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Commentary on the Provisions of the Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation on Courts Jurisdiction and Venue

D.Kh. Valeev,
Professor of the Department of Environmental, Employment Law and Civil Procedure 
of the Kazan (Volga region) Federal University

S.Yu. Baranov,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Assistant of the Department of Environmental, 
Employment Law and Civil Procedure of the Kazan (Volga region) Federal University


This comment section to the Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation is devoted to analysis of the procedural norms of law on сourts jurisdiction and venue. Trial plots and justices of the peace are established and abolished by the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, so the boundary of the territorial jurisdiction of the justice of the peace will be governed by the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The rules determining in rem jurisdiction of the judicial system’s levels of the Russian Federation are defined by reference to particular types of cases dealt with by a court. An exception to this rule is the subject-matter jurisdiction of the district courts which defined by exclusion of categories of cases from the jurisdiction of the other levels (i.e. if the case is not related to the subject-matter jurisdiction of another level of the judicial system, it is subject to review in the district court). The Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation installed various types of territorial jurisdiction: alternative, exclusive, by the interrelation of choses in action. In many cases, establishing the rules of jurisdiction based on the requirement of justice: most of the evidence is not at the defendant, but, for example, at the location of the immovable property, the performance of the contract. 

Keywords: comments of legislation; Code of Civil Procedure; venue; subject-matter jurisdiction; in rem jurisdiction; territorial jurisdiction; alternative jurisdiction; exclusive jurisdiction; jurisdiction by the interrelation of choses in action.


Information about the authors 

  Valeev D.Kh. (Kazan) – Professor of the Department of Environmental, Employment Law and Civil Procedure of the Kazan (Volga region) Federal University (420008, Kazan, Kremlin st., 18, 235 room; e-mail: valeev55@gmail.com). 

  Baranov S.Yu. (Kazan) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Assistant of the Department of Environmental, Employment Law and Civil Procedure of the Kazan (Volga region) Federal University (420008, Kazan, Kremlin st., 18, 235 room; e-mail: dr.serjio@yandex.ru).

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D.Kh. Valeev, S.Yu. Baranov