Herald of Civil Procedure
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SECURING EVIDENCE IN CIVIL PROCEDURE: DEVELOPMENT OF THEORY, LEGISLATIVE AND PRACTICE

E.I. NOSYREVA,
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor,
Head of the Department of Civil Law and Procedure,
Voronezh State University

D.G. FILCHENKO,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Civil Law and Procedure,
Voronezh State University

The article presents an analysis of the institution of securing evidence in the civil process
from the point of view of the development of its legal regulation, doctrine and practice.
The teaching of professor M.K. Treushnikov on the evidence is taken as a basis. Through
the prism of his ideas, theoretical concepts of securing evidence are revealed, from prerevolutionary
works to modern research; the sequence of the formation of norms on the
securing evidence on the example of procedural codes of various periods; trends in the law
practice of securing evidence. The correlation of the securing evidence with the elements of
the judicial proof is revealed. It is substantiated that the securing evidence includes such
elements of the structure of judicial proof as: indication of facts, indication of evidence
and preliminary assessment. The end result of the procedural action to secure evidence
is the possibility of implementing all subsequent elements – presentation, disclosure,
investigation and final assessment of evidence. Conclusions are formulated on the results
of the development of the institution of securing evidence, which from rather brief and
obvious provisions of procedural legislation, a few practice has turned into an actual
procedural activity. Its demand is predicted to grow in the context of digitalization of
information, as well as due to the possibility of using it in the framework of arbitration.
At the same time, an increase in the number of cases of unfounded appeal of interested
parties to actions to secure evidence is noted. The authors support a critical assessment
of the rule of the Arbitration Procedure Code of the Russian Federation that the securing
evidence is carried out by the arbitration court according to the rules for securing a claim,
and a proposal for a unified regulation of this institution in accordance with the rules of
the Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: judicial proof; evidence; securing evidence by the court; pre-trial securing
evidence; civil procedure; arbitration procedure; arbitration; notary.

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Information about the author

E.I. Nosyreva (Voronezh, Russia) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head of the
Department of Civil Law and Procedure, Voronezh State University (1 Universitetskaia
Sq., Voronezh, 394036, Russia; e-mail: e.i.nosyreva@gmail.com).

D.G. Filchenko (Voronezh, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Civil Law and Procedure, Voronezh State University (1 Universitetskaia
Sq., Voronezh, 394036, Russia; e-mail: d.filchenko@mail.ru).

Recommended citation

Nosyreva E.I., Filchenko D.G. Obespechenie dokazatel’stv v tsivilisticheskom
protsesse: razvitie teorii, zakonodatel’stva i praktiki [Securing Evidence in Civil Procedure:
Development of Theory, Legislative and Practice]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa
– Herald of Civil Procedure, 2021, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 159–190. (In Russ.) https://doi.
org/10.24031/2226-0781-2021-11-5-159-190

E.I. NOSYREVA, D.G. FILCHENKO