Herald of Civil Procedure

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Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor,
Head of the Department of Civil Procedure of the Siberian Federal University

Traditionally, the problems of judicial examination were investigated in the context of
judicial evidence, however, in modern conditions of the materialization of civil procedure,
judicial examination and its legislative concept can be understood within a fair trial
term. The author of the article considers the doctrine in the field of this issue, the judicial
examination is analyzed as a phenomenon from various sides. The author highlights its
procedural concept, – as a tool for the implementation of a fair procedure, it also dwells
more on psychological expertise and its features. “Fair expertise as a way to implement
a fair proceedings” comes up against a number of traditional, but still unsolved problems,
including discrepancies in the categories of psychology in jurisprudence, filling them with
a different meaning. The article raises the question of the wording of the norms contained in
the codes of the Russian Federation, which form the general legal prerequisite for the use of
forensic examination. With the external similarity of formulations, the concept is different
in the codes, which gives rise to various practical difficulties. The author identifies areas that
need to be improved in domestic jurisprudence, and expresses her opinion on the concept of
conducting a judicial examination, which would respond to the idea of a fair procedure.

Keywords: judicial examination; fairness; civil procedure; evidence; willigness.


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of Higher Nervous Activity]. Moscow, 1979. (In Russian)
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[Forensic Psychological Examination. Its Subject, Methods and Limits]. Kharkiv,
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protsesse Rossii [On the Modern Development of Forms of Special Knowledge in Civil
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«Teoriya i praktika sudebnoj ekspertizy v sovremennykh usloviyakh», posvyashchennoj
pamyati zasluzhennogo yurista RF, d.yu.n., prof. Yu.K. Orlova (g. Moskva, 19–20 yanvarya
2017 g.) [Materials of the VI International Scientific and Practical Conference
“Theory and Practice of Forensic Examination in Modern Conditions”, Dedicated to
the Memory of Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Law, Professor
Yu.K. Orlov (Moscow, 19–20 January 2017)]. Moscow, 2017. (In Russian)
Sakhnova T.V. Osnovy sudebno-psikhologicheskoj ekspertizy po grazhdanskim delam
[Basics of Forensic Psychological Expertise in Civil Cases]. Moscow, 1997. (In Russian)
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of Behavior]. Moscow, 1990. (In Russian)

Information about the author

Sakhnova T.V. (Krasnoyarsk, Russia) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Head
of the Department of Civil Procedure of the Siberian Federal University (6, Bldg. 6 Maerchaka
St., Krasnoyarsk, 660075, Russia; e-mail: civil.law.process@gmail.com).

Recommended citation

Sakhnova T.V. O sudebnoj ekspertize kak instrumentarii spravedlivogo protsessa [On
Judicial Examination as a Tool of a Fair Procedure]. Вестник гражданского процес-
са = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2019, no. 2, p. 12–26. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-

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