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The Content of Economic Activity

PROBLEMS OF CIVIL PROCEDURE


A.F. Voronov

A.F. VORONOV, 
Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of the Department of Civil Procedure 
of the Law Faculty of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, 
Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation 

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-6-13-33

The article deals with the problem of definition of «economic activity» and the content of the specified activities as criterion of jurisdiction of cases to state arbitration (commercial) courts. The concept of economic activity is not clearly formulated, the difficulty of its definition also connected with the fact that the term refers to criminal law and procedure, to proceedings in cases of administrative violations and to problems of other branches of law and legal science. The doctrine offers various variants of the concept of economic activity, however, when dealing with cases, doctrinal sources cannot be justified. In the article the author makes an attempt to reveal the contents of the discussion of the concept in relation to cases of arbitration courts jurisdiction. The author analyzes Russian laws and regulations, international and foreign legal acts, judicial practice of courts of general jurisdiction, arbitration courts, international courts. It is concluded that currently there is no clear understanding of the content of economic activity; subjective, evaluative nature of this category is unacceptable and it gives the courts broad discretion in matters of jurisdiction, weakens the guarantees of judicial protection, that makes it impossible to achieve the unity of judicial practice. The author makes several suggestions in the field of application of the law and lawmaking to change the situation. 

Keywords: arbitration procedure; competence of state arbitration (commercial) courts; civil procedure; jurisdiction of cases; criteria of jurisdiction; economic activities. 

References 

Belykh S.V. Ekonomicheskaya deyatel’nost’ kak konstitutsionno-pravovaya kategoriya: ponyatie, priznaki [Economic Activity as a Constitutional-Legal Category: Concept, Traits]. Biznes, menedzhment i pravo = Business, Management and Law, 2006, no. 3. (In Russian) 
Ershova I.V. Ekonomicheskaya deyatel’nost’: ponyatie i sootnoshenie so smezhnymi kategoriyami [Economic Activity: Concept and Relation with Adjacent Categories]. Lex Russica = Lex Russica, 2016, no. 9. (In Russian) 
Gubin E.P., Lakhno P.G. (eds.). Predprinimatel’skoe pravo Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Business Law of the Russian Federation]. Moscow, 2010. (In Russian) 
Ismagilova G. Bez podvedomstvennosti i motivirovochnoi chasti // Verkhovnyi sud gotovit masshtabnuyu reformu protsessa [Without a Jurisdiction and the Reasoning Of // The Supreme Court is Preparing a Major Reform of the Process] (https://zakon. ru/discussion/2017/09/26/bez_podvedomstvennosti_i_motivirovochnoj_chasti__verhovnyj_ sud_gotovit_masshtabnuyu_reformu_processa). (In Russian) 
Razgil’deev A. Chto takoe ekonomicheskaya deyatel’nost’ ili kogda grazhdanin dolzhen nachat’ platit’ nalogi kak predprinimatel’? [What is Economic Activity, or When a Citizen Needs to Start Paying Taxes as an Entrepreneur?] (https://zakon.ru/blog/2017/01/05/ chto_takoe_ekonomicheskaya_deyatelnost_ili_kogda_grazhdanin_dolzhen_nachat_ platit_nalogi_kak_predpri). (In Russian) 
Solov’ev V.N. K voprosu o raspredelenii yurisdiktsionnykh polnomochii mezhdu sudami obshchei yurisdiktsii i arbitrazhnymi sudami (nauchnaya polemika) [To the Question on the Distribution of Jurisdictional Powers Between Courts of General Jurisdiction and Arbitration Courts (Scientific Controversy)]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2011, no. 1. (In Russian) 
Suchkov I. Tikhoi sapoi ili izmenenie podvedomstvennosti v delakh ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh [Sly or Change of Jurisdiction in Cases of Administrative Offenses] (https://zakon.ru/discussion/2014/09/22/tixoj_sapoj_ili_izmenenie_ podvedomstvennosti_v_delax_ob_administrativnyx_pravonarusheniyax/). (In Russian) 
Voronov A.F. Arbitrazhnyi protsess: Uchebnoe posobie [Arbitration Procedure: Study Guide]. Moscow, 2004. (In Russian)
Voronov A.F. O nekotorykh voprosakh podsudnosti grazhdanskikh del v svete novogo zakonodatel’stva o sudoustroistve [On Some Questions of Jurisdiction of Civil Cases in the Light of the New Legislation on the Judicial System]. Sud’ya = Judge, 2015, no. 2. (In Russian) 
Yarkov V.V. Ob’edinenie vysshikh sudov: ozhidaniya i posledstviya [Unification of Supreme Courts: Expectations and Consequences]. Zakon = Law, 2014, no. 3. (In Russian) 
Yarkov V.V. Problemnye voprosy regulirovaniya kompetentsii v proekte Kodeksa grazhdanskogo sudoproizvodstva Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Problematic Issues of Regulation of the Competence in the Draft Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2015, no. 1. (In Russian) 
Yudin A.V. Interpretatsiya sub’ektnogo sostava grazhdansko-pravovogo spora dlya tselei opredeleniya podvedomstvennosti dela sudu obshchei yurisdiktsii (po materialam praktiki VS RF) [Interpretation of the Subject Composition of Civil Dispute for the Purposes of Determining Jurisdiction of the Case to the Court of General Jurisdiction (According to the Materials of Practice of the Supreme Court)]. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2012, no. 4. (In Russian) 

Information about the author 

Voronov A.F. (Moscow, Russia) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of the Department of Civil Procedure of the Law Faculty of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation (119991, GSP-1, Moscow, Leninskie Gory, Bldg. 13-14; e-mail: civil_proceedings@law.msu.ru). 

Recommended citation 

Voronov A.F. Soderzhanie ekonomicheskoj deyatel’nosti [The Content of Economic Activity]. Вестник гражданского процесса = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2017, no. 6, p. 13–33. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-6-13-33

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