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EVIDENCE IN APPEALS IN CIVIL PROCEEDINGS

PROBLEMS OF CIVIL PROCEDURE


E.A. BORISOVA

E.A. BORISOVA,
Doctor of Legal Sciences,
Professor of the Department of Civil Procedure of the Law Faculty
of the Lomonosov Moscow State University

The article outlines the main points of the report at the Symposium of the journal “Herald
of Civil Procedure” held in 2018. The issues of history, theory and practice of evidence in
the court of appeal are examined. The author analyses in details the characteristics and
differences of the appeal and cassation procedures during the Soviet period and concludes
that the confusion of specific signs of appeal, the establishment of a new rule adversely
affected the quality of legislative regulation of the new appeal proceedings, which led to
the emergence of first of all, with proving the presence or absence of circumstances relevant
to the case. The problem of judicial discretion when the court of appeal decides whether
to accept additional (new) evidence in the case and their subsequent investigation and
evaluation often leads to the fact that the courts act arbitrarily, without justifying their
decisions. At the same time, the arbitrary application of these norms by the courts of
verification instances affects the activity of the court of first instance, which does not begin
to be very attentive to the fulfillment of the obligation to determine the circumstances
relevant to the case and to prove them. The author makes critical comments on the activities
of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation to ensure the unity of judicial practice on
the establishment of circumstances of civil cases. It suggests ways to overcome the identified
shortcomings, measures to improve the Russian procedural legislation.

Keywords: appeal; cassation; appeal proceedings; circumstances of the case; judicial
examination; proof; judicial decision; Supreme Court of the Russian Federation.

References

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Information about the author

Borisova E.A. (Moscow, Russia) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of the Department
of Civil Procedure of the Law Faculty of the Lomonosov Moscow State University
(1, Bldg. 13-14 Leninskie Gory, GSP-1, Moscow, 119991, Russia; e-mail: civil_proceedings@
law.msu.ru).

Recommended citation

Borisova E.A. Dokazyvanie v apellyatsionnom proizvodstve v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve
[Evidence in Appeals in Civil Proceedings]. Вестник гражданского процес-
са = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2019, no. 1, p. 140–156. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-
0781-2019-9-1-140-156

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