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Mediation in Islamic Law (Sharia) and Its Use in Some Countries of the Islamic World

R.R. Shaydullin,
Lecturer of the Department of State and Law Theory and Public Disciplines 
of the Institute of Economics, Management and Law  

S.Yu. Baranov,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Assistant of the Department of Environmental, 
Employment Law and Civil Procedure of the Kazan (Volga region) Federal University 


The article analyzes of the use of mediation in the Muslim world. The authors proceeds from the idea that one of the most important conclusions of the cross-cultural studies of conflict resolution is that religion is a perennial and, perhaps inevitably, to both conflict and conflict resolution. Religion, after all, is a powerful component of the cultural norms and values, and because it’s addresses the deepest existential questions of human life. Unlike the Western model of mediation, the Islamic system of mediation is different in that it reinforces religious principles. Mediation should only be applied when settlement of disputes in permitted activities should be useful. Considered to be bound by the settlement agreement by Shariah law, disregard of which is unreasonable and constitutes an offence and carries a more severe punishment in the afterlife. 

Keywords: mediation; Islamic law (Sharia).


References
 
  Said A.A., Funk N.C. The Role of Faith in Cross-Cultural Conflict Resolution (http:// www.gmu.edu/programs/icar/pcs/ ASNC83PCS.htm). 
            Sūrah al-Baqarah (2:178) // The Holy Qur’ān: Text, Translation and Commentary by A. Yūsuf Alī. New Revised Edition. Amana Corporation, 1989. 
           Kemicha F. The Approach to Mediation in the Arab World // Conference on Mediation (March 29, 1996, Geneva, Switzerland) (http://www.wipo.int/amc/en/events/ conferences/1996/kemicha.html). 
            Karmali A. The Influence of Sharia Norms of Dispute Settlement and International Law: The International Court of Justice, Room for Accommodation? // The International Journal of Arbitration, Mediation and Dispute Management. 2009. Vol. 75. No. 3. P. 323.         
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           Iqbal W. Dialogue and the Practice of Law and Spiritual Values: Courts, Lawyering and ADR: Glimpses into the Islamic Tradition // Fordham Urban Law Journal. 2001. Vol. 28. Issue 4. P. 1041. 
         Bogolyubov A.S. Kadi // Islam: entsiklopedicheskii slovar’ [Islam: Encyclopedic Dictionary] (in Russian) / Ed. by S.M. Prozorov. M., 1991. P. 252. 
       Hassan S.Z.S., Cederroth S. Managing Marital Disputes in Malaysia: Islamic Mediators and Conflict Resolution in the Shariah Courts. Curzon Press, 1997. 

Information about the authors 

    Shaydullin R.R. (Kazan) – Lecturer of the Department of State and Law Theory and Public Disciplines of the Institute of Economics, Management and Law (420111, Kazan, Moscow st., 42; e-mail: ieml@ya.ru). 

   Baranov S.Yu. (Kazan) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Assistant of the Department of Environmental, Employment Law and Civil Procedure of the Kazan (Volga region) Federal University (420008, Kazan, Kremlin st., 18, 235 room; e-mail: dr.serjio@yandex.ru).

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R.R. Shaydullin, S.Yu. Baranov