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ON THE LEGAL NATURE OF ASTRENT

A.V. FIOSHIN,
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Professor, Department of Civil Law Disciplines,
Moscow Academy of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation, Associate Professor,
Department of Civil Law, Russian State University of Justice

https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2021-11-3-29-49

The article is devoted to the study of the legal nature of astrent. Examines the question
of whether it is possible to consider astrent as a variety of liability and the collateral
obligations. Doctrinal views on the attribution of astrent to a public law, private law or
mixed institution are considered. It is proposed to consider the legal nature of astrent
through the prism of the author’s concept of “legal pyramid”. A brief retrospective analysis of
the appearance of astrent in the modern legal order of Russia is carried out. Critical remarks
of scientists-protsessualists regarding the consolidation of the institute of astrent in civil
legislation are given. Based on the analysis of the Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme
Court of the Russian Federation of 24 March 2016 No. 7, the types of family law disputes
in which an astrent is permissible are considered. The question of the correlation of the
provisions on astrent in the material and procedural codes, as well as their application, is
analyzed. The question of determining the size of the astrent is considered. The principles of
determining the size of the astrent contained in the legislation are analyzed. The conclusion
is made about their maximum abstractness and evaluative nature. The critical remarks
available in the doctrine are given. The author’s position is expressed, among other things,
regarding the proposal made in the doctrine on the need to establish the upper and lower
limits of the judicial penalty. The relevant judicial practice is analyzed.

Keywords: astrant; legal nature; judicial penalty; size of atrenta; evaluative concepts.

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Information about the author

A.V. Fioshin (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Professor, Department
of Civil Law Disciplines, Moscow Academy of the Investigative Committee of the
Russian Federation, Associate Professor, Department of Civil Law, Russian State University
of Justice (12 Vrubel St., Moscow, 125080, Russia; e-mail: avfioshin@bk.ru).

Recommended citation

Fioshin A.V. O pravovoi prirode astrenta [On the Legal Nature of Astrent]. Vestnik
grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure, 2021, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 29–49. (In
Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2021-11-3-29-49

A.V. FIOSHIN