitel’nyh protsedur v grazhdanskom protsesse i vozmozhnye puti ih reshenija [Problems of Preparatory Procedures in Civil Procedure and Its Possible Solutions]. Saratov, 2015, p. 246. (In Russian) 

Information about the author 

    Balashova T.N. (Saratov) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Civil Procedure of the Saratov State Law Academy (410056, Saratov, Chernyshevsky st., 104; e-mail: vafanasieva@sgap.ru).


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I.N. Balashova