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CONCEPT AND CLASSIFICATION OF ACTIONS IN THE LEGISLATION AND LEGAL DOCTRINE OF RUSSIA, FRANCE AND SPAIN

CONCEPT AND CLASSIFICATION OF ACTIONS
IN THE LEGISLATION AND LEGAL DOCTRINE OF RUSSIA,
FRANCE AND SPAIN

E.V. VERSHININA,
Associate Professor of the Department of International Private and Civil Law
named after S.N. Lebedev of the MGIMO University

D.V. KONOVALOV,
Postgraduate Student of the Department of International Private and Civil Law
named after S.N. Lebedev of the MGIMO University

DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2018-8-6-27-44

The concept of an action (a claim) provided by legislation and legal doctrine of Russia,
France and Spain is analyzed in the present article, as well as various classifications of
actions are considered. Issues of the concept and classification of claims are not new
in the legal literature, however, the unified view has not yet been formed. The norms
of the Civil Procedure Code and Arbitrazh Procedure Code of Russia do not contain
a definition of the claim as the substantive claim of the plaintiff against the defendant.
However, it cannot be argued that there is no such an understanding of the claim in the
indicated legal acts. In France, the application of the claim is limited depending on the
type of proceedings; the concept of a claim is given in the French Civil Procedure Code,
the concepts of “claim” and “requirement” also differ in French procedural literature. In
the legislation of Spain there are also various terms for the concept of a claim. In this
regard, it is necessary to consider explanations to the Spanish Law on Civil Procedure,
where the legislator is aimed at getting rid of excessive “doctrinal” concepts. A comparative
legal analysis of the concept and classification of action in Russia, France and Spain is
performed in the research.

Keywords: concept of action; right to action; classification of actions; civil procedure;
arbitrazh procedure; legal doctrine.

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Information about the author

Vershinina E.V. (Moscow, Russia) – Associate Professor of the Department of International
Private and Civil Law named after S.N. Lebedev of the MGIMO University
(119454, Moscow, Prospect Vernadskogo, 76; e-mail: elena.v.vershinina@gmail.com);

Konovalov D.V. (Moscow, Russia) – Postgraduate Student of the Department of
International Private and Civil Law named after S.N. Lebedev of the MGIMO University
(119454, Moscow, Prospect Vernadskogo, 76; e-mail: dk79852712751@gmail.com).

Recommended citation

Vershinina E.V., Konovalov D.V. Ponyatie i klassifikatsiya iskov v zakonodatel’stve
i pravovoj doktrine Rossii, Frantsii i Ispanii [Concept and Classification of Actions in
the Legislation and Legal Doctrine of Russia, France and Spain]. Вестник граждан-
ского процесса = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2018, no. 6, p. 27–44. (In Russian) DOI:
10.24031/2226-0781-2018-8-6-27-44

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E.V. VERSHININA, D.V. KONOVALOV