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The Main Innovations of Recast Regulation (EU) on Jurisdiction and the Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments
Master in EU Law (LL.M.), Postgraduate Student of Vilnius University (Lithuania),
Lecturer of the Department of Civil and Arbitration Procedure of the Omsk State University
In the present article the author deals with the main changes to the Recast Regulation (EU) on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments that were adopted in 2012 and will be in force from the beginning of 2015. It is noted that researches in the field of European harmonization of procedural law are important from both theoretical grounds (adoption of EU’s experience is possible in the development of future bases of Eurasian integration) and practical ones (proceedings in EU Member States may involve individuals or legal entities domiciled in Russia). Herewith the Regulation under analysis is of particular interest since it appears to be a fundamental EU act in the sphere of civil procedure. The recent amendments and additions to it may be divided into four groups: 1) those that clarify the sphere of interaction between the proceedings in accordance with Regulation and arbitration (the latter being excluded from the scope of the act); 2) those that partly extend the scope of the Regulation to include parties, not domiciled in the EU; 3) those that complement rules on parallel proceedings (lis pendens) and related actions by establishing jurisdictional priority for the court chosen by the parties before the court that was first seized of an action, and also by allowing to apple the named rules in case the proceedings emerge in a third state; 4) those that reform the process of judgments’ recognition and enforcement by abolishing the necessity to receive a preliminary declaration of enforceability (exequatur) in a requested state. Within the article both positive and negative aspects of the reforms are mentioned; the attention is also made to the legal gaps and omissions the authors of the reforms did.
Keywords: Regulation No. 1215/2012; Regulation No. 44/2001; jurisdiction in cross-border cases; arbitration; lis pendens; agreements on jurisdiction; recognition and enforcement of judgments; abolition of exequatur.
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Information about the author
Terekhov V.V. (Omsk) – Master in EU Law (LL.M.), Postgraduate Student of Vilnius University (Lithuania), Lecturer of the Department of Civil and Arbitration Procedure of the Omsk State University (644065, Russian Federation, Omsk, 50 Let Profsoyuzov st., 100/1; e-mail: email@example.com).