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NECESSARY (COMPULSORY) EVIDENCES IN CIVIL PROCEDURE

S.V. NIKITIN,
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor,
Head of the Department of Civil and Administrative Proceedings,
Russian State University of Justice

In this article, the author examines the concept and procedural and legal significance of
necessary (mandatory) forensic evidence. It analyzes the formulated by M.K. Treushnikov,
who was the first in the procedural doctrine who paid attention to the legal obligation
to use certain means of proof when establishing certain legal facts, the positive rule of
admissibility of evidence, the positions of other authors on the issue of necessary evidence
in civil proceedings. The rule of necessary (obligatory) evidence is considered as a special
rule of judicial proof. At the end of the study it is concluded that the allocation of necessary
evidence is carried out from the same content of factual data, reflecting the same fact, based
on the peculiarities of their procedural form. Necessary evidence in its form is a specific
type of a written document or expert opinion. Thus, the rule of proving the circumstances
of the case with the use of necessary evidence concerns the form of evidence, beyond its
content. The thesis is also put forward that necessary evidence, due to the specifics of the
procedure for its formation, the presence of requirements established by law to its form
and content, has a significant evidentiary value.

Keywords: civil procedure; judicial evidences; positive rule of admissibility of evidences;
necessary (compulsory) evidences.

References

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Information about the author

S.V. Nikitin (Moscow, Russia) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head of the
Department of Civil and Administrative Proceedings, Russian State University of Justice
(69 Novocheremushkinskaia St., Moscow, 117418, Russia; e-mail: svnikitin56@gmail.com).

Recommended citation

Nikitin S.V. Neobkhodimye (obiazatel’nye) dokazatel’stva v grazhdanskom protsesse
[Necessary (Compulsory) Evidences in Civil Procedure]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa
– Herald of Civil Procedure, 2021, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 61–70. (In Russ.) https://doi.
org/10.24031/2226-0781-2021-11-5-61-70

S.V. NIKITIN