We in a citing index:
Notarial Acts in the System of Legal Facts in Civil Proceedings
Senior Lecturer of the Department of Business Law,
Civil and Arbitration Procedure of the Perm State National Research University
In the present article, the author analyzes the existing theoretical views about the potential protective legal institution of notaries. Notarial acts that are realized on the base of material norms within context of realizing of law enforcement functions perform the tasks of two types: establish unfavorable consequences in case of their non-compliance, and implement direct maintenance of substantive law. Notarial actions can be attributed to the form of protective actions – due to the existence of a system of material and procedural guarantees arising as a result of a notarial act. According to the author’s opinion notarial acts between participants of material legal relationships have preventive orientation which provides protection of subjective rights and legitimate interests of participants in material legal relationships and are characterized by a multisubstituted composition. The author singles out the characteristic features of notarial actions and their functions in the system of legal facts. The author points out that in addition to material relations, notarial acts are important in civil proceedings, in view of the fact that the guarantees remain in force in legal relations, too. There is a conclusion about specific character of guarantees that have meaning for both subjective and procedural legal relations appeared on the base of notarial acts.
Keywords: legal fact; notarial acts; civil proceedings; legal safeguards.
Abdrashitov A.M. Mirovoe soglashenie kak yuridicheskij fakt i kak fakticheskij sostav [The Settlement as a Legal Fact and as a Set of Facts]. Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij protsess = Arbitration and Civil Procedure, 2005, no. 2. (In Russian)
Abova T.E. Izbrannye trudy [Selected Works]. Moscow, 2007. (In Russian)
Kats A.K. Osnovnye polozheniya problemy osushchestvleniya pravoohranitel’noj funktsii v oblasti grazhdanskih pravootnoshenij [The Main Provisions of the Problem of Law Enforcement Functions in the Field of Civil Relations]. In Kratkaya antologiya ural’skoj protsessual’noj mysli [Brief Anthology of the Ural Procedural Thoughts]. Yekaterinburg, 2004. (In Russian)
Komissarov K.I. K teorii grazhdansko-protsessual’nyh pravootnoshenij [To the Theory of Civil Procedural Legal Relations]. In Kratkaya antologiya ural’skoj protsessual’noj mysli [Brief Anthology of the Ural Procedural Thoughts]. Yekaterinburg, 2004. (In Russian)
Kosareva I.A., Kosarev A.A. K voprosu o ponyatii i vidah yuridicheskih faktov v semejnom prave [On the Issue of the Concept and Types of Legal Facts in Family Law]. Semejnoe i zhilishchnoe parvo = Family and Housing Law, 2009, no. 6. (In Russian)
Krasavchikov O.A. Yuridicheskie fakty v sovetskom grazhdanskom prave [Legal Facts in Soviet Civil Law]. Moscow, 1958. (In Russian)
Medvedev I.G. (ed.). Nastol’naya kniga notariusa. V 4 t. T. 1: Organizatsiya notarial’nogo dela [Notary’s Handbook. In 4 vol. Vol. 1: Organization of a Notarial Business]. Moscow, 2015. (In Russian)
Osipov Yu.K. O mezhotraslevyh institutah protsessual’nogo prava [On Interbranch Institutes of Procedural Law]. Grazhdanskoe pravo i sposoby ego zashchity = Civil Law and Ways to Protect It, 1974, issue 33. (In Russian)
Ozhegov S.I. Slovar’ russkogo yazyka [Dictionary of Russian]. Moscow, 1983. (In Russian)
Yakovlev V.F. Struktura grazhdanskih pravootnoshenij [Structure of Civil Relations]. Grazhdanskie pravootnosheniya i ih strukturnye osobennosti: Sbornik uchenyh trudov SYuI = Civil Legal Relations and Their Structural Feature: Collection of Scientific Works of SLI, 1975, issue 9. (In Russian)
Yudel’son K.S. Izbrannoe: Sovetskij notariat. Problema dokazyvaniya v sovetskom grazhdanskom protsesse [Selected: Soviet Notary. The Problem of Evidence in Soviet Civil Procedure]. Moscow, 2005. (In Russian)
Information about the author
Frolovich E.M. (Perm, Russia) – Senior Lecturer of the Department of Business Law, Civil and Arbitration Procedure of the Perm State National Research University (614068, Perm, Dzerzhinsky St., 2, bldg. 5, room 80, 77; e-mail: evelina.frolovich@ gmail.com).
Frolovich E.M. Notarial’nye dejstviya v sisteme yuridicheskih faktov v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve [Notarial Acts in the System of Legal Facts in Civil Proceedings]. Вестник гражданского процесса = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2017, no. 4, p. 101–111. (In Russian) DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-4-101-111