Herald of Civil Procedure

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Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Environmental,
Labour Law and Civil Procedure, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University,
Honoured Lawyer of the Russian Federation

Retired Judge, Vakhitovsky District Court of Kazan


The article deals with the issues related to the establishment of judicial truth in civil
cases. The author analyses the viewpoints that exist in the doctrine and judicial practice
concerning the problem in question and substantiates the absence of legal grounds for
rejection of the principle of objective truth in legal proceedings. It is pointed out that the
courts in considering cases can be established both objective and formal truth, which form
a single concept of judicial truth. It is stated that the presumption of truthfulness of court
decisions is generated by the existence of formal truth in judicial proceedings and the court
decisions, which are based on the formal truth, the action of this presumption becomes
valid. In conclusion, it is concluded that the presumption of truthfulness of a court decision
is based on the fact that, as a rule, courts, after resolving disputes in compliance with all
requirements of the law, make a decision based on the law, in cases the judicial truth of
the case is established. The decision reflects the actual circumstances of the case, the rights
and obligations of the parties, and therefore it is highly probable to admit that in each case
a correct decision is taken, unreasonable decisions are taken in rare cases.

Keywords: civil procedure; principles of law; purpose of proof; objective, formal, judicial
truth; adversarial; presumption of truthfulness of court decisions.


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Information about the author

R.V. Shakiryanov (Kazan, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Environmental, Labour Law and Civil Procedure, Kazan (Volga
Region) Federal University, Honoured Lawyer of the Russian Federation (18 Kremlevskaia
St., Kazan, 420008, Russia; e-mail: rakat51@mail.ru).

D.R. Shakiryanova (Kazan, Russia) – Retired Judge, Vakhitovsky District Court of
Kazan (18 Kremlevskaia St., Kazan, 420008, Russia; e-mail: daniars@rambler.ru).

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