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CHANGE IN THE BURDEN OF PROOF AND THE ACTUAL SITUATION IN PROVING IN PROCEEDINGS OF CIVIL CASES

PROBLEMS OF CIVIL PROCEDURE


O.V. BAULIN

O.V. BAULIN,
Doctor of Legal Sciences,
Professor of the Department of Civil Law and Procedure of the Law Faculty
of the Voronezh State University

The idea of moving of the burden of proof is quite common in modern legal systems, and it
is usual in the practice of international arbitration, the European Court of Human Rights.
The concept of a dynamic burden of proof is traditional for the Russian legal system. Some
Russian scholars support the idea of shifting the burden of proof, but in general, the science
of Russian procedural law has a rather negative attitude towards it. There are all the
necessary prerequisites for a preliminary primary distribution of the burden of proof in the
form of general and special rules in the Russian procedure. Otherwise, the institute will not
be able to perform the function of eliminating uncertainty in the event that it will not be
possible to establish the required facts reliably with the help of evidence. Subsequent clarification
of the burden of proof is possible only in the case of a supplement due to various
reasons for the subject and the limits of proof by new circumstances not previously discussed.
The denial by the Russian procedural science of the position of the admissibility of
shifting the burden of proof is determined by two groups of circumstances, the predetermination
of the burden of proof by material law and proper procedural reasons. The article
is devoted to the distribution of the burden of proof in domestic civil proceedings and the
possibility of shifting the burden of proof depending on the presented evidence.

Keywords: proof; burden of proof; shifting the burden of proof; civil litigation; arbitration
procedure; law of evidence.

References

Baulin O. Izmenenie bremeni dokazyvaniya i fakticheskoj situatsii v dokazyvanii pri
razbiratel’stve grazhdanskikh del [Change in the Burden of Proof and the Actual Situation
in Proving in Proceedings of Civil Cases]. Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij protsess =
Arbitration and Civil Procedure, 2009, no. 8. (In Russian)
Budylin S.L. Rentgenovskij luch prava. Raskrytie dokazatel’stv v Rossii i za rubezhom
[X-ray Beam of Law. Disclosure of Evidence in Russia and Abroad]. Vestnik VAS RF =
Bulletin of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation, 2014, no. 7. (In
Russian)
Grebelsky A.V. Raspredelenie bremeni dokazyvaniya v mezhdunarodnom arbitrazhe
[Distribution of Burden of Proof in International Arbitration]. In Lebedev S.N., Kabatova
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2013. (In Russian)
Puchinsky V.K. Grazhdanskij protsess SShA [Civil Procedure of the USA]. Moscow,
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Shak H. Mezhdunarodnoe grazhdanskoe protsessual’noe pravo [International Civil
Procedure Law]. Moscow, 2001. (In Russian)
Tsvetkov I.V. Nalogoplatel’shchik v sudebnom protsesse: Prakticheskoe posobie po
sudebnoj zashchite [Taxpayer in Litigation: A Practical Guide to Judicial Protection].
Moscow, 2004. (In Russian)
Zubovich M.M. Pravomerny li «yuridicheskie kacheli» v mekhanizme protsessual’nogo
vzaimodejstviya? (priglashenie k diskussii) [Are Legal “Swings” in the Mechanism of Procedural
Interaction Valid? (Invitation to Discussion)]. Rossijskaya yustitsiya = Russian
Justice, 2008, no. 9. (In Russian)

Information about the author

Baulin O.V. (Voronezh, Russia) – Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of the Department
of Civil Law and Procedure of the Law Faculty of the Voronezh State University
(10a, Bldg. 9 Lenin Sq., Voronezh, 394018, Russia; e-mail: civil.law.vsu@mail.ru).

Recommended citation

Baulin O.V. Izmenenie bremeni dokazyvaniya i fakticheskoj situatsii v dokazyvanii pri
razbiratel’stve grazhdanskikh del [Change in the Burden of Proof and the Actual Situation
in Proving in Proceedings of Civil Cases]. Вестник гражданского процесса =
Herald of Civil Procedure, 2019, no. 1, p. 124–132. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-
0781-2019-9-1-124-132

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