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ON THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE INSTITUTION OF LEGAL COSTS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH LOSSES IN THE ASPECT OF MODERN LEGAL POLICY

ON THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE INSTITUTION OF LEGAL COSTS
AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH LOSSES IN THE ASPECT
OF MODERN LEGAL POLICY

S.F. AFANASIEV,
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head of the Sector of Theory and Sectoral Problems
of Legal Policy, Saratov Branch of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy
of Sciences, Member of the Scientific Advisory Council, Supreme Court
of the Russian Federation

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-6-30-41

The article is devoted to the legal nature of legal costs in the context of domestic legal
policy. The relevance of this study is evidenced by the lack of proper coverage and a more
or less consistent understanding of this problem in legal science, which is inevitably
extrapolated to the legislation and applied components of domestic legal life. In order to
form a comprehensive idea of the institution of legal expenses, general scientific (logical
(induction, deduction, analysis and synthesis), systemic and functional) and private law
(historical-legal, formal-legal, comparative-legal) methods are used. It is argued that any
presence of a right or its absence, violation or non-violation of it is established only through
a formal jurisdictional process, as a result of which a person has expenses and the right
to compensation in case of a positive outcome. It is stated that a legitimate fact for the
submission of claims for the recovery of legal costs is not jus or some traditional conditions
of civil circulation, but judicium and its legal force. It is noted that there is no direct causal
connection between jus and the procedural institute of judicial expenses, but there is
between satisfaction of actio and subsequent award of such expenses. It is concluded that
legal costs do not correlate with the discovery of contractual or non-contractual obligations,
as well as the need for compensation for harm to a person who suffered from a guilty act.
Being an institute of civil procedural law, court costs are not recoverable not because of
the indicated, but because of the administration of justice in a civil or administrative case
and are directly dependent on its final outcome.

Keywords: legal policy and legal life; civil procedure; administration of justice; legal
expenses; losses; harm; tort legal relations.

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Information about the author

S.F. Afanasiev (Saratov, Russian) − Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head of the
Sector of Theory and Sectoral Problems of Legal Policy, Saratov Branch of the Institute
of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Member of the Scientific Advisory
Council, Supreme Court of the Russian Federation (1 Volskaia St., Saratov, 410056,
Russia; e-mail: af.73@mail.ru).

Recommended citation

Afanasiev S.F. O ponimanii instituta sudebnykh rashodov i ego sootnoshenii s ubytkami
v aspekte sovremennoi pravovoi politiki [On the Understanding of the Institution
of Legal Costs and its Relationship with Losses in the Aspect of Modern Legal Policy].
Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa – Herald of Civil Procedure, 2020, vol. 10, no. 6,
pp. 30–41. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-0781-2020-10-6-30-41

S.F. AFANASIEV