Herald of Civil Procedure

We in a citing index:



Candidate of Legal Sciences,
Judge of the Arbitration Court of the Moscow Region

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2019-9-3-61-85

The article presents the study of legal, technical and factual possibilities of engaging artificial
intelligence units in a judicial procedure – as a companion of a judge or a lawyer, as well as
an electronic judge. The author shows the main trends associated with the use of artificial
intelligence in the judicial procedure. The article reveals the concept of artificial intelligence in
the context of its application in the system of civil justice. The author explores the fundamental
possibility and necessity of applying the technologies of artificial intelligence in the civil
proceedings. The advantages and risks of using artificial intelligence are described, due to the
fact that the widespread introduction of technologies of this kind has not yet begun, potential
theoretical aspects of using artificial intelligence, the direction and form of engagement that in
civil, arbitration, administrative, criminal proceedings, as well as in arbitration proceedings is
suggested. The analysis of the problems associated with the definition of applicable laws and
their understanding and interpretation also should be taken into account when developing
and introducing new technologies into the traditional procedure.

Keywords: legal proceedings; litigation; civil procedure; arbitration procedure; artificial
intelligence; “electronic judge”.


Artificial Intelligence. URL: http://www.tadviser.ru/index.php/Продукт:
Искусственный_интеллект_(ИИ,_Artificial_intelligence,_AI). (In Russian)
Artificial Intelligence Can Change the Judicial System. URL: https://timeskz.kz/23068-
iskusstvennyy-intellekt-mozhet-izmenit-sudebnuyu-sistemu.html. (In Russian)
Comment permettre à l’Homme de garder la main? Rapport sur les enjeux éthiques
des algorithmes et de l’intelligence artificielle. URL: https://www.cnil.fr/fr/comment-
et-de. (In French)
D’Amato A. Can/Should Computers Replace Judges? Northwestern University School
of Law, Faculty Working Papers, 1977, Paper 129.
Engle E.A. An Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and Legal Reasoning: Using
xTalk to Model the Alien Tort Claims Act and Torture Victim Protection Act. Richmond
Journal of Law & Technology, 2004, vol. 11, no. 1.
Fernández Hernández C., Boulat P. Inteligencia Artificial y Derecho. Problemas y perspectivas.
URL: http://noticias.juridicas.com/conocimiento/articulos-doctrinales/10061-
Galves F. Where the Not-So-Wild Things Are: Computers in the Courtroom, the
Federal Rules of Evidence, and the Need for Institutional Reform and More Judicial
Acceptance. Harvard Journal of Law & Technology, 2000, vol. 13, no. 2.
Hall M.J.J, Calabro D., Sourdin T., Stranieri A., Zeleznikow J. Supporting Discretionary
Decision Making with Information Technology: A Case Study in the Crimi
nal Sentencing Jurisdiction. University of Ottawa Law and Technology Journal, 2004,
vol. 1, no. 2.
Kamener L. Courting Change: The Verdict on AI and the Courts. URL: https://www.
Leith P. The Judge and the Computer: How Best “Decision Support”? Artificial Intelligence
and Law, 1998, vol. 6, no. 2–4.
Lodder A., Zeleznikow J. Artificial Intelligence and Online Dispute Resolution. In
Wahab M.A., Katsh E., Rainey D. (eds.). Online Dispute Resolution: Theory and Practice.
Eleven International Publishing, 2012.
Morkhat P.M.; Ponkin I.V. (ed.). Law and Artificial Intelligence Moscow, 2018. (In
Nakad-Weststrate H.W.R., Jongbloed A.W., van den Herik H.J., Salem A.-B.M. The
Rise of the Robotic Judge in Modern Court Proceedings. In ICIT 2015: The 7th International
Conference on Information Technology. Al-Zaytoonah University, 2015.
Nakad-Weststrate H.W.R., Jongbloed A.W., van den Herik H.J., Salem A.-B.M. Digitally
Produced Judgements in Modern Court Proceedings. International Journal of Digital
Society, 2015, vol. 6, no. 4.
Rissland E.L. Artificial Intelligence and Legal Reasoning: A Discussion of the Field &
Gardner’s Book. AI Magazine, 1988, vol. 9, no. 3.
Robots-Legists: How Technology Will Change the Work of Law Firms. URL: https://
pravo.ru/story/view/125603/. (In Russian)
Sartor G., Branting L. Introduction: Judicial Applications of Artificial Intelligence.
Artificial Intelligence and Law, 1998, vol. 6.
Siemaszkiewicz M. The Application of Artificial Intelligence in Polish Civil Proceedings.
URL: https://nms.kcl.ac.uk/icail2017/dcpdf/siemaszkiewicz.pdf.
Sourdin T. Justice and Technological Innovation. Access to Justice, 2015, Paper 42.
Stobbs N., Hunter D., Bagaric M. Can Sentencing Be Enhanced by the Use of Artificial
Intelligence? URL: https://eprints.qut.edu.au/115410/2/CLJprooffinal25Nov2017.pdf.
The Judge of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation Spoke about the
Future of Robots in Jurisprudence. URL: https://ria.ru/science/20170515/1494332513.
html. (In Russian)
Thompson D. Creating New Pathways to Justice Using Simple Artificial Intelligence
and Online Dispute Resolution. Osgoode Legal Studies Research Paper Series, 2016, vol. 12,
iss. 6, Research Paper No. 27.
Volkov V. Artificial Intelligence Can Be Incorruptible Judge and Murderer of Humanity.
URL: https://digital.report/doktor-tehnicheskih-nauk-iskusstvennyiy-intellekt-mozhet-
stat-nepodkupnyim-sudey-i-ubiytsey-chelovechestva/. (In Russian)
Wittenberg D.S. Artificial Intelligence in the Practice of Law. URL: https://www.
Won H. Measures to Realize Sustainable and Efficient Justice from the Perspective
of Information and Communications Technology Focusing on the Korean Court. Journal
of Korean Law, 2016, vol. 16, no. 1.
Xu A. Chinese Judicial Justice on the Cloud: A Future Call or a Pandora’s Box? An
Analysis of the “Intelligent Court System” of China. Information & Communications
Technology Law, 2017, vol. 26, no. 1.
Zeleznikow J. Can Artificial Intelligence and Online Dispute Resolution Enhance
Efficiency and Effectiveness in Courts. International Journal for Court Administration,
2017, vol. 8, no. 2.

Information about the author

Morkhat P.M. (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Judge of the Arbitration
Court of the Moscow Region (18 Academic Sakharov Av., Moscow, 107053, Russia;

Recommended citation

Morkhat P.M. The Use of Artificial Intelligence in the Judicial Proceedings. Herald of
Civil Procedure, 2019, vol. 9, no. 3, p. 61–85. (In Russian). https://doi.org/10.24031/2226-

el_.png   it_.png   book.png