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Is Jurisdiction a Subjective Right to Consideration of the Case in Court According to the Established Jurisdiction, or a Guarantee of Court Durrently Established by the Legislator?

A.R. Sultanov,
Head of Legal Department «Nizhnekamskneftekhim»


Whether in this article the author analyzes the legislator in connection of the principles, the rights of citizens at establishment of jurisdiction and comes to a conclusion that the legislator also has to consider the requirements of «lawfully established, instead of randomly chosen court». He legislator by establishing jurisdiction has to realize the establishing exclusive jurisdiction or special jurisdiction, he interferes with the right that have been already existing at the respondent to court in the location (the general jurisdiction). He author notes that need of definition by the law of appropriate court for each cases excludes the indistinct or broad determination of judicial competence allowing it in any interpretation by a subject of law; otherwise jurisdiction of affairs can’t be considered as the lawfully established. OTen not only specialist in procedural law, but also a modern subject of law in consideration of the case with artiffcially changed jurisdiction doesn’t see time of violation of the rights of the respondent. He author believes that the main reason was establishment of the general jurisdiction in a residence of the respondent, in particular, because the court has to have opportunity to consider dispute, opportunity to listen to both parties. Jurisdiction in the location of the respondent is «natural jurisdiction», in a certain degree excluding abuse of the right to judicial protection of the claimant. 

Keywords: jurisdiction; court; civil process; right to lawful court; fair justice.


References 

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Information about the author
    
   Sultanov A.R. (Nizhnekamsk) – Head of Legal Department «Nizhnekamskneftekhim» (423574, Tatarstan Republic, Nizhnekamsk city, JSC «Nizhnekamskneftekhim», e-mail: sultanovAR@nknh.ru).


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A.R. Sultanov