Herald of Civil Procedure
EN
main-photo

We in a citing index:

The Reform and Development of the Institutions of Evidence in Russia: Results of the Decade

M.A. Fokina,
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of the Department of Civil, 
Arbitration and Administrative Procedural Law of the Russian Academy of Justice


The article is devoted to the development of the institution of proof in civil proceedings since the adoption of the current Code of Civil Procedure of the Russian Federation. The overall objective of proof in civil cases is correct and timely determination of the circumstances of the case. In modern law, the term «right» ceases to be evaluative, subjective. The concept of proper consideration and resolution of the civil case from the point of view of the mechanism of judicial protection of rights reflects the result of the operation as a whole mechanism, and all its constituent elements. As part of the overall goal of proving – correct and timely establishing the facts of the case – should be distinguished between intermediate targets, i.e. targets that are facing the subjects of the evidentiary activity in the individual stages of the process. The author critically approaches the lawful opportunity of not to make the reasoning of the judgment, as seriously prejudiced of judicial acts. As an output, the author notes that the need should be improved regulatory in the institutions of the «electronic evidence», real evidence, procedural forms of the part’s recognition, the legal status of the specialist, and many others. These issues can only be a result of the reform of the system of institutions that make up the law of evidence, and their application in civil proceedings. 

Keywords: evidence; proof; judgment; civil process.


References 

   Sal’via M. de. Precedenty Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka [Precedents of the European Court of Human Rights] (in Russian). St. Petersburg, 2004. P. 421–422. 
   Skobelev V.P. Problemy motivirovannosti sudebnyh reshenij v grazhdanskom processual’nom prave Respubliki Belarus’ [Problems of the motivating of judicial decisions in the civil procedural law of the Republic of Belarus] (in Russian) // Herald of Civil Procedure. 2012. No. 3. 
  Bezrukov A.M. Prejudicial’naja svjaz’ sudebnyh aktov [Prejudicial court decisions link] (in Russian). M., 2007. 
  Bonner A.T. Sootnoshenie vlastnosti i dispozitivnosti v razvitii grazhdanskih processual’nyh pravootnoshenij [The imperiousness and optionality ratio in the development of civil procedural legal relationships] (in Russian) // Actual problems of protection of rights of citizens and organizations / Ed. by M.S. Shakarjan. M., 1985. P. 21. 
   Kudrjavtseva E.V. Grazhdanskoe sudoproizvodstvo Anglii [Civil proceedings in England] (in Russian). M., 2008. P. 75. 
  Kudrjavtseva E.V. Institut raskrytija dokazatel’stv v Rossii i Anglii [Institute for disclosure of evidence in Russia and England] (in Russian) // The Laws of Russia: experience, analysis, and practice. 2007. No. 1. 
  Shvarts Z.I. Razmyshlenija o soderzhanii i predelah dokazatel’stvennogo znachenija notarial’nogo akta (na primere notarial’no udostoverennyh sdelok) [Reflections on the content and range of evidentiary value of the notarial act (exemplified by notarized transactions)] (in Russian) // On the 10th anniversary of notarial studies: Collection of materials and articles. M., 2012. P. 65. 
   Grjadov A.V. Dokazatel’stvennaja sila notarial’nogo akta v prave Rossii i Francii [The probative force of the notarial act in Russian and French law] (in Russian). M.; Berlin, 2012. P. 11. 
  Chiganova S.D. Formirovanie ubezhdenija suda pervoj instancii v iskovom proizvodstve [Forming beliefs trial court in adversary proceedings] (in Russian): Abstract of Dissertation. Candidate of Legal Sciences. Tomsk, 1985. P. 9. 
   Fokina M.A. Ocenka dokazatel’stv i novyj Grazhdanskij processual’nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii [Evaluation of the evidence and the new Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation] (in Russian) // Arbitration and Civil Procedure. 2003. No. 6. 
   Grjadov A.V. Dokazatel’stvennaja sila notarial’nogo akta v prave Rossii i Francii: sravnitel’no-pravovoe issledovanie [The probative force of the notarial act in Russian and French law: a comparative legal research] (in Russian): Abstract of Dissertation. Candidate of Legal Sciences. Ekaterinburg, 2011. P. 6. 
   Voronov A.F. Principy grazhdanskogo processa: proshloe, nastojashhee, budushhee [Principles of civil procedure: past, present, and future] (in Russian). M., 2009. P. 38. 
   Borisova E. Obzhalovanie ne vstupivshih v zakonnuju silu sudebnyh reshenij v grazhdanskom processe [An appeal does not become enforceable judgments in civil trial] (in Russian) // Russian Justice. 2003. No. 10. P. 18. 
   Timofeev Ju.A. Polnomochija suda vtoroj instancii v grazhdanskom processe: sovremennye problemy [The powers of the court of second instance in civil proceedings: contemporary issues] (in Russian). M., 2008. 

Information about the author 
 
   Fokina M.A. (Moscow) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of the Department of Civil, Arbitration and Administrative Procedural Law of the Russian Academy of Justice (Russian Federation, Moscow city, Novocheremushkinskaya st., 69A, e-mail: info@raj.ru).

 el_.png   it_.png   book.png

M.A. Fokina