Herald of Civil Procedure

We in a citing index:


Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Civil Law,
Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University


The personal non-property and property rights infringed by the entering of the civil act record
are considered in the article. The necessity of the research is based on the absence of the proper
legal regulation of the contestation and annulment of the civil act record, effected on the basis
of the false documents without the required by law will of a person to registration of the act
of civil status. There was undertaken the analysis of the law enforcement practice on annulment
of act records of birth, death, marriage, divorce as well as of establishment of paternity.
There were indicated the criteria for delimitation between invalid and non-effected marriage.
There was identified the specificity of the annulment of the civil act record of divorce
resulted from judicial and administrative procedures. There was stated the different reactions
of courts on fictitious dissolution of marriage. The author comes to conclusion that in the
basis of annulment of the civil act basis (being one of the remedies mean) lies the statement
on absence of such legal fact as act of civil status. If there is any legal defect in the effected act
or it is necessary to overcome a presumption set out in the law, then the other remedy means
should be used such as invalidation or contestation of the act of civil status. To protect timely
the rights and their effective restoration it was proposed to introduce in the law on acts of
civil status the bases for the courts to deliver decisions on annulment of the civil act recordы
and to determine the list of persons having the respective right to claim.

Keywords: annulment of civil act record; invalidity of marriage; dissolution of marriage;
contestation of paternity (maternity).


Kosova O.Iu. Semeinoe parvo [Family Law] 2nd ed. Irkutsk: Irkutsk Law Institute
(Branch) of University of Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation, 2016. 559 p.
(In Russ.)
Levushkin A.N., Serebriakova A.A. Semeinoe parvo [Family Law]. Ulyanovsk: Ulyanovsk
State University Publ., 2011. 368 p. (In Russ.)
Shakhmatov V.P., Khaskelberg B.L. Novyi kodeks o brake i sem’e RSFSR [The New
Code on Marriage and Family of the RSFSR]. Tomsk: Tomsk University Publishing
House, 1970. 324 p. (In Russ.)
Sitkova O.Iu. Sposoby zashchity semeinykh prav [Ways to Protect Family Rights]. Vestnik
Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriia: Pravo – Bulletin of Voronezh
State University. Series: Law, 2014, pp. 2, pp. 106–115. (In Russ.)
Tarusina N.N. Semeinoe pravo: ocherki iz klassiki i moderna: monografiia [Family
Law: Essays from the Classics and Modernity: Monograph]. Yaroslavl: Yaroslavl State
University Publ., 2009. 616 p. (In Russ.)
Tarusina N.N., Sochneva O.I. Fiktivnost’ v semeino-pravovoi sfere: prodolzhenie sleduet
[Fictitious Family in the Legal Sphere: To Be Continued]. Sotsial’no-iuridicheskaia
tetrad’ – Socio-Legal Notebook, 2015, no. 5, pp. 45–65. (In Russ.)
Temnikova N.A. Annulirovanie zapisi akta o rastorzhenii braka: problemy pravoprimeneniia
[Cancellation of the Civil Registration Record About Dissolution of
Marriage: Problems of Enforcement]. Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Seriia «Pravo». –
Herald of Omsk University. Series “Law”, 2017, no. 2(51), pp. 91–95. (In Russ.)
Temnikova N.A. Fiktivnost’ v semeinom prave [Fictitiousness in Family Law]. Vestnik
Omskogo universiteta. Seriia «Pravo». – Herald of Omsk University. Series “Law”,
2017, no. 4(53), pp. 105–110. (In Russ.)

Information about the author

O.N. Nizamieva (Kazan, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Civil Law, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University (18 Kremlevskaia
St., Kazan, 420008, Russia; e-mail: [email protected]).

Recommended citation

Nizamieva O.N. Sootnoshenie iska o priznanii nedeistvitel’nym akta grazhdanskogo
sostoianiia i trebovaniia ob annulirovanii aktovoi zapisi [The Correlation Between Lawsuit
on Recognition as Invalid of the Act of Civil Status and Claim on Annulment of Civil
Act Record]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure, 2021, vol. 11,
no. 6, pp. 140–153. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2021-11-6-140-153