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Lis Pendens Principle in International Civil Procedure: Actions and Parties Identity Issues
FOREIGN CIVIL PROCEDURE
I.V. Getman-Pavlova, M.A. Filatova
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of International Public
and Private Law of the National Research University Higher School of Economics
Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Judicial Branch
of the National Research University Higher School of Economics
All modern legal orders establish legal tools aimed at preventing of concurrent judicial proceedings in different jurisdictions. One of these tools is the principle of lis pendens, having for its goal avoiding parallel examination by different courts or arbitration of identical claims. Conditions of lis pendens application are following: same claims, same parties, and sequence of claims lodging and initiation of proceedings. However, these conditions are understood and interpreted in various legal systems in different ways, that may lead to decrease of lis pendens effects and its inefficient use. In particular, it regards different approaches to identity of claims examined in parallel proceedings: this identity may be determined by cause of action or subject matter, but also by its object, i.e. the purpose of it. Neither is the identity of the parties of both proceedings an absolute precondition: the parties may change their procedural roles in parallel litigation. The moment of judicial proceedings beginning also is not the same in different legal systems. The authors come to the conclusion that criteria of claims and parties identity determination should be flexible enough to better take into account the different of mentioned approaches, and the moment of proceedings commencement should be determined in accordance with the lex fori.
Keywords: international civil procedure; principle of controlled plurality of proceedings; parallel proceedings; identity of claims; concurrent jurisdictions; lis pendens; forum shopping; forum running.
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Information about the authors
Getman-Pavlova I.V. (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of International Public and Private Law of the National Research University Higher School of Economics (101000, Russia, Moscow, Myasnitskaya St., 20; e-mail: email@example.com);
Filatova M.A. (Moscow, Russia) – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Judicial Branch of the National Research University Higher School of Economics (101000, Russia, Moscow, Myasnitskaya St., 20; e-mail: filama. firstname.lastname@example.org).
Getman-Pavlova I.V., Filatova M.A. Printsip lis pendens v mezhdunarodnom grazhdanskom protsesse: problemy identichnosti iskov i storon [Lis Pendens Principle in International Civil Procedure: Actions and Parties Identity Issues]. Вестник гражданского процесса = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2018, no. 2, p. 239–263. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2018-8-2-239-263